The Foca camera was a French-built brand of rangefinder cameras made by Optique & Prcision de Levallois. The camera was designed in 1938, but the Second World War prevented its release, which finally occurred in 1945. The first Foca models were named "PF" (for petit format, "small format") and distinguished by the number of stars.
They had focal plane shutter and interchangeable lenses on a screw mounting. The "PF1" (one star), later named "Standard", was the basic version without rangefinder. After 1949, the company developed a bayonet mount version, called "Universel", with a series of lenses all coupled to the rangefinder.
Optique & Prcision de Levallois (in short OPL) made its own lenses under the brand "Oplar" and derivatives ("Oplarex", "Oplex".). Like the Contax II, the Foca had the rangefinder integrated in the viewfinder.
In 1961, the viewfinder became wider (magnification 1:1), collimated and corrected from parallax. The company also made 35Â mm models for amateur market: "Focasport": viewfinder cameras which were rather popular in France. The rangefinder versions were numbered II.
"Focaflex": SLR cameras of special design using a leaf shutter.The production ceased in 1965. A Focasport II with a flash
· Other Related Knowledge of rangefinder camera
Jupiter-8 of rangefinder camera
The Jupiter-8 is derived from the Zeiss Sonnar design, and was used as a standard lens on the Zorki and Kiev cameras.
It has six elements in three groups, a maximum aperture of f/2, and focuses down to one metre, similar to other standard lenses of its time. The Jupiter-8M variant, depicted, was modified to have detents (click-stops) in the aperture ring, and was only made for the Kiev camera. .
History of rangefinder camera
In 1932, Zeiss Ikon of Dresden decided to produce a competitor to the Leica II, designed to be superior in every way. The name Contax was chosen after a poll among its employees. Dr.
Ing. Heinz Kuppenbender was its chief designer. Made between 1932 and 1936, the original Contax (later known as Contax I after later models were introduced) was markedly different from the corresponding Leica II.
Using a die-cast alloy body, it housed a vertically travelling metal focal-plane shutter. The shutter was reminiscent of the one used in Contessa-Nettel cameras, made out of interlocking black-finished brass slats. somewhat like a roll-up garage doorn 1 The interlocking slats were aligned by specially made silk ribbons, which were very strong but subject to wear.
The coupled rangefinder had a very long baseline, with its own eyepiece next to that of the viewfinder. Other main differences included focusing drive built into the camera body for use with standard lens, removable back, shutter speed knob integral with film wind knob placed at the front of the camera body, and finished in black. The young lens designer Ludwig Bertele, formerly of Ernemann, was charged with the responsibility of designing the lenses.
The Received Moment of rangefinder camera
Though McFarlane has not written extensively on the subject himself, his idea of the "received moment" has attracted media and curatorial attention. Related in some ways to Henri Cartier-Bresson's "decisive moment," McFarlane's formulation is seen as being "gentler, more contemplative". By suggesting the need for the photographer to remain open to the world around, it also has the advantage of containing the seed of a photographic method.
Gael Newton, senior curator of photography at the National Gallery of Australia, has written about McFarlane's approach and quotes him as saying "I see making pictures as a receiving of the image. Where you stand, both physically and emotionally, decrees the kind of picture you, through your camera, will receive".
Career of rangefinder camera
Encouraged by his employers during a brief stint as a copy boy in an advertising agency, he began to work more seriously as a photojournalist, gaining a commission from Walkabout to photograph Professor John Bishop, co-founder of the Adelaide Festival of Arts.
On the same assignment he also made images of author Patrick White, dancer and choreographer Sir Robert Helpmann, actor John Bell and painter Sidney Nolan. In 1963 McFarlane moved to Sydney, working for The Bulletin and Australian Vogue. With the artist Kate Burness, who became his first wife, he travelled to London in 1969, where he freelanced for The Daily Telegraph, The Sunday Times Magazine, and NOVA magazine.
He returned to Sydney in 1973 and eventually to Adelaide in 2007. McFarlane was later married to the theatre director Mary-Ann Vale and has two children, Morgan (1974-1994, born to Kate Burness) and Billy (born 1990, to Mary-Ann Vale). Though McFarlane specialises in social issues he is currently working on a book documenting mental illness and performance, he has also taken portraits of a number of notable figures in Australian and international life.
