What Was the Thought and Decision Process Which Led to the Protruding Camera Module on the IPhone 6,

Honestly, I don't like it either, but as some colleagues already said, Apple had to do a compromise on the design. We could have a 0,76mm thicker telephone to compensate it and had a flat full mechanical design (as I wished before its official launch), but then the feeling of it in ours hands wouldn't be as light (and in iPhone 6 Plus would be more bulky).But, if you want still a flat design feeling, good grip of the smartphone and some protection, pickup one case.

What Was the Thought and Decision Process Which Led to the Protruding Camera Module on the IPhone 6, 1

You can read this review if you wish:https://isalinis.wordpress.com/2015/03/03/best-iphone66plus-case-without-sacrificing-usability/I think the trade off made by Apple was the correct to compensate usability and awesome camera

· Other Questions

If FDR's policies created the middle class and led America into an economic Golden Age, why shouldn't we stick to those policies today?

The second half of the questions assumes the answer to the first half is Yes FDRs economic policies created the middle class.Problem is they didnt, There has ALWAYS been a thriving middle class in the US, going all the way back to the Pre Revolutionary days. Further FDRs policies did absolutely nothing to shore up the middle class.

They were hit hard by the Depression and the middle class did not really recover until the late 40s and that recovery was largely driven by the US being the only industrial economy left functioning on the planet.The only thing Roosevelts policies did was to concentrate more power in Washington and kill off a huge chunk of private charity


In what ways have you changed the most over the last three years? What led to that transformation?

I have changed over the last few years due to my age and not being able to do much. I have so many things my body carries: COPD, CHF, leaking values, diabetes, blah, blah, blah. I do so much, or as much as I can every day.

What Was the Thought and Decision Process Which Led to the Protruding Camera Module on the IPhone 6, 2

Until January, I did so much less, but my husband passed away in January, so I now do the work around the house and garden for two people. The transformation is good, in that I see that I can do most things, and what I cant, I hire local people to help me. I would, 3 yrs.

ago, NEVER hired help. Im grieving but getting on with life as it now is.


Is BTS famous in Korea?

Yes. BTS is famous in Korea, because they are frequently on the news that BTS is really popular abroad. But BTS is only one of the most popular bands in Korea, not the most popular band in Korea.

There have been some discussions going on in Korea. In Korea, if you get a medal in the Olympics, you are exempted from the military service, because of your promotion and contribution to your country, Korea. On the other hand, no such laws exist for KPop stars.

Some argue that it is unfair that BTS has to serve in the army even though they promoted the good image of Korea more than any other Olympic medalist did. Some think that they should make a new legislation


What factors triggered the Third Punic War?

The casus belli was Carthages attack on the Numidians in an attempt to stop their attacks and expansion into Carthaginian territory.

The Numidians were allies of Rome and the Carthaginians had sent emissaries to Rome to plead for relief from the attacks, those pleas fell on deaf ears. The real cause, however, was Roman jealousy over Carthages commercial revival after loosing the 1st and 2nd Punic wars to Rome, and Romes desire to see a troublesome rival destroyed. The siege of Carthage did not go as quickly or as easily as the Romans thought it would, taking 3 years and much vicious fighting.

After Carthage fell and was sacked it was destroyed, and the inhabitants that survived were sold into slavery.Source: Ancient History Encyclopedia


What is the soul according to Plato?

In his dialogue, the Phaedrus, Plato has Socrates describe the human soul as tripartite: (1) Nous (Intellect or mind); (2) Thumos (spirit or emotion); and (3) Epithumos (or appetite).

He includes a famous metaphor of the soul, describing it like a chariot with two horses (thumos and epithumos) and a charioteer (nous) managing and trying to control them. Platos image is reminiscent of Freuds Ego, Superego, and Id (Freud probably borrowed from Plato). I think it is probably doubtful, however, that this describes Platos own view of the character of the human soul.

His ultimate beliefs were evidently highly mystical and super-rational, and he may well have had a more mystical view of the nature of the human soul and its relation to the cosmos


Can C access the hardware as deep as Assembly?

No, and at least one example on every CPU is that you cannot access the carry bit from C. This is very important when implementing multiple precision arithmetic, which cannot be implemented as efficiently in C as it can in assembler because of this.

For example, in a generic assembler, to implement quad precision addition, you might writeADD A0,B0,C0ADC A1,B1,C1ADC A2,B2,C2ADC A3,B3,C3There is no way to get C to implement the same as efficiently. This is a simple example of the use of the carry bit, and there are more complex examples (e.g.

multiple precision multiplication etc.). You also cannot access various other specialized instructions directly, such as BCD pack and unpack, etc.



Is it right to divide Jammu Kashmir in two parts?

Listen, The situation of J&k people are getting worst day to day under Article 370 & 35A.Terrorism became a another name of j&k state, violence increased.

All the employment opportunities blocked ,Because of Decade old Articles , No free flow of knowledge in state . So, All the students, teens are transforming as mere puppets in hands of politicians.Politicians are using them in mass movement as stone pelters and wasting there golden futures.

After this scrapping of Articles , State will be in safe hands of BJP then automatically terrorism will decrease . Employment increase on flow of business firms .Bifurcation is made to solve problem easy .

Previously, In J&k state ladakh is back thrown in development wise . But , Now under the hands of president rule the union territory will regain its esteem


Why does religion often support the right-wing?

Depends on how you define "right-wing," and which aspects of the religious teaching you are talking about.

Consider Catholic Social Teaching. There are aspects of it that fall on the American political right wing, and other aspects that fall to the left of even the American political left wing - more like European-style social democracy than any common political position held in the USA.Yet it is all based on the same religious doctrines and documents.

Generally I think that, at least in the United States, if your religious beliefs lead you to support one political party uncritically, you need to critically examine whether your religious beliefs are true to the teachings of your religion. This is particularly true for Christianity


Would conservatives be better off (electorally) without the religious right?

Its a voting bloc.

Why would a party cede a reliable voting bloc to their opponents, especially if the opposing party showed little to no inclination to court their vote? This is a voting bloc that is easily riled up and they are very passionate to come out and vote.Throw feelings out the window about what you think about religion, its neither here nor there: if you are a politician, what matters is getting people out to vote.

How Did Evangelicals and Republicans Come together?BTW, your question should be would the right be better off since conservatives actually dont have a very large voice in the current Republican party, they are but one faction in the entire group: Factions in the Republican Party (United States).


Who would have won in a war, a Roman army or a 11th century medieval army?

I think that it depends a lot on what medieval army and which Roman army youre talking about, as others have alluded to.Ill presume you are asking about the classic imperial legions, and a typical, western European medieval army. Id pick the classic legion to win by virtue of discipline and cohesion, plus much greater tactical flexibility.

Most Medieval infantry would not be a match and medieval cavalry wouldnt be able to break a legion without good supporting arms or a clever general with unusually obedient troops. A cavalry force brought to a halt in front of unbroken heavy infantry is going to get mauled.Obviously this may play out differently if you have other armies in mind.


Will Robert Mueller get Donald Trump impeached?

Robert Mueller was appointed Special Counsel on May 2017 to investigate possible collusion between the Trump's campaign and Russia. He was not given a mandate to impeach.

The framing of the question suggests "to impeach" is part of the deal; it is not. Even if Mueller were to have actual pictures of Donald Trump meeting secretly with Vladimir Putin during the elections, he would still not able to impeach the president. His principal job is to uncover whether there was such collaboration between Trump and Russia.

What happens next depends on DOJ.If we assume for a moment Mr. Mueller's findings lead to Trump's impeachment, we still would not attribute his impeachment to Mueller.

The reason is actually very simple: those facts were there to be found by Mueller or any other Special Counsel.


What painful experience led to an enlightened moment?

I have mostly lost my memory of painful experiences because it is now like things that happened to no-one.

Even more accurately nothing ever happened! And no-one had an u2018enlightened momentu2019. Every moment is enlightened by stillness, by consciousness, by unshakable peace.

It is only thought as belief that can make it otherwise. Painful experiences are part of the story of a separate self. I can only recall them when it is useful to do so.

These days it is seeming to be less and less useful. Why be interested in painful experiences or enlightened moments when you can have the whole enchilada of lasting happiness and knowing without a doubt that what you really are never had a painful experience


Who in music has been more influential The Beatles or Led Zeppelin?

The answer is always going to be The Beatles in this type of query, no matter what band name is put in the blank spot.

They were the pioneers, music has progressed and opened up so many genres directly because of them. They were on the pulse of society hell some would say that they were the pulse of society. Without The Beatles there would never have been a Led Zeppelin or most of the other bands that came along from the mid sixties onwards.

You have to remember that though they weren't called The Beatles yet that the frontmen John Lennon and Paul McCartney had begun playing together in 1957 and the third followed in 1958. It will always be the Beatles, they're not considered the greatest band ever because of their good looks and modesty.


What caused the decline of Mesopotamia?

It depends what you consider as a fall. Babylon was eventually abandoned, but it was slow and gradual, and not due to a sudden cause.The Mesopotamian cultured lost its total patronage some time after the Persian conquest of the Neo-Babylonian empire.

Babylon lost its status as a capital city, but was still a major cultural centre and a very large city. When Alexandre the Great conquered Mesopotamia (and thus gave Mesopotamia its name, Meso- between, potamia rivers.) it was still well and flourishing.

Civilizations rarely fall, they rather slowly but surely cease to be important, and sometimes they are abandoned. But, keep in mind, several important cities during the ancient times are still inhabited in the Middle East, like say Aleppo.

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Knowledge Related to 2nd Air Defence Army 1988
Knowledge Related to 2nd Air Defence Army 1988
2nd Air Defence Army traced its history back to 5 November 1941, when the 5th Air Defence Division was formed by the directive of Deputy People's Commissar of Defense of the USSR No. 3024 in Kuibyshev. The basis for the formation of the division were components of the Moscow Air Defence Corps, relocated to Kuibyshev. In September 1944, during the completion of Operation Bagration, the division, reorganized into the 14th Air Defense Corps, moved forward to Minsk to organize air defense of the territory liberated by the 3rd Belorussian Front. The corps defended airfields, railway junctions and the cities of Minsk, Borisov, Lida, Molodechno. In July 1944 the corps units, in cooperation with fighter aviation, shot down 19 enemy aircraft. The 927th Fighter Aviation Regiment (927 IAP), located at Loshitsa airfield particularly distinguished itself. The regiment was commanded by Hero of the Soviet Union, Lieutenant-Colonel N. Kozlov (later major-general of aviation, deputy commander of the 2nd independent Air Defence Army).After the end of the Great Patriotic War, the corps was reorganized into the Belorussian Air Defense District (1951), then to the Minsk Air Defense Corps (1954). In 1988 the 2nd independent Army of the Air Defence Forces (Russian: 2- ) comprised the 11th and 28th Air Defence Corps.The 11th Air Defence Corps was formed on 15 March 1960 in Baranovichi, Minsk Oblast, from the PVO's 39th Fighter Aviation Division. 3rd Air Defence Division came under 2nd independent Army of the PVO from March 1960 to November 1977.In 1988 it comprised:Headquarters, Baranovichi61st Fighter Aviation Regiment PVO (Baranovichi, Minsk Oblast) (MiG-25/Su-27)201st Fighter Aviation Regiment PVO (Machulischi, Minsk Oblast) (MiG-23)(taken over by Belarus in 1992, and disbanded in 1994)15th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade (Fanipol)115th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade (Brest)127th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Lida)377th Guards Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Polotsk)1146th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Orscha)8th Radio-Technical Brigade (Baranovichi, Minsk Oblast)49th Radio-Technical Regiment (Polotsk)an independent Electronic Warfare BattalionIt was taken over by Belarus in early 1992, and survived to at least 1994.Over the border in the Ukrainian SSR, the 28th Air Defence Corps was also part of the 2nd Air Defence Army until 1992.In 1988 it comprised:Headquarters, Lvov179th Fighter Aviation Regiment PVO (Stryy, Lvov Oblast) Converted to Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23M 1978; taken over by Ukrainian Air Defence Forces 1992; became 10th Aviation Base October 1994; disbanded December 1996.894th Fighter Aviation Regiment PVO (Ozerne) (MiG-23ML/MLD) (Formed 9 June 1942; taken over by Ukraine 3.1.92.)254th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Mukachevo, Zakarpatskaya Oblast)540th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Kamenka-Bugskaya, Lvov Oblast)270th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Lvov, Lvov Oblast)312th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Nadvornaya, Ivan-Frankovsk Oblast)438th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Kovel, Volynskaya Oblast)521st Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Borshschev, Ternopol Oblast)1st Radio-Technical Brigade (Lipniki, Lvov Oblast)10th Radio-Technical Regiment (Stryy, Lvov Oblast)17th independent Electronic Warfare Battalion (Kolomyya, Ivan-Frankovsk Oblast)38th Communications Center (Lvov, Lvov Oblast)• Other Related Knowledge of electronic components2nd Air Defence Army 1988 of electronic components2nd Air Defence Army traced its history back to 5 November 1941, when the 5th Air Defence Division was formed by the directive of Deputy People's Commissar of Defense of the USSR No. 3024 in Kuibyshev. The basis for the formation of the division were components of the Moscow Air Defence Corps, relocated to Kuibyshev. In September 1944, during the completion of Operation Bagration, the division, reorganized into the 14th Air Defense Corps, moved forward to Minsk to organize air defense of the territory liberated by the 3rd Belorussian Front. The corps defended airfields, railway junctions and the cities of Minsk, Borisov, Lida, Molodechno. In July 1944 the corps units, in cooperation with fighter aviation, shot down 19 enemy aircraft. The 927th Fighter Aviation Regiment (927 IAP), located at Loshitsa airfield particularly distinguished itself. The regiment was commanded by Hero of the Soviet Union, Lieutenant-Colonel N. Kozlov (later major-general of aviation, deputy commander of the 2nd independent Air Defence Army).After the end of the Great Patriotic War, the corps was reorganized into the Belorussian Air Defense District (1951), then to the Minsk Air Defense Corps (1954). In 1988 the 2nd independent Army of the Air Defence Forces (Russian: 2- ) comprised the 11th and 28th Air Defence Corps.The 11th Air Defence Corps was formed on 15 March 1960 in Baranovichi, Minsk Oblast, from the PVO's 39th Fighter Aviation Division. 3rd Air Defence Division came under 2nd independent Army of the PVO from March 1960 to November 1977.In 1988 it comprised:Headquarters, Baranovichi61st Fighter Aviation Regiment PVO (Baranovichi, Minsk Oblast) (MiG-25/Su-27)201st Fighter Aviation Regiment PVO (Machulischi, Minsk Oblast) (MiG-23)(taken over by Belarus in 1992, and disbanded in 1994)15th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade (Fanipol)115th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade (Brest)127th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Lida)377th Guards Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Polotsk)1146th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Orscha)8th Radio-Technical Brigade (Baranovichi, Minsk Oblast)49th Radio-Technical Regiment (Polotsk)an independent Electronic Warfare BattalionIt was taken over by Belarus in early 1992, and survived to at least 1994.Over the border in the Ukrainian SSR, the 28th Air Defence Corps was also part of the 2nd Air Defence Army until 1992.In 1988 it comprised:Headquarters, Lvov179th Fighter Aviation Regiment PVO (Stryy, Lvov Oblast) Converted to Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23M 1978; taken over by Ukrainian Air Defence Forces 1992; became 10th Aviation Base October 1994; disbanded December 1996.894th Fighter Aviation Regiment PVO (Ozerne) (MiG-23ML/MLD) (Formed 9 June 1942; taken over by Ukraine 3.1.92.)254th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Mukachevo, Zakarpatskaya Oblast)540th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Kamenka-Bugskaya, Lvov Oblast)270th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Lvov, Lvov Oblast)312th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Nadvornaya, Ivan-Frankovsk Oblast)438th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Kovel, Volynskaya Oblast)521st Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Borshschev, Ternopol Oblast)1st Radio-Technical Brigade (Lipniki, Lvov Oblast)10th Radio-Technical Regiment (Stryy, Lvov Oblast)17th independent Electronic Warfare Battalion (Kolomyya, Ivan-Frankovsk Oblast)38th Communications Center (Lvov, Lvov Oblast)------Early Career and Professorships of electronic componentsPrior to moving to Emory, Cummings was the Ed Miller Endowed Chair in Molecular Biology, the George Lynn Cross Professor in Biochemistry, and Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, College of Medicine, in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma from 1992-2006.He was the founder in 1999 of the Oklahoma Center for Medical Glycobiology. Prior to his position in Oklahoma, Cummings was Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the University of Georgia in Athens from 1983-1992 and Associate Director of the Complex Carbohydrate Research Center.Research beginnings of biochemistryHe is a co-founder, among many other well-known scientists, of the fields of glycomics and glycobiology. His research, which has been funded by the National Institutes of Health since 1984, has focused on the biochemical and molecular regulation of cellular metabolism and function. His work emphasizes the roles of glycoconjugates in cell adhesion and cell signaling. In his biochemical studies he is exploring the fundamental pathways of glycoconjugate biosynthesis and alterations in biosynthesis in human and animal diseases. He is also exploring the roles of proteins and lectins that recognize glycans, as well as anti-glycan antibodies, in biological pathways and disease, including inflammation, autoimmunity, infectious diseases, and cancer. Cummings has over 300 peer-reviewed publications in the field, along with over 70 review articles, and dozens of book chapters.Appointments and awardsCummings is an elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (2014), and a past President of the Society for Glycobiology (2001). In 2008 he received the Karl Meyer Award from the Society for Glycobiology and in 2019 he received the IGO Award from the International Glycoconjugate Organization, all in recognition of his many contributions to glycosciences. Cummings is the Chair of the Consortium of Functional Glycomics, a worldwide organization that is a comprehensive resource for functional glycomics. Cummings is also the Director of the National Center for Functional Glycomics, which relocated in 2015 from Emory to BIDMC/HMS, and develops and offers a variety of glycan microarray technologies for researchers in the field. Cummings is also co-Director of the Human Glycome Project, a world-wide effort to identify and functionally characterize the components of the human glycome. Cummings has also held numerous leadership positions in academia and has been a leader in industry and government involvement in scientific reviews and decision making.Co-editing textbooksCummings is a co-Editor of the 1st Edition of Essentials of Glycobiology (1999), the 2nd Edition (2009) of Essentials of Glycobiology, and now 3rd Edition (2017) of Essentials of Glycobiology, the first textbook in the field of glycobiology. Cummings was also the artwork editor for the textbook and prepared most of the illustrations. This textbook in 2003 became one of the pioneering textbooks to be distributed electronically by the National Library of Medicine. Cummings is also a co-Editor of Handbook of Glycomics, which provides a comprehensive overview of the emerging field of glycomics, and a co-Editor of Galectins: Methods and Protocols. In addition, Cummings currently has 31 US Patents in the field of biotechnology and glycobiology.EducationCummings graduated from Isabella High School near Maplesville, AL and received his B.S. in biology and chemistry from the University of Montevallo in Montevallo, AL. He received his Ph.D. in biology (biochemistry) from The Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, MD, where he trained with Dr. Stephen A. Roth, and was a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Division of Hematology/Oncology at Washington University in St. Louis, where he trained with Dr. Stuart A. Kornfeld. Cummings also holds an honorary Master of Science degree from Harvard University and an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Montevallo (2019). He also received the 2019 Distinguished Alumnus Award from the University of Montevallo.Selexys PharmaceuticalsCummings was a co-founder in 2002, along with Rodger P. McEver, MD, and Richard Alvarez, MBA, of Selexys Pharmaceuticals Corporation, where he initially served as President and Chief Scientific Officer. Selexys was based in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The emphasis of the company was in developing treatments for inflammatory disorders. In November 21, 2016 it was announced that Selexys was purchased by Novartis. The purchase occurred following receipt of results of the SUSTAIN study, a Phase II trial evaluating the use of SelG1, an anti-P-selectin antibody, in the reduction of vaso-occlusive pain crises in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). Terms of the deal could total up to $665 million in upfront, acquisition and milestone payments. On November 15, 2019 the US Food and Drug Administration approved Adakveo (crizanlizumab), previously known as SEG101, to reduce the frequency of vaso-occlusive crises (VOCs), or pain crises, in adult and pediatric patients aged 16 years and older with sickle cell disease.Tetherex Pharmaceuticals Corporation, formed in 2014 and also based in Oklahoma City, is a spin-off of Selexys. Tetherex develops novel first-in-class therapeutics targeting cell adhesion proteins in inflammatory, thrombotic and oncologic diseases, and its lead drug is a function-blocking anti-PSGL-1 antibody called SelK2, initially under development for the treatment of Crohn's disease and venous thromboembolism.Cummings was also a co-founder in 1988 of ELA Technologies, Inc. in Athens, Georgia, that specialized in developing uses of bioluminescent proteins in high-sensitivity detection assays.
Knowledge About Logical Access Control
Knowledge About Logical Access Control
1. By country of logical access controlGovernments of countries which comment on net neutrality usually support the concept.United StatesNet neutrality in the United States has been a point of conflict between network users and service providers since the 1990s. Much of the conflict over net neutrality arises from how Internet services are classified by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) under authority of the Communications Act of 1934. The FCC would have significant ability to regulate ISPs should Internet services be treated as a Title II "common carrier service", or otherwise the ISPs would be mostly unrestricted by the FCC if Internet services fell under Title I "information services". In 2009, the United States Congress passed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act 2009, which granted a stimulus of $2.88 billion for extending broadband services into certain areas of the United States. It was intended to make the internet more accessible for under-served areas, and aspects of net neutrality and open access were written into the grant. However, the bill never set any significant precedents for net neutrality or influenced future legislation relating to net neutrality. Through 2017, the FCC has generally been favorable towards net neutrality, treating ISPs under Title II common carrier. With the onset of the Presidency of Donald Trump in 2017, and the appointment of Ajit Pai, an opponent of net neutrality, to the chairman of the FCC, the FCC has reversed many previous net neutrality rulings, and reclassified Internet services as Title I information services. The FCC's decisions have been a matter of several ongoing legal challenges by both states supporting net neutrality, and ISPs challenging it. The United States Congress has attempted to pass legislation supporting net neutrality but have failed to gain sufficient support. In 2018, a bill cleared the U.S. Senate, with Republicans Lisa Murkowski, John Kennedy and Susan Collins joining all 49 Democrats but the House majority denied the bill a hearing. Individual states have been trying to pass legislation to make net neutrality a requirement within their state, overriding the FCC's decision. California has successfully passed its own net neutrality act, which the United States Department of Justice is challenging on a legal basis.CanadaNet neutrality in Canada is a debated issue in that nation, but not to the degree of partisanship in other nations such as the United States in part because of its federal regulatory structure and pre-existing supportive laws that were enacted decades before the debate arose. In Canada, Internet service providers (ISPs) generally provide Internet service in a neutral manner. Some notable incidents otherwise have included Bell Canada's throttling of certain protocols and Telus's censorship of a specific website critical of the company. In the case with Bell Canada, the debate for net neutrality became a more popular topic when it was revealed that they were throttling traffic by limiting people's accessibility to view Canada's Next Great Prime Minister, which eventually led to the Canadian Association of Internet Providers (CAIP) demanding the Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) to take action on preventing the throttling of third-party traffic. In October 22, 2009, the CRTC issued a ruling about internet traffic management, which favored adopting guidelines that were suggested by interest groups such as OpenMedia.ca and the Open Internet Coalition. However, the guidelines set in place require citizens to file formal complaints proving that their internet traffic is being throttled, and as a result, some ISPs still continue to throttle internet traffic of its users.IndiaIn the year 2018, the Indian Government unanimously approved new regulations supporting net neutrality. The regulations are considered to be the "world's strongest" net neutrality rules, guaranteeing free and open Internet for nearly half a billion people, and are expected to help the culture of startups and innovation. The only exceptions to the rules are new and emerging services like autonomous driving and tele-medicine, which may require prioritised internet lanes and faster than normal speeds.ChinaNet Neutrality in China is not enforced, and ISPs in China play important roles in regulating the content that is available domestically on the internet. There are several ISPs filtering and blocking content at the national level, preventing domestic internet users from accessing certain sites or services or foreign internet users from gaining access to domestic web content. This filtering technology is referred to as the Great Firewall, or GFW. In a journal analyzing the political climate behind net neutrality in China, Henry Hu concluded that Chinese ISPs have become a political tool for the country to heavily regulate information rather than providing neutral internet content for its users. In contrast to countries such as the United States, values such as equality and free speech are not considered in the net neutrality debate.