These include fellow photographers W Eugene Smith, Don McCullin, Jeff Carter, Max Dupain, David Moore, Trent Parke and Stephen Dupont; political figures such as Bob Hawke, Gough Whitlam, Charlie Perkins and Pauline Hanson; renowned surgeon Sir Edward "Weary" Dunlop; jazz violinist Stphane Grappelli; boxer Henry Cooper; and Atlantic Records co-founder Ahmet Ertegun. His theatrical work has seen him cover a number of plays featuring Steven Berkoff, and he photographed the early performances of Geoffrey Rush, Cate Blanchett and Robyn Archer. McFarlane has also worked as a stills photographer for film directors such as Bruce Beresford, John Duigan, Gillian Armstrong, Esben Storm, Phillip Noyce, and PJ Hogan.
In 1985, in the lead up to the 1988 bicentenary of Australia's European settlement, McFarlane was among 21 photographers chosen to live and work in remote Aboriginal communities in a project that became known as After 200 Years: Photographic Essays of Aboriginal And Islander Australia Today. It remains the largest single photographic project in Australian history, and was published both as a touring exhibition and a book. McFarlane's work is held in the permanent collections of the National Portrait Gallery (Canberra), the National Gallery of Australia, the Art Gallery of New South Wales, the Art Gallery of South Australia and the National Library of Australia.
His most prominent recent exhibition is Received Moments, a 48-year career retrospective, which began touring Australia in December 2009 and concludes in Adelaide in late 2011. McFarlane was a significant contributor to Candid Camera: Australian Photography 1950s1970s at the Art Gallery of South Australia (May to August 2010) which also featured the work of key Australian photographers Max Dupain, David Moore, Jeff Carter, Mervyn Bishop, Rennie Ellis, Carol Jerrems and Roger Scott. McFarlane has written extensively about photography for a number of Australian publications, and was photographic critic for the Sydney Morning Herald for more than 25 years.
He currently writes and maintains a website called OzPhotoReview, a blog focusing primarily on fine art and documentary photography in Australia while also discussing technical developments.
Website of rangefinder camera
Miranda is the developer of his eponymous website, which acts as a review and sales portal for photography equipment and software. Through the website, Miranda has also developed software distributed as Fred Miranda Software, which includes PhotoShop plug-ins, such as SI Pro, and Actions that are preprogrammed or preset.
The software has been developed through Fred Miranda Digital Darkroom. He also developed the B&W Workflow Pro software suite, and the website also has a forum where uses exchange ideas and answer each other's questions. FredMiranda.
com also features his portfolio of works and articles written by him on the subject of photography. His work has appeared in Digital Camera magazine. .
Models of rangefinder camera
The models included Canon Canonet Canon Canonet Junior Canon Canonet Slim pick Canon Canonet QL 17 Canon Canonet QL 17 New Canon Canonet QL 17-L New Canon Canonet QL 17 GIII Canon Canonet QL 19 Canon Canonet QL 19E Canon Canonet QL 19 New Canon Canonet QL 19 GIII Canon Canonet QL 25 Canon Canonet 28 Canon Canonet 28 New Canon Canodate E Canon Canodate E-N Canon Datematic
Jupiter-9 of rangefinder camera
The Jupiter-9, like the Jupiter-8, is derived from the Sonnar design, and is a fast telephoto lens. It was made available in the Leica and Contax mounts, as well as in the M42 lens mount used by the Zenit cameras. It has a focal length of 85mm and a maximum aperture of f/2.
It has seven elements in three groups.
Early life of rangefinder camera
Born in Adelaide, South Australia in 1942, he was given a Kodak Box Brownie at the age of 9 by his parents, Bill and Poppy McFarlane. Five years later, while at Brighton High School (today known as Brighton Secondary School) in Adelaide's southern suburbs, he experienced the power of photography first hand, when he used a recently purchased Durst medium format rangefinder camera to capture an image of a teacher striking a pupil at the school assembly.
Though talented in English and History, McFarlane was an undistinguished student and left school at 16, finding work as a trainee electric welder. He was deeply influenced, however, by the travelling documentary photography exhibition The Family of Man, which reached Adelaide in 1959.
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