------2. Issues of logical access controlDiscrimination by protocolDiscrimination by protocol is the favouring or blocking information based on aspects of the communications protocol that the computers are using to communicate. In the US, a complaint was filed with the Federal Communications Commission against the cable provider Comcast alleging they had illegally inhibited users of its high-speed Internet service from using the popular file-sharing software BitTorrent. Comcast admitted no wrongdoing in its proposed settlement of up to US$16 dollars per share in December 2009. However, a U.S. appeals court ruled in April 2010 that the FCC exceeded its authority when it sanctioned Comcast in 2008 for deliberately preventing some subscribers from using peer-to-peer file-sharing services to download large files. However, the FCC spokeswoman Jen Howard responded, "the court in no way disagreed with the importance of preserving a free and open Internet, nor did it close the door to other methods for achieving this important end". Despite the ruling in favour of Comcast, a study by Measurement Lab in October 2011 verified that Comcast had virtually stopped its BitTorrent throttling practices.Discrimination by IP addressDuring the 1990s, creating a non-neutral Internet was technically infeasible. Originally developed to filter harmful malware, the Internet security company NetScreen Technologies released network firewalls in 2003 with so-called deep packet inspection capabilities. Deep packet inspection helped make real-time discrimination between different kinds of data possible, and is often used for Internet censorship. In a practice called zero-rating, companies will not invoice data use related to certain IP addresses, favoring use of those services. Examples include Facebook Zero, Wikipedia Zero, and Google Free Zone. These zero-rating practices are especially common in the developing world.Sometimes Internet Service Providers (ISPs) will charge some companies, but not others, for the traffic they cause on the ISP's network. French telecom operator Orange, complaining that traffic from YouTube and other Google sites consist of roughly 50% of total traffic on the Orange network, made a deal with Google, in which they charge Google for the traffic incurred on the Orange network. Some also thought that Orange's rival ISP Free throttled YouTube traffic. However, an investigation done by the French telecommunications regulatory body revealed that the network was simply congested during peak hours.Aside from the zero-rating method, ISPs will also use certain strategies to reduce costs of pricing plans such as the use of sponsored data. In a scenario where a sponsored data plan is used, a third-party will step in and pay for all the content that it (or the carrier or consumer) does not want around. This is generally used as a way for ISP's to remove out-of-pocket costs from subscribers.One of the criticisms regarding discrimination is that the system set up by ISPs for this purpose is capable of not only discriminating but also scrutinizing full-packet content of communications. For instance, the deep packet inspection technology installs intelligence within the lower layers in the work to discover and identify the source, type, and destination of packets, revealing information about packets traveling in the physical infrastructure so it can dictate the quality of transport such packet will receive. This is seen as an architecture of surveillance, one that can be shared with intelligence agencies, copyrighted content owners, and civil litigants, exposing the users' secrets in the process.Favoring private networksProponents of net neutrality argue that without new regulations, Internet service providers would be able to profit from and favor their own private protocols over others. ISPs are able to encourage the use of specific services by using private networks to discriminate what data is counted against bandwidth caps. For example, Comcast struck a deal with Microsoft that allowed users to stream television through the Xfinity app on their Xbox 360s without it affecting their bandwidth limit. However, utilizing other television streaming apps, such as Netflix, HBO Go, and Hulu, counted towards the limit. Comcast denied that this infringed on net neutrality principles since "it runs its Xfinity for Xbox service on its own, private Internet protocol network". In 2009, when AT&T was bundling iPhone 3G with its 3G network service, the company placed restrictions on which iPhone applications could run on its network. According to proponents of net neutrality, this capitalization on which content producers ISPs can favor would ultimately lead to fragmentation, where some ISPs would have certain content that is not necessarily present in the networks offered by other ISPs. The danger behind fragmentation, as viewed by proponents of net neutrality, is the concept that there could be "multiple 'Internets,'" where some ISPs offer exclusive internet applications or services or make it more difficult to gain access internet content that may be more easily viewable through other internet service providers. An example of a fragmented service would be television, where some cable providers offer exclusive media from certain content providers. However, in theory, allowing ISPs to favor certain content and private networks would overall improve internet services since they would be able to recognize packets of information that are more time-sensitive and prioritize that over packets that are not as sensitive to latency. The issue, as explained by Robin S. Lee and Tim Wu, is that there are literally too many ISPs and internet content providers around the world to reach an agreement on how to standardize that prioritization. A proposed solution would be to allow all online content to be accessed and transferred freely, while simultaneously offering a "fast lane" for a preferred service that does not discriminate on the content provider.Peering discriminationThere is disagreement about whether peering is a net neutrality issue. In the first quarter of 2014, streaming website Netflix reached an arrangement with ISP Comcast to improve the quality of its service to Netflix clients. This arrangement was made in response to increasingly slow connection speeds through Comcast over the course of 2013, where average speeds dropped by over 25% of their values a year before to an all-time low. After the deal was struck in January 2014, the Netflix speed index recorded a 66% increase in connection. Netflix agreed to a similar deal with Verizon in 2014, after Verizon DSL customers' connection speed dropped to less than 1 Mbit/s early in the year. Netflix spoke out against this deal with a controversial statement delivered to all Verizon customers experiencing low connection speeds, using the Netflix client. This sparked an internal debate between the two companies that led to Verizon's obtaining a cease and desist order on 5 June 2014 that forced Netflix to stop displaying this message.Favoring fast-loading websitesPro-net neutrality arguments have also noted that regulations are also necessary due to research that has shown low-tolerance to slow-loading content providers. In a 2009 research study conducted by Forrester Research, online shoppers expected the web pages they visited to download content instantly. When a page fails to load at the expected speed, many of them simply click out. A study found that even a one-second delay could lead to "11% fewer page views, a 16% decrease in customer satisfaction, and 7% loss in conversions". This delay can cause a severe problem to small innovators who have created new technology. If a website is slow by default, the general public will lose interest and favor a website that runs faster. This helps large corporate companies maintain power because they have the means to fund faster Internet speeds. On the other hand, smaller competitors have less financial capabilities making it harder for them to succeed in the online world.
Knowledge About Physical Access Control
Knowledge About Physical Access Control
1. "Great advocate for Open Access" of physical access controlIn a post made in 2003, Stevan Harnad, another Open Access advocate, called Arunachalam "India's and the Developing World's great advocate for open access". Arunachalam had then been named as Co-Director of the CogPrints Archive.Arunachalam has said that his "interest in promoting Open Access specifically started around 1996, when I began working as a visiting faculty at the Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai".He has argued that research performed in India, and funded by Indian taxpayers, is reported in a few thousand journals, both Indian and foreign. But since some of these journals are very expensive, "many Indian libraries -- including sometimes the author's own institutional library -- are not able to subscribe to them. As consequence, other Indian scientists working in the same, or related, areas are unable to read these papers. This is a problem common to all developing countries."Arunachalam's view is that "if all these papers were published in OA journals, or if the authors made them freely available on the Web by self-archiving them either in institutional OA archives or in central archives like arXiv and CiteSeer then the problem would vanish." He is known to favour the self-archiving route for Indian researchers. This is because, he says, "it would allow us to achieve 100% OA (open access) more quickly."Indian research are believed to published in equal proportions in both Indian and foreign journals, but most Indian ones have a very poor circulation. Resultantly, Indian research work does not reach a wide audience "affecting both its visibility and its impact". Hence, Arunachalam has argued that Open Access archives are "very important" for the Indian researcher, whom it could offer greater visibility.------2. Introduction of physical access controlIAPS is an association of physics students and student societies from around the globe, working to promote peaceful collaboration amongst its members. These are represented by national and local committees, who meet regularly to ensure the relevance of activities.Since 1987, IAPS has worked continuously to support friendly relations and collaboration between physics students. The group supports its members in their academic and professional work by discussing and acting on scientific, social and cultural issues. IAPS is a recognised non-governmental organisation run entirely by students from around the world.IAPS runs an annual International Conference of Physics Students (ICPS), one of the biggest student organized conferences in the world. IAPS also organizes visits to global research institutions such as CERN or Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, international physics competitions, summer schools, exchange programmes and multinational meetings.On a daily basis, IAPS is run by an Executive Committee, which is elected at the Annual General Meeting (AGM), held during the ICPS with the participation of all member societies. Most of the activities are run through the help of student volunteers, whose collaboration is necessary to ensure that all activities are offered at prices that allow participation from countries with weaker economies.Throughout its existence, IAPS has been accumulating a number of partnerships with several international organizations. Between the most long-standing collaborators stand the European Physical Society (EPS) and the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP). IAPS continuously pursues collaborative partnership efforts with other organizations to have a positive impact in the global scientific community.------3. Generic cell rate algorithm of physical access controlThe generic cell rate algorithm (GCRA) is a leaky bucket-type scheduling algorithm for the network scheduler that is used in Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) networks. It is used to measure the timing of cells on virtual channels (VCs) and or Virtual Paths (VPs) against bandwidth and jitter limits contained in a traffic contract for the VC or VP to which the cells belong. Cells that do not conform to the limits given by the traffic contract may then be re-timed (delayed) in traffic shaping, or may be dropped (discarded) or reduced in priority (demoted) in traffic policing. Nonconforming cells that are reduced in priority may then be dropped, in preference to higher priority cells, by downstream components in the network that are experiencing congestion. Alternatively they may reach their destination (VC or VP termination) if there is enough capacity for them, despite them being excess cells as far as the contract is concerned: see priority control.The GCRA is given as the reference for checking the traffic on connections in the network, i.e. usage/network parameter control (UPC/NPC) at usernetwork interfaces (UNI) or inter-network interfaces or network-network interfaces (INI/NNI). It is also given as the reference for the timing of cells transmitted (ATM PDU Data_Requests) onto an ATM network by a network interface card (NIC) in a host, i.e. on the user side of the UNI. This ensures that cells are not then discarded by UPC/NCP in the network, i.e. on the network side of the UNI. However, as the GCRA is only given as a reference, the network providers and users may use any other algorithm that gives the same result.------4. Federal elections of physical access controlWith a final total of 247 seats (56.78%) in the House and 54 seats in the Senate, the Republicans ultimately achieved their largest majority in the U.S. Congress since the 71st Congress in 1929.Congressional electionsSenate electionsAll 33 seats in Senate Class II were up for election. Additionally, three special elections were held to fill vacancies in Class III.Of the 36 Senate races, the Republican Party won 24 (a net gain of nine seats, which represents the largest gain for a party in the Senate since 1980, and the largest Senate gain in a midterm since 1958) and the Democratic Party won 12, thus resulting in the Republicans regaining control of the Senate for the first time since 2006, with a total of 54 seats. The race in Louisiana headed to a run-off on December 6, 2014, in which Rep. Bill Cassidy (R) defeated 3-term incumbent Sen. Mary Landrieu 55.9% to 44.1%.House of Representatives electionsAll 435 voting seats in the United States House of Representatives were up for election. Elections were held to select the delegates for the District of Columbia and four of the five U.S. territories. The only seat in the House not up for election was the Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico, who serves a four-year term. The Republican party won 247 seats (a net gain of 13 seats) and the Democratic Party, 188 seats. Thus, the Republicans gained their largest majority in the House since 1928. Nationwide, Republicans won the popular vote for the House of Representatives by a margin of 5.7 percent.On March 11, there was a special election for Florida's 13th congressional district, won by the Republican Party.------5. Current superintendent of physical access controlTonya Hoover, National Fire Academy SuperintendentTonya Hoover is the Superintendent of the U.S. Fire Administrations National Fire Academy (NFA). She was named to this position in May 2017. As Superintendent, Ms. Hoover provides leadership for the NFA, which focuses on enhancing the ability of fire and emergency services and allied professionals to deal more effectively with fire and related emergencies.Ms. Hoover is an accomplished executive with more than 20 years of management experience in both local and state government. She has successfully worked at high levels of government in developing and implementing fire protection, fire prevention, fire training, and community risk reduction programs.From July 2009 to July 2016, Ms. Hoover served as the California State Fire Marshal, where she was responsible for statewide fire prevention, fire service training, pipeline safety, code and regulations development, and analysis and implementation. She was the California Assistant State Fire Marshal from September 2007 to June 2009. Previously, Ms. Hoover served as a fire marshal/battalion chief for a local fire department and was a deputy campus fire marshal for the University of California at Berkeley. Ms. Hoover was on the Board of Directors for the National Fire Protection Association and the International Fire Service Training Association, and is an active committee member with the International Code Council.Ms. Hoover received her MBA in Business and Human Resources from the University of Phoenix in 2006 and a Bachelor of Science in Technical Education, specializing in Fire Protection and Safety, from Oklahoma State University in 1985. She holds an associate degree in Fire Protection Engineering Technology (also from Oklahoma State University) and possesses a California lifetime teaching credential for fire science.------6. Turnout of physical access controlNationwide voter turnout was 36.4%, down from 40.9% in the 2010 midterms and the lowest since the 1942 elections, when just 33.9% of voters turned out, though that election came during the middle of World War II.The states with the highest turnout were Maine (59.3%), Wisconsin (56.9%), Alaska (55.3%), Colorado (53%), Oregon (52.7%) Minnesota (51.3%), Iowa (50.6%), New Hampshire (48.8%), Montana (46.1%) and South Dakota (44.6%), all of which except for Iowa and Montana featured a competitive gubernatorial race and all of which except for Maine and Wisconsin also featured competitive Senate races. The states with the highest turnout that had no Senate or gubernatorial race that year were North Dakota (44.1%) and Washington state (38.6%).The states with the lowest turnout were Indiana (28%), Texas (28.5%), Utah (28.8%), Tennessee (29.1%), New York (29.5%), Mississippi (29.7%), Oklahoma (29.8%), New Jersey (30.4%) and West Virginia and Nevada (31.8%). Indiana and Utah had no Senate or gubernatorial elections and the others all had races for at least one of the posts, but they were not considered competitive. Turnout in Washington, D.C. was (30.3%).According to CNN Young Americans aged between 18-29 accounted for 13%, down from 19% in the presidential election two years before.Analysis by the Pew Research Center found that 35% of non-voters cited work or school commitments, which prevented them from voting, 34% said they were too busy, unwell, away from home or forgot to vote, 20% either didn't like the choices, didn't know enough or didn't care and 10% had recently moved, missed a registration deadline or didn't have transportation.The New York Times counts apathy, anger and frustration at the relentlessly negative tone of the campaigns as the reasons of low turnout and stated, "Neither party gave voters an affirmative reason to show up at the polls."------7. Communist Organisation in the British Isles of physical access controlThe Communist Organisation in the British Isles (COBI) was a Marxist-Leninist political party in Britain and Ireland. It was founded in 1974 by members of the British and Irish Communist Organisation (BICO) who disagreed with BICO's stance on workers' control, which the COBI described as reducing "the working class to a plastic object of bourgeois history" and"fundamentally anti-Marxist". The COBI, however, retained several of BICO's policies, including supporting the partition of Ireland, backing the UK joining the European Economic Community, and opposition to Trotskyism.The new group had already begun studying the work of the De Leonist Socialist Labour Party, also taking its arm-and-hammer logo as its own. It rapidly published a series of publications all bearing the name of their journal Proletarian, of which at least four issues were published, variously described as texts, broadsides or simply as pamphlets. COBI stated that it would use the work of "Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Mao as bases" and also defended the idea of the vanguard party as the means for achieving socialism.It was known for its strict entry conditions, which included knowledge of at least one language other than English, and a commitment from members to "maintain himself/herself in a state of mental and physical fitness and preparedness". Members were also required to develop theoretical work to a standard satisfactory to the organisation as described in the group's Platform, published in September 1976.In 1977, the party was officially renamed Communist Formation. Always small it disbanded a few years later, some of its last remnants joining the Socialist Unity coalition.Notable members included the Scottish computer scientist Paul Cockshott and the Welsh historian Gwyn A. Williams.
Knowledge About Basic Access Control
Knowledge About Basic Access Control
1. Early life and education of basic access controlCephas Washburn was born on July 25, 1793 in Rutland, Vermont. His parents were Josiah W. and Phebe (nee'Cushman) Washburn. His father was a farmer, and Cephas seemed destined to follow in that occupation. However, he suffered a broken leg while working, and decided to take up teaching as a career. While raising enough money to pursue higher education, he taught school in Groton, Massachusetts during 1814 and 1815. While teaching, he became a member of the Congregationalist church and decided to become a missionary to the Indians. He graduated from the University of Vermont and the Andover Theological Seminary. After graduating from the University of Vermont, he was ordained as a Congregational minister. The Royalton Congregational Association in Randolph licensed Washburn to preach in January 1818. On October 6, 1818, he married Abigail F. Woodward of Randolph, Vermont..------2. Joseph Charlier of basic access controlJoseph Charlier (20 June 1816 6 December 1896) was a Belgian self-described jurist, writer, accountant, and merchant. He was one of the earliest proponents of a citizen's income or guaranteed minimum income, preceding even the "state bonus" scheme published by British Dennis Milner (18921956) in 1920.Charlier was influenced by Charles Fourier. According to John Stuart Mill, Fourierism required that "in the distribution, a certain minimum is first assigned for the subsistence of every member of the community, whether capable or not of labour." Fourier and his foremost disciple Victor Prosper Considrant criticized civilization for failing to provide a minimum to the poor, but feared widespread idleness and a collapsing civilization if workers previously depending on "repugnant" labor for income had a choice. Considrant, in some of his writings, suggested that society guarantee a right to work in order to compensate them for denying equal access to natural resources. ("La condition sine qu non-pour la Lgitimit de la Proprit est donc que la Socit reconnaisse au Proltaire le droit au travail et quelle lui assure au moins autant de moyens de subsistance, pour un exercice dactivit donn, que cet exercice et pu lui en procurer dans ltat primitif.")Charlier agreed with Fourierism that the central problem was the improvement of the condition of the disinherited classes ("amlioration du sort des classes dshrites"). He rejected "the right to assistance", a solution addressing effects rather than the cause, and the "right to work/organization of labor" which he expected to result in an extension of state control. Instead, Charlier proposed a scheme with a basic income paid unconditionally to every member of society, regardless of need or ability to work.In 1896 at age 80, Charlier died at Brussels where he was born.------3. Career of basic access controlBacon built the first neutron diffractometer in the UK at the Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell, and then made the first experiments outside the United States in neutron diffraction, a means of studying the basic structures and dynamics of materials. He wrote scientific papers, textbooks and review articles on the use of neutron scattering. His work included a study of the neutron intensities diffracted by crystals, which led to studies of the basic structure of molecules and of magnetism. His book Neutron Diffraction was a standard text, beginning with the first edition in 1955.19391946: Scientific Officer, Telecommunications Research Establishment of the Air Ministry19461963: Deputy Chief Scientific Officer, Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell1963-1981: Professor of Physics at the University of Sheffield19691971: Dean of the Faculty of Pure Science, University of Sheffield1981 to date: Emeritus professor of the University of Sheffield------4. Zaostrog of basic access controlZaostrog (Croatian pronunciation:zostrog) (Italian:Rastozza) is a tourist town and harbor along the Adriatic Sea in southern Dalmatia, Croatia. It is located between Makarska and Ploe. It consists of two parts, an older part below a steep limestone section of the Biokovo mountain range, and a newer coastal zone. Olive growing is prominent in the area.It's a good touristic attraction and many people come here to try it including famous Bosnian actors Senad Bai and Mustafa Nadarevi.Dominating the village for more than five centuries is the old Franciscan monastery of St. Mary, which has an open museum, ethnological collection, gallery and a large library with over 30,000 titles, a significant part of the older Croatian literature. The settlement today co-locates with the Narentine settlement of Ostrok in Pagania.Brother Andrija Kai Mioi, known as "The Old Man Milovan", spent part of his creative life in Zaostrog. He is one of the most prominent Croatian folk poets. Zaostrog was called "Ostrog" in the Middle Ages and was one of the larger towns of the Narentines.------5. Works of basic access controlYandell has over 60 articles and reviews in journals listed in EBSCO. His books including those co-authored or edited follow:Free Will and Evil (MA Thesis, Wayne State, 1960)Metaphysical Systems and Decision Procedures (PhD Dissertation, Ohio State, 1966)Basic Issues in the Philosophy of Religion (Allyn and Bacon, 1971)Problems in Philosophical Inquiry: Theory of Knowledge (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971)Metaphysics (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971)Theory of Knowledge (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971)Philosophy of Religion (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971)Ethics (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971)God, Man, and Religion (McGraw-Hill, 1973)Christianity and Philosophy (Eerdmans, 1984)Hume's Inexplicable Mystery: His Views on Religion (Temple University, 1990)The Epistemology of Religious Experience (Cambridge University Press, 1994)Philosophy of Religion: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge, 1999)Religion and Public Culture: Encounters and Identities in Modern South India (Routledge, 2000)Faith and Narrative (Oxford University Press, 2001)Buddhism: A Christian Exploration and Appraisal (InterVarsity Press/Paternoster, 2009)Spirituality Without God?: Buddhist Enlightenment and Christian Salvation (Paternoster, 2009)The Soul (Defence of the Evidential Value of) (Ashgate, 2015)In addition to books, Yandell has published essays on Anselm, miracles, and religious language; as well as a series of articles on the problem of evil; a series of articles on the epistemic status of religious experience; a series of articles on Hume's philosophy of religion; a series of articles on the supposed ineffability of religious beings or experiences; a series of articles on Indian philosophy; a series of articles on religion and morality; and a series of articles on philosophical issues concerning Christian theology, especially concerning the nature of God. He was working on metaphysical issues in the philosophy of religion and on religious pluralism.------6. Life of basic access controlHe was the son of Hans Staden and Elisabeth Lbelle. The exact date of his birth is unknown; it is believed that he was born in Nuremberg in 1581 (the date on the only surviving portrait) and records show that a certain Johannes Starnn was baptised in July 1581. At 18 Staden was already quite famous and serving as organist of one of the city churches; by 1604 he was employed as court organist in Bayreuth; he got married the same year. In 1605 the court moved to Kulmbach, where Staden remained until 1610, publishing two collections of secular songs, Neue teutsche Lieder (1606) and Neue teutsche geistliche Gesng (1609). He may have visited Bayreuth again in 1610 and returned to Nuremberg by 1611, the year his daughter was baptised there.In June 1612 he left Nuremberg again to succeed Hans Leo Hassler as court organist in Dresden. He stayed until around 1614/15, becoming organist at Nuremberg's Spitalkirche on 20 June 1616. Later that year he moved to the Lorenzkirche, succeeding Kaspar Hassler. Finally, in 1618 he accepted the most prestigious musical position in Nuremberg: organist at the Church of Saint Sebald (Sebalduskirche). He held that post until his death in 1634.------7. Works and influence of basic access controlMuch of Staden's work survives in printed collections. His first published works were the secular songs of Neue teutsche Lieder (1606), another Neue teutsche Lieder (1609) and Venus Krntzlein (1610); the songs feature simplistic rhythms, are harmonically simple and feature little to no imitative counterpoint. The same can be said about his sacred songs, which he also published several collections of. Other sacred music is of considerably greater interest: Harmoniae sacrae (1616) contains some of the earliest German sacred concertos, introducing the concepts of an obligatory basso continuo, independent instrumental accompaniment and the solo concerto to Nuremberg's tradition; these features are also seen in other collections of sacred choral music. The basic style, however, remained that of the motet. Staden's instrumental music consists of around 200 pieces, including not only various dance forms but also some of the first German instrumental sonatas. These pieces could have been written for a group of performers named Nuremberg Musikkrnzlein.Staden was highly acclaimed as a teacher; he was instrumental in creating the Nuremberg tradition and his most important pupil, Johann Erasmus Kindermann, would carry that tradition through Georg Caspar Wecker and Heinrich Schwemmer to the Krieger brothers and, ultimately, to Johann Pachelbel, who studied under both Wecker and Schwemmer. Other pupils of Staden included three of his sons (Johann, Adam and Sigmund Theophil Staden) and miscellaneous lesser Nuremberg composers. Apart from establishing the so-called Nuremberg school through training young musicians, Staden's activities in Nuremberg during the 1620s-30s included evaluating new music dedicated to the city (this included Samuel Scheidt's Geistliche Concerten of 1634).------8. Product of basic access controlRationalPlan consists of a project guide with three main parts; labeled Project, Planning, and Controlling, each consisting of several subcategories. The project section covers basic information and scheduling, the planning section defines resources and materials, and the controlling section allows users to update and track tasks. The RationalPlan suite includes RationalPlan Single, RationalPlan Multi, RationalPlan Viewer, and RationalPlan Server. Combined, the RationalPlan suite provides management help for single projects, multiple projects, project viewing, and a centralized space for multiple users to access and manage projects. RationalPlan collaborates with IBM, Sony, and Cisco to establish rules to assist users in business management.RationalPlan has licences proprietor software that is fee based for Mac and Windows installations, but has free use licences for linux installations.------9. Arab culture of basic access controlArab culture is the culture of the Arabs, from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Arabian Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean Sea in the north to the Horn of Africa and the Indian Ocean in the southeast. Language, literature, gastronomy, art, architecture, music, spirituality, philosophy, mysticism (etc.) are all part of the cultural heritage of the Arabs.The Arab world is sometimes divided into separate regions depending on different cultures, dialects and traditions including: The Fertile Crescent Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, Jordan) The Mesopotamia Iraq The Arabian Peninsula Jordan, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Al Ahwaz Al Arabiya, Oman and the United Arab Emirates) The south of the Arabian Peninsula (consisting of Yemen and Oman).
Knowledge About Access Control Entry
Knowledge About Access Control Entry
1. Life of access control entryHe entered the Society of Jesus in 1660, and, in October, 1662, sailed for Canada, he taught at the Jesuit college while he prepared for missionary work studying the Indian languages. He was ordained in 1668, the first Jesuit to be there.He went first to the Oneida, but in a few months changed the field of his labours to the Onondaga mission. Garaconthi, the Onondaga chief, received him with every evidence of friendship, and, at his request, rebuilt the chapel of St. Mary.On the arrival of other missionaries in 1671, Garnier set out with Father Jacques Frmin for the Seneca Nation country. There he found a bare handful of Christian Indians at the Gandachioragou mission. He immediately began to preach and baptize; and he persevered after his chapel was destroyed by a fire which wiped out the entire village.When trouble arose in 1683 between the French and the Senecas, Garnier went with de Lamberville to Governor de la Barre to urge compromise and moderation. He was unable, however, to dissuade the latter from his policy of repression. De la Barre set out upon the ill-starred expedition which was to prevent priests from venturing among the northern tribes for over thirteen years.Every missionary was recalled at the outbreak of hostilities and Garnier was sent in turn to the settlements of Sault-Saint-Louis, Lorette and Caughnawaga. When access to the Indians was made possible by the treaty of Montreal, in 1701, Garnier returned to his mission among the Senecas. There he remained until 1709, when Schuyler's expedition once more made it necessary for him to return to Canada. His departure marked the end of missionary work among the Senecas; his notes and letters remain one of the principal and most accurate sources of information on this division of the Iroquois.In 1716 Garnier became superior of the missions in New France. He passed his remaining years among the various settlements along the St. Lawrence River, retiring from active life in 1728.------2. Erwin Georg Keilholz of access control entryErwin Georg Keilholz (20 April 1930 19 May 2001) was a Bavarian educator and politician, a member of the Christian Social Union (CSU).Keilholz studied in Bamberg, graduating in both Mathematics and Physics in 1949. He then studied teaching, first working at an elementary school in Ebermannstadt. He trained as a middle school teacher in Munich, and in 1956 began teaching at a middle school in Coburg. He also taught at schools in Forchheim and Herzogenaurach.Keilholz was a member of the Young Union. From 1958 to 1972 he was chairman of the CSU in Ebermannstadt. He was elected to the Kreistag (district council) from 1960 to 1972 as a deputy of the Governor. He was a member of the Landtag of Bavaria from 1974 to 1978.------3. Selected bibliography of access control entryFrom 1928 to 1985, Olsson penned some 46 novels, including the Tore Gudmarsson trilogy of romantic novels:1940 Sand1942 Grnsland1945 Tore Gudmarssonand in 1947 Den nye (tr. The New), a romance, which was made into the film Nr krleken kom till byn in 1950.All of these were published by Tiden of Stockholm; some of his later works (from 1964 onwards) were published by Allhem, Malm, then Spektra, Halmstad, and Settern, initially at Laholm then rkelljunga.------4. Evans Bradshaw of access control entryEvans Bradshaw (1933 November 17, 1978) was an American jazz pianist. Born in Memphis, Tennessee, Bradshaw learned piano from an early age and was playing in his father's band by the age of 12. He moved to New York City in 1958 and recorded two albums for the Riverside label. Following these two albums Bradshaw never recorded again------5. Santa Lucia, Gallicano of access control entrySanta Lucia is a Roman Catholic church in the town of Gallicano, region of Tuscany, Italy.The church is documented in the 12th century as being under the control of the Abbey of Frassinoro. It was located near the castle and close to the ancient parish church of Santi Giovanni e Cassiano. An earthquake in 1721 compelled reconstruction. The interior has a 16th-century wooden icon of St Lucy.------6. Prizes and awards of access control entryOlsson was awarded the ABF:s litteratur- & konststipendium award in 1950, one of the Boklotteriets stipendiater awards in 1954, and the Handelsanstlldas frbunds pris ("Trade Unions' federal prize") for his book Makt och fattigdom (tr. Power and Poverty). in 1962------7. Albert Olsson of access control entryAlbert Olsson (1904 in Eslv 1994) was a Swedish writer and elementary school teacher. For most of his life he lived in Harplinge in the county of Halland, where he worked as a teacher, after graduating in 1924. He is mostly known for his novel trilogy about the farmer Tore Gudmarsson, published in the early 1940s and set in Halland in the 17th century, during the time when Halland switched hands from Denmark to Sweden.
What Is the Best Camera and Lens for Ultra-macro Photography for a Person Just Starting Out in Selli
What Is the Best Camera and Lens for Ultra-macro Photography for a Person Just Starting Out in Selli
I will add to Joe Pepersacs answer by stating that the 50mm Canon lens is a top performer. You can get there with extension tubes and another macro lens but the 50mm is considered a great lens.Another thing you should consider is that most intense macro work is done with focus stacking. Theres camera software that automates the process making it quicker and easier called Magic Lantern. They have a list of supported cameras (most are Canon models) listed here Magic Lantern Nightly Builds. Heres a tutorial on Focus Stacking · Related Questions Will an adapter consume electricity if it is left idle and unplugged? No, it will not consume electricity as nowadays these adapters are SMPS based. They do not actually operate unless a load is connected to it. So when the cable is unplugged it will not consume any electricity. You can even observe this by feeling the temperature of adapter when it is plugged and unplugged.nEarlier, transformer type adapters were there, which used to consume electricity and heated up even not connected to load (unplugged). But still it was working on no load, so very less consumption. Edit: Yes for being perfect it (SMPS) can consume 0.099% of full load power. Its negligible ------ Should countries like New Zealand and Australia be given back to their original owners, the natives? And then what? Theres 25 million Australians, 97% of whom are not Aboriginal, and most of those who are Aboriginal are 1/16th or less so. What were you planning on doing with all those people? And if you did, then what? Every country has been taken from someone else are you going to give the USA back to the native Americans and Mexicans? The UK to the picts? France to the Gauls? And shouldnt NZ be given to the Mori Oris, who the Maoris ate?Youre 200 years too late for that whats done is done. Nows the time to make the best of it ------ What European car feature should be brought to US cars? There are a number of things that make sense to me:amber indicator lights; no more mistaking indicators for broken brake lights.being able to activate high beams as a short signal by pulling back on them (my old Pontiac doesnu2019t do that, at least).back hatches; simply handy, arenu2019t they, when youu2019re putting bikes or prams or other big things into an otherwise economical car; no need to have a pickup truck then. rear fog lights; very useful for preventing getting rear ended in low visibility conditions.ski bags that load through the centre, rear armrest in sedans ------ What are some responses if a girl says she has a boyfriend? You are over thinking this. Take a breath, say what you want to say, and listen to her response, then reply to it.You will be fine, like you said, is she says yes, great. If its no, okay.Thats all you need to know. You will be at your best, when you are relaxed and genuine. You are not auditioning for a movie. You will do great, just be yourself and listen to her, then just answer accordingly. The last thing you want, is to be over-rehearsed.Just go with the flow ------ Was Ronald Reagan a good president? The Reagan administration had some significant triumphs, so it follows that Reagan was a good president in some areas. Most significantly, the Cold War ended on his watch and although he did not seem to be controlling things, he and his people were certainly able to handle them.His economic legacy was unquestionably bad, but we only learned how bad later on. I cant help feeling the worst of his legacy was the GOP of today. If Reagan had been a bit more of a thinker, the GOP might today be a constructive and respected party ------ What exactly does a 3 phase supply mean? It means this:UK Power is nominally 230V.3 phase power is the same - however, you have 3 live signals, 120 degrees out of phase. hence 3 phase.So, if you measure between two live phases, then you end up taking the difference (voltagepotential difference).And thats how I was able to get a >400V measurement. Now, 3 phase power is very useful. On a balanced load, the sum of all 3 voltages is 0. A balanced load means that theres no current in the neutral wire. It also can create a rotating magnetic field, which is very useful in motors (brushless motors? 3 phase). ------ Why did the Israelis kill the captives after the 1967 war? I think there were instances on both sides where this actually happened during the 1967 war, but it is a very serious offence. Israel tries to stay to the moral high ground but there are indeed cases where crimes were committed. No matter how logical the excuse may sound at the time, it is a very serious crime. The instances where this happened have been documented and are part of the reason why Israelu2019s relationship with Egypt could be better. There is no excuse good enough.War is bad. Both sides lose.nRas Sedr massacre - Wikipedia ------ How do people lose their curiosity? For most people, its because at some point of time someone comes along and feeds them the idea that the most important aspect of their lives is to earn a living. Whatever little curiosity remains after that is effectively eliminated by the education system.Some people however do make money out of curiosity. There are people who get paid to argue about what happens to information falling in black hole, but then no one said that all people lose curiosity with age. Its just the majority of them. The good news is that they make life easier for those doing stuff like arts and sciences ------ Is India the worst country? I do not know about the question writer (i.e. who he/she is and from which country he/she belongs, but using simple logic, there are hundred of worst countries than India. In 1972, while studying Economics, we had read a chapter/definition, India is a rich country inhabited by poor people. This definition, no doubt, is/was right, but still there are so many ignorant people, who do not know, what Worst means. At present, India has progressed a lot after Independence. It could progress more speedily, had the Indian pseudo-secular forces not played their part. ------ Why does everyone want to be an entrepreneur nowadays? Its a fashion statement these days. They sound cool.People have seen photographs of Richard Branson on top of a jumbo jet with two bikini models on either side. These entrepreneurs want a Branson lifestyle.These wantrepreneurs also have read articles on business magazines like Forbes with the heading 30 under 30 and want to get rich before they turn 30. Many believe reading a book on Steve Jobs or sharing his quotes on social media will make them the next Steve Jobs.A lot of people are hoping to be millionaire overnight, until reality strikes them hard ------ The Moon is non luminous body and shines as it reflects sunlight. But it is visible during the night and not in the daytime. Why? The Moon is non luminous body and shines as it reflects sunlight. But it is visible during the night and not in the daytime. Why?Depending on what part of its lunar cycle the moon is on, it is in fact visible during the day as well. It is less noticeable as the ambient light of the sky and sun tend to drown out the light of the moon, the same reason we dont see the stars. But if you look for it, it will often be there, just bright enough to be visible against the blue of the sky ------ Why did Apple remove the backlit logo with the newest MacBooks? Because of Tim Cook. Illuminated logo is difficult to manufacture and not serving any functionality other than good to look at.Steve Jobs gave unusually greater umportantnce for look and feel, and also perfection of a product, which in turn was costing more to produce, and also hindering faster development cycle and delivery schedules. Tim Cook is an expert in logistics overall business management and he changed the perspective. You can see lesser perfection these days in Apple products but faster development and competitiveness in over all product offerings because of his business strategies. Removing Shining logo is one of them. ------ How much harder (if at all) would it be for another Bernie Madoff to pull off a similar scheme today? I am answering this question: "How much harder (if at all) would it be for another Bernie Madoff to pull off a similar scheme today?", in case it is edited or get merged with another question. I don't think it was easy back then either. It took special luck for it to last that long and to reach scale like that. A lot of it had to do with Bernie Madoff's personality (connections, charisma and etc.) So if somebody comes alone with that much evil in the heart, that much connections, that much charisma and that much luck, we will hear about something like that again. ------ What seemingly small on-the-fly changes during filming resulted in a much different film? Jaws. Three mechanical prop sharks were built for the production but they kept breaking down. The delays forced Steven Speilberg to change the script and show as little of the shark as possible. Thus, many of the scenes with the shark only have a hint of the shark. For example, you dont see the shark but it is there because you see the floating barrels headed toward the boat because the shark, underwater and thus offscreen, is dragging the line connected to the barrels.As Spielberg noted later, "The film went from a Japanese Saturday matinee horror flick to more of a Hitchcock, the less-you-see-the-more-you-get thriller." ------ Why did Atal Bihari Vajpayee 'the great mass leader' lose the 2004 election so badly against Sonia Gandhi 'the outsider foreigner'? It's strategy that Congress played. Vajpayee government was so confidence about their remarkable tenure feel good strategy was adopted, instead of reinventing new strategy for winning elections Congress made it's best allies with ground and root level getting favour from regional parties. Caste votes, Religion votes, and region votes made them to win 225 seats and stood largest party in winning and with help of other independent and regional party were able to form government under Prime minister Manmohan Singh. It was minority government UPA United progressive alliance. Too confidence may also make us loose. Not to rely on feel good concept. This is the lesson for politicians. ------ Do you need an emergency kit when you go hiking? Yes, you & others going on a hike, need to have individualized emergency kits or small survival bags. You need something with you regardless if youre going on a short or long hike. You need to be prepared for unexpected situations or emergencies that can/do happen on hikes. For example, fhere was this couple that went on a romantic stroll into the woods for a short hike with nothing with them. They both ended up disoriented /lost for a few days. They were later found dead. With some emergency or survival bag with the right inventory they might have survived. ------ When is being nice not really nice? When you are being one to get your things done.I know a woman in my neighbourhood who asked her in laws to come over and stay with her as she was working and needed someone to look after her kids. But now she doesnt want them to stay because she has left her job and doesnt need them around anymore. This is not nice. If you dont like to stay with them, say the same irrespective of whether you need them or not.Dont be nice just to get your things done from people.Dont manipulate. Thats not nice ------ Who are the African American founding fathers? Anyone that survived slavery is a founding father in my book.Anyone that toiled day in and day out, that suffered the daily inhumanity, to be lashed, raped, beaten and sold so lazy ass slaveowners could get rich off their labor is a founding father.Anyone that watched helplessly as their screaming children were torn from a mothers bosom to go and never know where the children ended up, alive or dead, so America could become fat and rich from tobacco and cotton is a founding father. Anyone who thinks that the slaves were just u201c Servants u201c, is a horse's ass
Which Is the Best Camera for Vlogging and Photography in 2018 Under 800$ (for YouTube)?
Which Is the Best Camera for Vlogging and Photography in 2018 Under 800$ (for YouTube)?
Actually a lot of people get started with their smartphone as their main camera, and purchase a microphone from Amazon. If youu2019re just starting out vlogging donu2019t go crazy with your spending until you really committed to it. If you see other professional vloggers out there, youu2019ll notice most of their videos when they first out arenu2019 the best (but get better over time!)So when you start seeing result then up your game with better gear. Some essential might be:TripodGimbalMicrophoneVariety of Camera lensMake sure when you buy gear you find a good review for each of them. For a tripod I love using JOBY. Itu2019s a little pricey but itu2019s quality tripod that wraps around poles, branches, etc.For a gimbal I recommend the SMOVE Mobile gimbal. This is a decent priced gimbal, and you actually get more out of it than compared to the DJI Osmo Mobile 2. Other gimbals out there charge extra for accessories and the SMOVE comes with a few extra cool items. If you want to read my review on it.click here to read my review on the smove mobile gimbal. As far as a microphone goes, the BOYA mic is great for a smartphone. You just need to use a jack adapter if youu2019re using the iPhone. Itu2019s about $15 and it actually sounds GREAT for what it is. Now when you either use a smartphone or a DSLR itu2019s good to have a few different camera lens. Even for a smartphone, there are companies that have come out with lens that you can attach to your camera on your phone. They sort of work like adapters, but still you can take some cool pics with it. · Suggested Reading The amount of pro-Pahlavi/royalist sentiment in Iran protests surprises me since I don't remember this from the Green Movement. Has it been there all along? Where did it come from? Due to numerous cultural and historical reasons, Asians in general and the more urbanized ones in particular are prone to obeying dictators and worshipping authoritarian rulers.Iranians are one of the more urbanized peoples of Asia which means that they are a post-tribal society. This evolution from egalitarian tribalism to nationhood (as earlier witnessed in countries such as Japan and Western Europe) usually sees the rise of absolutist myth or to put it simply u2018king worshipu2019 on the way. A quick look at Iranian literature and propaganda from the last century clearly indicates that the country is going through a patch similar to pre-world war II Japan or 19th century European nations in their infancy.The greatest heroes of Iranian secularists today will I bet be the likes of Cyrus, Darius, Khusro and Reza Shah the great, whilst religious Iranians also have almost similar or even more puritanical perception of demi-godly figures like the Shia imams and the modern day double K's (Khomeini and Khamenei). Khomeini among his supporters is an almost divine person whose criticism is considered not only politically wrong but celestially sinful. This fascination with a big daddy is I believe a main factor in keeping the grip of Ayatollah Khamenei on power. The general perception is that whether he is benevolent or evil (depending on your political leaning), he is unshakable and kind of necessary.Now those who seriously hate him, because of the overwhelming presence of absolutist aspirations cannot even perceive a democratic takeover of government. Thst is why alot of Iranians are hopelessly looking at probably the most hopeless and powerless of the lot u2018Prince Reza Pahlaviu2019.Otherwise, any sane person knows that never in the history mankind, has a Californicated person ever toppled a theocratic dictatorship ------ Is it fair to say Christianity started off as a cult movement? Possibly, according to a now-archaic definition of the word cult. According to common usage today, however, the word cult points to a new phenomenon which has only existed since the mid-1800s, namely, organizations that employ cult mind control.The question carries a false premise, that religions are essentially cults. This is false because it fails to recognize the differences between cults and other religions, and fails to recognize the non-religious cults. Cults are much more intense.Based upon a study of the real-world phenomenon common usage of the word refers to (not abstract concepts), a cult is an organization that perpetrates cult mind control. Cult mind control involves orchestrated deception, social pressure, psychological abuse, and repetitive indoctrination centering around an unchallengeable ideology enforced in a totalitarian way in a closed separatist community setting. That is what it is. It is nothing else. Dictionaries that differ are offering abstract concepts rather than a study of the real-world phenomenon that has destroyed hundreds of millions of lives, billions if you include political cults.Cults do not turn into religions. Cults are much more intense than other religions, and do not mellow with time. Cults employ cult mind control. Other religions do not. Political cults such as marxist states and self-help cults such as Landmark Education use the same methods as religious cults. Cults are identified by their methods, since that is what they all share in common. They all use the same methods, since there is only one set of methods that works.The only truth at the core of the myth embedded in the question is that most religion in the western hemisphere is fundamentalist, and fundamentalism can reasonably be thought of as cultism lite; however, cultism is not fundamentalism, and not all religion is even fundamentalist. ------ I cannot find any sense in the "flat-Earth" concept. Why do some people believe that the Earth is not a sphere? Because they are not simple like all the common folk, common folk who would think crap would taste good if their teacher told then so at the indoctrination camp starting at the age of 5.Here is some examples of what common man does not know and will not be told or actually believe at the minute: Earths magnetic field does not travel from a south pole to the north pole, because they are the same. The magnetic fields leave the arctic circle (Auroa Borealis) and the southern circle (Australis Borealis) and travel to the tropics where they pass down through the earth and then return back up at oppersit ends of the earth, as in the infinite energy symbol of the snake. Common folk don't even know a dip compass points down in the north and the south. Common folk including science don't realise it is the magnetic force over earth and the field below earth that are the two opposing forces, if we can call them that ? (I wouldn't) , not north and south. What those lying scientists may not won't to tell you is the magnetic field is very strong above Earth but very week when it returns back down through the earth. What those lying Freemasons will not tell you is that Jesus dying on a cross with arms stretched out is a depiction of the earth's ellipse sitting level at the equinox about to go perihelion or aphihelion killing the state of equilibrium/state of level. The two thieves either side of Jesus being the perihelion and aphihelion.If I had time to waist on a common man I would give you 20 more examples. So never assume there is only one version to anything in a world of duality , unless you want to be known as common ------ What's your take on Narendra Modi cleaning Chennai's beach? Modis swachh bharat abhiyan is very superficial and empty. It is only limited to picking plastic bottles and sweeping the surroundings.If PM Modi really wanted a Swachh Bharat , in these 5 plus years of his rule he would have helped implement technology and infrastructure required in the area of waste management. In these 5 years of swachh abhiyan our country is still not equipped with effective and adequate waste infrastructure and waste dumping.There are no improvements in waste collection and transport infrastructure. There is a need to develop facilities to treat and dispose of increasing amounts of waste. New technologies have to be adopted and developing infrastructure for collection, storage, segregation, transportation, processing and disposal of waste is required.Unfortunately, India still has many hundreds of thousands of waste pickers depending on waste for an income who risk their health and live in pathetic conditions.There is a lack of engineered landfills and waste-to-energy facilities. India faces challenges related to waste policy, waste technology selection and the availability of appropriately trained people in the waste management sector. Until these fundamental requirements are met, India will continue to suffer from poor waste management and the associated impacts on public health and the environment.Sadly, the present government is not doing much in this area. Modi is working only on developing his self-image.Because of the governments apathy, waste dumps are created near people dwelling areas.Financing for waste management companies and funding for infrastructure must be provided. State-level procurement of equipment and vehicles is necessary for effective systems for monitoring collection, transport, and disposal.The Swatchata Doot Aplya Dari (sanitary worker at your doorstep) scheme of the Centre for Development Communication was selected as an example of good practice by UN HABITAT in 2007.No such initiatives from the Modi government. source:Challenges and opportunities associated with waste management in India ------ When will Bremain give up? The Tories MPs mostly voted against. So dont count them as on the Brexit side.None of the Brexiteers who brought this on, won power, a remainer became PM.Youll notice that Article 50 has not been invoked, and does not look like being invoked in the current parliament. The plan to kick out immigrants has not gone into place. The idea of a points-based immigration system has been rejected. The plans to redirect EU fees to the NHS have been shot down in flames. As victories go, it isnt going so well is it? Leaving the EU is a bit like having to negotiate our own surrender. No one is super enthusiastic about it.Meanwhile, the UK has lost its credit rating. The pound has collapsed, UK share prices, when valued in currencies which have not collapsed are way down. A number of industries are making unhappy noises. The UK scientific community is furious. A number of major economic indicators are dire. Because business does not like uncertainty. The government has been forced to shelve those Cameron/Osborne austerity plans which caused Brexit in the first place. So the national debt has doubled and will be heading skywards again.If hard Brexit should happen, Scotland will leave, causing a break up of the union. So the most likely outcome is the EEA deal, which would mean identical costs, identical free movement, just a loss of voting rights. So exactly the same, except zero influence.So if we were to put this to a voteA majority would pick EEA over hard Brexit. (essential, because we depend on exporting services)And get this - a majority prefer Full EU Membership over EEA. (because voting is better than not)Or to put it another way. Did the Euroskeptics give up after 1974?.
Knowledge Related to the Home Front
Knowledge Related to the Home Front
The Home Front may refer to: The Home Front (1940 film), a 1940 Canadian documentary short "The Home Front" (The 4400), an episode of The 4400 The Home Front, a 1943 animated short in the Private Snafu series The Home Front, a 1932 book by Sylvia Pankhurst The Home Front, a band from Manchester · Other Related Knowledge of Front & Inside View Camera Battle of Front & Inside View Camera On the morning of 1 September 1917, after a three-hour artillery bombardment, the Germans launched the assault and began the construction of three wooden pontoon bridges over the river Daugava near Ikile. 1159 German artillery guns fully suppressed 66 opposing Russian guns. Artillery fire forced Russian 186th Division to withdraw from the right bank of the Daugava, thus allowing the Germans to successfully cross the river. The commander of the Russian 12th Army, General Parsky, ordered the XLIII Army corps to counterattack the German bridgehead and deployed for this task four infantry divisions as well as the 2nd Latvian Rifleman Brigade. The Russian force, including the Latvian brigade, received orders in the afternoon of 1 September and started to move from Ropai against the Germans. The 5th Zemgale Latvian Riflemen Regiment reached fortified German positions along the river Jugla in the late afternoon. After heavy shelling at midday of 2 September by German artillery, the German attack against Latvian Rifleman positions started. Intense fighting started along the entire 14 km front line of the bridgehead. The Germans used aviation, flame throwers and gas attacks but despite this, the Latvian Riflemen managed to hold back the German advance for 26 hours. This allowed the 12th Russian Army (including 1st Latvian Rifleman Brigade which still was in the Trelis swamp positions near Olaine) to safely withdraw from Riga. In the morning of 3 September, the Latvian units were ordered to retreat and they took up new defensive positions near Sigulda and Csis. ------ Variations of Front & Inside View Camera Generally, because basic Dark chess rules are universal with respect to its "parent" classical variant, any 2-player chess variant may be played "in dark". SchemingMind provides some of the variations. Dark chess (checkmate)  standard rules of check apply (a player is notified when its king is in check, and the king cannot move into check). The goal in this variation is the same as in standard chess  to checkmate the king. Dark chess (check)  a player is notified when the king is in check, but the king can remain in check after a move. The goal in this variation is the same as in standard dark chess  to capture the king. Dark crazyhouse  combination of crazyhouse and dark chess. Dark suicide  combination of suicide and dark chess. Sun Tzu chess  combination of Double Fischer Random Chess (like Chess960, but with different positions for White and Black), crazyhouse and dark chess. Pieces can be dropped onto any possible square on the board (like crazyhouse). This chess variant was invented in 2005 by John Kipling Lewis. Lao Tzu chess  like Sun Tzu, but pieces can only be dropped on seen squares. Also invented in 2005 by John Kipling Lewis. Dark Omega chess  combination of Omega Chess and dark chess. Dark Seirawan chess  combination of Seirawan chess and dark chess. ------ Description of Front & Inside View Camera The Tulja Lena caves lie in a hill about a mile and a half or two miles north-west from Junnar, beyond the north end of Sivaneri hill. They are so named, because one of them has been appropriated by the modern Brahmans as a shrine of Tulja Devi, a form of Bhavani, the consort of Shiva (see Tulja Bhavani Temple). The caves run along the face of the cliff nearly from south-east to north-west, facing about south-west, but all the faades have fallen away. They consist of a number of cells and two small viharas, with a Chaitya cave of a form quite unique. It is circular in plan, 25 feet 6 inches across, with a dagoba in the centre, 8 feet 2 inches in diameter, surrounded by twelve plain octagonal shafts 11 feet in height, supporting a dome over the dagoba. The surrounding aisle is roofed by a half arch rising from the wall to the upper side of an architrave 7 or 8 inches deep over the pillars. The dagoba is perfectly plain, but its capital has been hewn off to convert it into a huge linga of Shiva, and even the dome is much hacked into, while some of the pillars have been notched and others broken. In front of this cave and the one on each side of it is a platform built by the modern devotes of Tulja Devi. Over the front of one of the cells to the north-east of this are left some Chaitya-window ornamentation, a larger one over where the door has been, the inner arch of which is filled with knotted ribbons etc., similar to what is over the Chaitya-cave door at the Nasik Caves, while the front of the arch is carved with flowers. On each side of this is a smaller arch; and farther to the left is a dagoba in half relief with the umbrella or chhatri over it, on each side a Gandharva or Kinnara above, and a male figure below, that to the right attended by a female, but all of them weatherworn. Over all is a projecting frieze carved on front with the "Buddhist rail pattern". Next to these are two more plain fronts, and then two with Chaitya-window heads over where the doors have been, and smaller ones between, and the "rail ornament" and quadrantal carved roll supported by slender brackets in entire relief, as at the Bhaja Caves. ------ Ulnar branch of Front & Inside View Camera The ulnar branch (ramus ulnaris; posterior branch) passes obliquely downward on the medial side of the basilic vein, in front of the medial epicondyle of the humerus, to the back of the forearm, and descends on its ulnar side as far as the wrist, distributing filaments to the skin. It communicates with the medial brachial cutaneous, the dorsal antebrachial cutaneous branch of the radial, and the dorsal branch of the ulnar. ------ Alliances and parties of Front & Inside View Camera UDF is a Kerala legislative alliance aligned with the UPA at the national level and the LDF comprises primarily of CPI(M) and the CPI, forming the Left Front in the national level. National Democratic Alliance (NDA), led by Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) contested in 19 seats. United Democratic FrontLeft Democratic FrontNational Democratic Alliance ------ Gallery of Front & Inside View Camera Equestrian statue of King Chulalongkorn and Royal Plaza in front of Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall Uthong Nai Road beside Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall Wisukam Narueman Bridge, crossing Khlong Phadung Krung Kasem linking Phara Nakhon and Dusit Districts Chamai Maruchet Bridge, crossing Khlong Prem Prachakon in front of Government House Wat Benchamabophit or Marble Temple Sanam Sua Pa, beside Royal Plaza, Bureau of the Royal Household office National Library of Thailand, Sam Sen Road Veterinary hospital on Rama V Road opposite Chitralada Royal Villa Ministry of Education Vajira Hospital, public hospital Sappaya-Sapasathan the new national legislative building ------ Political activity of Front & Inside View Camera Rondn served in the Colorado Party beginning in adolescence. During the 1960s she was the secretary of the deputies Luis Bernardo Pozzolo es and Julio Mara Sanguinetti (who was later twice president of the Republic). During the civic-military dictatorship, she was kidnapped and detained in a military unit. She was elected as an alternate official on several occasions, first in 1984, for the department of Montevideo. In the 1999 elections in which Jorge Batlle captured the Presidency of the Republic, Rondn was elected deputy for Lista 15 es, holding the position of vice president of the Chamber of Deputies for the term 20002005, and coming to occupy the ownership of the presidency of the Chamber. She has always stood out as a fighter for women's rights; along with fellow deputies Beatriz Argimn, Luca Topolansky, and Margarita Percovich, she constituted the so-called "Women's Bank", composed of women from all parties. She was part of the Equity and Gender Commission, which she chaired in 2001. In the 2005 municipal elections she headed the list of candidates of Lista 15 to the departmental board of Montevideo, being comfortably elected. That year she was elected to the national executive committee of the Colorado Party (CEN). In 2009 she supported the presidential candidacy of Jos Amorn Batlle in the sector Batllismo Siglo XXI with the group "Contra viento & marea", obtaining a place in the National Convention of the Party. For the second round, Rondn said that, against her party's recommendion, she would not vote for candidate Luis Alberto Lacalle of the National Party, but she would for the Broad Front candidate, Jos Mujica. She did not support any candidate in the municipal elections of May 2010. On 20 June 2010, Rondn announced her move to the Broad Front, along with a Batllist column led by her. Rondn worked as an advisor on gender and equity issues, and is currently director of the centers of the country's Ministry of Education and Culture.
Knowledge Related to Front Row
Knowledge Related to Front Row
Front Row may refer to: Front Row (software), media center software for Apple's Mac computers Front Row (radio programme), a British arts programme broadcast on BBC Radio 4 Front Row (TV program), a Philippine documentary television program broadcast on GMA Network Front Row Channel, an international digital channel Front Row (album), a 1982 album by David Meece "Front Row", an Alanis Morissette song from her 1998 album Supposed Former Infatuation Junkie In rugby football (both league and union, the three-man formation at the front of the scrum, or the players in those positions. · Other Related Knowledge of Front & Inside View Camera Progress of the operations of Front & Inside View Camera Actions of the Shorin groupOn 14 August, the troops of the Shorin group, with the support of the Volga detachment of the Volga-Kama flotilla16 boats, five cannodoks, one floating batterylaunched an offensive against the Don Army and the Caucasian Army, which numbered 12,300 bayonets, 21,900 sabers, 93 guns, and 249 machine guns. The troops of the 10th Army in cooperation with the Cavalry corps of Budyonny conducted an offensive against Kamyshin and Tsaritsyn, while the 9th Army attacked Ust-Khopyorskaya. By the end of August, the Cavalry corps of Budyonny had defeated General Sutulov's Cossack Division and together with the 10th Army struck a blow against the White troops in the village of Serebryakovo-Zelenovskaya, capturing four armored trains. In early September, heavy fighting for Tsaritsyn unfolded. On 58 September, the troops of the 10th Army and units of the Cavalry Corps of the Budenny continued to attack. Under strong White fire, they stormed several times the trenches and wire fences, but due to heavy losses were forced to stop the offensive. On 9 September, White troops launched an offensive by large infantry and cavalry forces with the support of 12 batteries, armored cars and tanks against the 10th Army, and in the course of fierce fighting in several sectors forced parts of the 10th Army to retreat. By 11 September, active fighting around Tsaritsyn stopped. The command of the Southern Front decided to withdraw the Cavalry corps of Budenny from the 10th Army, in order to send him to Novokhopersk against Mamontov's Cavalry corps. At the same time, the commander of a newly formed cavalry corps, Filipp Mironov, decided independently to march to the front against the troops of Denikin. This step was seen as rebellion, and the forces of the Cavalry corps of the Budyonny were sent to suppress it. On 13 August, Mironov was arrested, and his 500 men were disarmed. The offensive of the Ninth Army developed slowly because of the stubborn resistance of the Don Army. Only by 21 August, the 9th Army troops achieved a breakthrough and began to encroach upon parts of rivers Khopyor and Don. On 12 September, the troops of the Ninth Army crossed the Khopyor River and managed to advance 150 to 180 kilometers (93 to 112 mi). Further advance down the Don Bend failed. Selivachev groupOn 15 August, Selivachev's group launched an offensive against a part of the Don Army and the right wing of the Volunteer Army, which numbered 20,500 bayonets, 9,200 sabers, 69 guns, and 208 machine guns. The main blow was inflicted by the Strike group3rd and 42nd infantry divisions and cavalry brigade of the 13th Army, 12th, 15th, 16th, and 13th infantry divisions of the 8th Armyat the junction of the Don and Volunteer armies. The remaining divisions moved in echelons and covered the flanks. The White troops had a strong right flank and an extended center. By 27 August, the troops of the left flank of the Selivachev group had advanced 60 kilometers (37 mi), occupying Novy Oskol, Biryuch and Valuyki. On the right flank they advanced to Belgorod. In the center, after advancing 150 kilometers (93 mi), they approached Kupiansk, and came within 40 kilometers (25 mi) from Kharkov. By 1 September, the group's troops reached the line of VolchanskKupianskValuykiPodgornoy station  north of Rossosh. However, the offensive of the Selivachev group happened without interaction with the Shorin group, along divergent lines, with put the Red troops at a disadvantage. Furthermore, the Mamontov group operated in the rear, breaking up communications and logistic support to both groups. The White Army concentrated large forces on the flanks of the Selivachev group and on 26 August, went on the offensive. From the Belgorod area to Koroch and Novy Oskol, two divisions of the 1st Army Corps under Alexander Kutepov, and the 3rd Kuban Cavalry under General Shkuro, attacked. From the Karpenkov districtKrasnoe, Samoteevka, Biryuchthe 8th Plastun and 2nd Don divisions struck. With these attacks, the White Army tried to surround the main forces of Selivachev's group and defeat them. The Red troops stubbornly defended themselves by the flanks of the 12th and 42nd Infantry Divisions, and by 15 September, retreated to the Seym River, southwest of Stary Oskol and north of Novy Oskol. The 14th Army, in order to assist the Selivachev group, attempted to launch an offensive by crossing the Seym River, but did not achieve success and retreated. ------ World War II of Front & Inside View Camera "Charlie" Gratz was posted in autumn 1941 to 8. Staffel (8th squadron) of Jagdgeschwader 52 (JG 528th squadron of the 52nd Fighter Wing), a squadron of III. Gruppe (3rd group), on the Eastern Front.Note 1 In January 1942, III. Gruppe was ordered to move from Taganrog to an airfield at Kharkov and was subordinated to IV. Fliegerkorps. At the time, the Gruppe was the only fighter unit operating on the left flank of Army Group South, covering the airspace from Belgorod in the north to the Donets Basin in the south, and was equipped with Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4. On 18 January, Soviet forces launched the BarvenkovoLozovaya Offensive which created the Izium salient. On 15 February, III. Gruppe flew missions in the vicinity of Belgorod and Prokhorovka, over the front lines of the 6th Army. That day, Gratz claimed his first two aerial victories, a Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3 fighter which at the time was referred to as an I-61, and an Ilyushin Il-2 ground-attack aircraft. On 12 May, German forces launched Operation Fredericus, also referred to as the Second Battle of Kharkov, with the objective to eliminate the Izium bridgehead over Seversky Donets. That day, III. Gruppe was moved to the Charkow-Rogan airfield, southeast of Kharkov, and subordinated to the Stab (headquarters unit) of JG 52. On 13 May, III. Gruppe flew combat missions east and southeast of Kharkov. During the day, the Gruppe claimed 42 aerial victories, including three Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 fighters by Gratz. The following day, III. Gruppe predominantly flew fighter escort missions for Junkers Ju 87 dive bombers from VIII. Fliegerkorps attacking Soviet ground forces on the northern pincer, and claimed 52 aerial victories for the loss of one aircraft damaged. That day, Graz became an "ace-in-a-day" for the first time when he shot down two Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-3 and seven MiG-1 fighters, taking his total to 27 aerial victories. During the following days, III. Gruppe continued to fly missions in support of the Army. Gratz claimed two Polikarpov I-16 fighters on 15 May, a single MiG-1 on 16 May, two further MiG-1s on 17 May, and yet another MiG-1 fighter on 18 May. On 20 May, III. Gruppe moved to an airfield at Barwenkowa, approximately 40 kilometres (25 miles) south-southwest of Izium. By the end of May 24, Soviet forces opposite Kharkov had been surrounded by German formations, over the next days, Soviet forces attempt to break the encirclement. During this combat, Gratz claimed four aerial victories on 26 May over two LaGG-3s and two MiG-1s. The next day, he added three further aerial victories to his tally over a LaGG-3 and two MiG-1s. On 29 May, his total reached 42 aerial victories when shot down an I-16 and yet another MiG-1. He received the Honor Goblet of the Luftwaffe (Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe) on 8 June 1942. He and Oberfeldwebel Karl Steffen received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) on 1 July 1942. The presentation was made by Major Hubertus von Bonin. By late 1942 29 more victories had been claimed. On the Western FrontAfter a spell instructing, Gratz was posted in March 1943 to 11. Staffel (11th squadron) of Jagdgeschwader 2 "Richthofen" (JG 22nd Fighter Wing) on the English channel front. The 11. Staffel was an additional 4th squadron of I. Gruppe of JG 2 which was based at Triquerville and equipped with the Bf 109 G-3. On 1 October 1943, the squadron was renumbered and from then on was known as 4. Staffel of JG 2. On 12 March, Gratz claimed his first aerial victory on the Western Front when he shot down a Supermarine Spitfire fighter 30 km (19 mi) northwest of Fcamp. Fighter Command suffered only one casualty in combat that day. A Spitfire IX, BS548, flown by Captain O Massart of No. 340 Squadron RAF was severely damaged in battle with a Fw 190 belonging to JG 2. The pilot returned unhurt. Massart formed part of a Ramrod patrol to Rouen. On 4 April, he claimed two further Spitfires destroyed in combat 80 km (50 mi) north of Caen. Fighter Command lost ten pilots killed, one captured while two evaded capture with help from the French resistance. JG 26 claimed five, JG 2 claimed six and one fell in combat with JG 1. No. 129 Squadron RAF is known to have engaged JG 2 over the English Channel while on a Roadstead operation. JG 2 claimed two of their number. The only casualty was Flight Sergeant A J Symonds. His body was recovered by a Supermarine Walrus. The following day Gratz claimed a victory near Ostend. Fighter Command carried out two Ramrod operations in the morning and one in the afternoon, losing three fighters in total. 129 Squadron's Sergeant J S Hetherington, in Spitfire AR527, was killed in action with JG 2 on a sweep from Venturas to Landunvez. No. 332 Squadron RAF lost Spitfire ES291 and the pilot Sergeant S N Larssen killed on Ramrod 52 to Haamstede. In the afternoon, another Ramrod to Landunvez killed No. 616 Squadron RAF Flight Lieutenant P B Wright DFC in Spitfire BS465. Gratz received the German Cross in Gold (Deutsches Kreuz in Gold) on 8 June 1943. On 16 August, the Eighth Air Force of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) targeted the Le Bourget airfield near Paris with a large formation of Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress escorted by a number of Republic P-47 Thunderbolt escort fighters. In defense of this attack, I. Gruppe of JG 2 claimed three B-17s and one P-47 shot down for the loss of five pilots killed in action. In this ecounter, Gratz was credited with the destruction of one B-17 shot down 9 km (5.6 mi) southeast of Brtigny. On the Eastern FrontIn March 1944 Gratz returned to JG 52. That month, Gratz was credited with his 100th aerial victory. He was the 64th Luftwaffe pilot to achieve the century mark. and in January 1945 became Staffelkapitn (squadron leader), 10./JG 52. In the last weeks of the war Gratz was particularly successful and claimed 18 victories. After the surrender he was delivered by US military to the Soviet authorities and remained in captivity until 1949.
Knowledge Related to Front Comtois
Knowledge Related to Front Comtois
The Front Comtois is a French small political group, located in France, in the region Franche-Comt. Its ideologies include racism, islamophobia, antisemitism, historical revisionism, homophobia, opposition to the legalization of abortion and neo-nazism. It was created in 2008. Members degraded a mosque with blood and a pig's head and racist inscriptions. Now Front Comtois has between 30 and 100 members, and often demonstrate in Montbliard, Belfort and Besanon and many other small cities. The organisation was condemned and fined in 2011 for incitement to racial and religious hatred, at 6400 euros of penalty. · Other Related Knowledge of Front & Inside View Camera Performance in elections of Front & Inside View Camera Loksabha election, 2009The Congress high command had worked out an alliance with the Trinamool Congress for the 2009 Loksabha polls as a result of which the state leadership of the Congress had to accept the seat-sharing deal with the AITC on Mamata Banerjee's terms. The AITC offered 14 of the 42 seats in West Bengal for the Congress to contest, and that included several Left Front bastions for decades like Arambagh, Jhargram, Bankura and Bolpur. But the leaders eventually had to accept the "humiliating" offer for the sake of the alliance. The Congress fought 'bravely' in the Loksabha election and retained all its fortresses such as Jangipur, Baharampur, Murshidabad, Malda North, Malda South and Raiganj, but it could not open its account in the rest of South Bengal where its contested only "unwinnable" seats which the Left Front retained. Before the election, the Congress had 6 MPs from West Bengal and it remained with six even after the election. On the other hand, the AITC, with only one MP, went up to 19, thanks to the alliance. Overall as an alliance, the AITC-INC-SUCI combined crushed the then-ruling Left Front which won 15 seats as opposed to the alliance's 26. Municipal election, 2010Elections to 81 municipalities in West Bengal took place in the year 2010. Again the AITC offered very few seats to the Congress. But the municipal election being a localized one, the state leadership officially decided to go it alone in the election but left it to the local leadership of the party to decide whether to go for unofficial seat adjustments with the AITC at the local level. This election was seen as a "do or die" for the state Congress to prove its independent existence in the state and also the fact that it could win on its own. Jalpaiguri divisionThe Congress performed very well in the Cooch Behar municipality by winning eight seats but it could not open its account in Tufanganj, Mathabhanga and Dinhata municipalities. It won 16 of the 25 seats Jalpaiguri municipality. Malda divisionThe Congress improved its performance and won the Englishbazaar municipality with support from the AITC but in Old Malda municipality it could win only in 6 seats while the Left Front won 12. It also won the Beldanga, Murshidabad and Kandi municipalities and missed Dhulian by just one seat. But it could not manage victory at Jangipur and Jiaganj-Azimganj municipalities. Presidency divisionIt retained Santipur and Birnagar municipalities but lost Ranaghat. It also won a few seats in Nabadwip and Kalyani. INC performed quite well and required support of AITC to form the municipal boards. In Kolkata, it secured as many as 10 seats. INC emerged as the single largest party in Jaynagar-Majilpur municipality and formed the board with external support. But it failed to win any seat in Ashoknagar-Kalyangarh, Kamarhati, Khardaha and Bidhannagar, Baruipur, Bally, Gayeshpur, Taherpur, Baranagar, Titagarh, New Barrackpur, Kanchrapara, Garulia, Taki and Bongaon Burdwan divisionThe Congress formed the municipal board in Rishra by emerging as the single largest party and the AITC required the Congress's support to control Sreerampur, Champdani and Konnagar. Though the Congress won substantial seats in Bansebria, Bhadreswar, Baidyabati and Hooghly-Chinsura it was blanked out in Chandannagar, Uttarpara-Kotrung, Tarakeswar and Arambagh. The Congress won all 19 seats and won Katwa municipality and emerged as the single largest party in Dainhat. The AITC required the support of 5 Congress councillors to form the board at Kalna. The Congress also won an impressive number of seats in Memari and opened its account in Jamuria, but it remained a negligible force in Raniganj. The Congress won an impressive 8 and 6 seats in Bolpur and Suri respectively and it secured 4 in Rampurhat. Medinipur divisionINC won 2 seats in Tamluk municipality but could not win any seat in Kanthi. Also performed well in Ghatal, Kharagpur and Ramjibanpur where it formed the boards along with the AITC. But it could not make its presence be felt in Kharar, Khirpai and Chandrakona. The Congress secured 8 seats in Purulia municipality and gained control of it along with the AITC but it could not snatch Jhalda from the Left. It also won a seat in Raghunathpur. The Congress won 5 seats in Bankura, but it drew a blank in Sonamukhi and lost control of Bishnupur. Overall, the Congress won 330 (18.4%) of the 1791 wards that went to polls in the year 2010. This was indeed an impressive result for the party, as it had fought alone - without the AITC. Assembly election, 2011This time also, an "illogical and humiliating" offer of 65 of the 294 assembly seats had to be accepted by the state Congress as the high command wanted the AITC-INC alliance to remain intact. The Congress performed well by winning 42 of the 65 seats with excellent results from Malda and Murshidabad districts and pockets of North and South Bengal. It joined the Mamata Banerjee-led government and had two Cabinet ministers and 5 Ministers of State representing the party before withdrawing support from the state government . Municipal election, 2012Municipal elections to Dhupguri, Durgapur, Haldia, Panskura, Nalhati and Coopers' Camp were held in 2012. The Congress fought independently and field candidates in 105 of the 129 wards for which elections were held. The Congress could not win any seat in Dhupguri, Haldia and Panskura municipalities. It won a seat in Durgapur Municipal Corporation. In Nalhati (from where Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee's son Abhijit is elected to the assembly), the party managed three of the 15 seats. But the party received a shot in the arm when it registered a victory in Coopers' Camp winning 11 of the 12 seats. The AITC won one. ------ World War II of Front & Inside View Camera World War II in Europe began on Friday 1 September 1939 when German forces invaded Poland. Brndle received the Iron Cross 2nd Class (Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse) on 20 April 1940. He claimed his first aerial victory on 10 May 1940 during the Battle of France, shooting down an Arme de l'Air (French Air Force) Morane-Saulnier M.S.406 south of Sedan. In total Brndle claimed two victories over France before he was wounded on 26 May 1940. During takeoff on a maintenance test flight he crashed into a Dornier Do 17 injuring himself in the head. He spent the next few weeks in the military hospital at Heidelberg. After recovering from the hospital, Brndle claimed his second victory during the Battle of Britain over the Royal Air Force (RAF) on 11 August 1940. On 26 August 1940, he was tasked with the leadership of 5. Staffel (5th Squadron) of JG 53. Following his fourth aerial victory, he was awarded the Iron Cross 1st Class (Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse) on 3 September 1940. He was officially appointed Staffelkapitn (squadron leader) of 5. Staffel on 15 September 1940. On 11 November 1940, he claimed his 6th and 7th aerial victories and was awarded the Front Flying Clasp of the Luftwaffe for Fighter Pilots (Frontflugspange fr Jagdflieger) in Silver on 5 May 1941 and in Gold on 7 June 1941. The bulk of the Geschwader's air elements were moved via Jever, in northern Germany, to Mannheim-Sandhofen on 8 June 1941. There the aircraft were given a maintenance overhaul prior to moving east. The II. Gruppe was transferred to Neusiedel in East Prussia, present-day Malomoaiskoj in Kaliningrad Oblast in Russia, between 1214 June. On 22 June the Geschwader crossed into Soviet airspace in support of Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union which opened the Eastern Front. There, Brndle claimed further victories and by the end of October 1941 was credited with 28 aerial victories. Brndle's unit was then relocated to the Western Front again in October 1941 where it was based at Leeuwarden in the Netherlands before it was moved to the Mediterranean theater in December 1941. Based at Comiso airfield, Brndle flew combat missions against the RAF during the Siege of Malta. There he was awarded the German Cross in Gold (Deutsches Kreuz in Gold) on 25 February 1942 and four days later, on 1 March, he was promoted to Hauptmann (captain). Group commanderOn 1 May 1942, Brndle was appointed Gruppenkommandeur (group commander) of II. Gruppe of Jagdgeschwader 3 "Udet" (JG 33rd Fighter Wing), named after the World War I fighter ace Ernst Udet. Its former Gruppenkommandeur, Hauptmann Karl-Heinz Krahl, had been killed in action over Malta on 14 April 1942. At the time, the Gruppe was stationed at Plze for rest and refit before it was relocated to the Eastern Front on 18 May 1942. Too late to participate in the Battle of the Kerch Peninsula, it was located on the left wing of Army Group South, assigned to an airfield at Chuguyev in the Kharkov area. Brndle scored the Gruppe's first victory after the relocation, claiming a Polikarpov R-5 reconnaissance bomber aircraft at 3:49 am on 20 May 1942. By this date, Brndle had accumulated 36 victories. He was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) on 1 July 1942 for 49 aerial victories. On this day, he claimed his 53rd aerial victory, after he shot down an Ilyushin Il-2 "Sturmovik". Brndle often claimed multiple victories per day, three victories on 8 July 1942 took his tally to 58 and further three claims made on 10 July took his score to 61. On 16 July 1942 he filed four claims, numbers 6467. He became an "ace-in-a-day" for the first time on 26 July 1942 when he shot down five enemy aircraft, aerial victories 7377, and again five on 7 August 1942, 89 in total. In July and August 1942, he claimed 50 aerial victories in the southern sector of the Eastern Front, among them his 100th to 102nd victory on 23 August 1942. He was the 17th Luftwaffe pilot to achieve the century mark. For this achievement he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub) on 27 August 1942, the 114th officer or soldier of the Wehrmacht so honored. The presentation was made by Adolf Hitler personally. Brndle was promoted to Major on 1 March 1943. On 29 April 1943, he claimed his 135th to 138th aerial victories. On 5 July 1943, the first day of the Battle of Kursk (Unternehmen Zitadelle), he claimed five victories taking his total to 151. His II. Gruppe claimed 77 aircraft shot down on 12 July which included its 2,000 aerial victory of the war. Defense of the Reich and deathIn early August 1943, Brndle's II. Gruppe was withdrawn from the Eastern Front for service in Defense of the Reich on the Western Front. The Gruppe spent one-month training in northern Germany before they arrived at the Schiphol airfield near Amsterdam in the Netherlands on 12 September. On 3 November 1943, Brndle shot down two Republic P-47 Thunderbolts fighters escorting a formation of Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses on a mission targeting Wilhelmshaven. Later that day, he was killed in action west of Amsterdam in the Netherlands. Following an attack by a group of Martin B-26 Marauders on Schiphol airfield, II. Gruppe scrambled to counter the attack. It is assumed that he was shot down in his Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6 (Werknummer 26058factory number) by Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) fighters under the command of Wing Commander Lloyd Chadburn. His body was later washed ashore near Zandvoort on 30 December 1943 and was buried at the Heroes Cemetery in Amsterdam (field 74, grave 405) one day later. His remains were moved in January 1944 before they were reinterred for a last time on 2 December 1947, this time at the cemetery Ysselsteyn (block CW, row 1, grave 25).
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