Knowledge Related to Knox College, Toronto

Knox College is a postgraduate theological college of the University of Toronto in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It was founded in 1844 as part of a schism movement in the Church of Scotland following the Disruption of 1843. Knox is affiliated with the Presbyterian Church in Canada and confers doctoral degrees as a member school of the Toronto School of Theology.

Knowledge Related to Knox College, Toronto 1

· Other Related Knowledge of Front & Inside View Camera

Campus and architecture of Front & Inside View Camera

Knox college provides a number of facilities to the University of Toronto community, including Knox College Chapel. The chapel is noted for its Hellmuth Wolff organ. The chapel has a large south-facing window that is largely unobstructed by other buildings.

As a result, natural sunlight streams in through the window. The glass is such that it softens the light to some degree, but without taking away its directionality. Seating is provided by two rows of pews on either side of the central aisle.

There is a front piece in front of the frontmost pews for hymn books of those at the front of the congregation. Chancel organThis organ was built in 1915 by Casavant and is original to the building. It is split between two chambers at the front of the room and consists of 26 stops and 24 ranks.

The console was replaced in 1959, and in 1974 a four-rank mixture was added to the Great. It has Ventil chests and electro-pneumatic action. Gallery organIn 1991, a second, 32-stop, three-manual instrument was added in a new rear gallery.

Knowledge Related to Knox College, Toronto 2

(photo) (photo) It is an historically oriented organ in the North German baroque style, built as Opus 33 by Wolff & Associs of Laval, Quebec. The pipework is modelled on the Johan Niclas Cahman organ at Leufsta Bruk, Sweden from 1726/28. The case, though, is a modern interpretation of north-European style that does not refer to any particular historic instrument.

The key action and stop action are both mechanical. The two bellows can be pumped either by foot or with an electric blower. Notably, the Wolff organ is tuned to a modified fifth comma meantone temperament devised by Harald Vogel following 17th-century Swedish theorists.

This same tuning has been used for the Arp Schnitger organ in Norden, Germany.


Academics of Front & Inside View Camera

Knox College is a wholly postgraduate institution, conferring four master's degrees and two doctorate degrees. It administers both academic programs for the general-interest study of theology and professional programs.

The basic degree program comprises the degrees of Master of Divinity, Master of Pastoral Studies, Master of Theological Studies and Master of Religious Education. The advanced degrees of Master of Arts in Theology, Master of Theology, Doctor of Philosophy in Theological Studies and Doctor of Ministry are awarded conjointly with the University of Toronto. Certificate in Theological Studies (C.

T.S) Master of Divinity (M.Div.

) Master of Pastoral Studies (M.P.S.

) Master of Theological Studies (M.T.S.

) Master of Arts in Theology (M.A.Th.

) Master of Theology (Th.M.) Doctor of Philosophy in Theological Studies (Ph.


) Doctor of Ministry (D.Min.)


Principals of Front & Inside View Camera

Michael Willis (18571870) William Caven (18731904) William MacLaren (19041909) Alfred Gandier (19091925; became principal of Emmanuel College) Thomas Eakin (19261940) Walter W.

Bryden (19451952) Stanley Glen (19521976) Allan Farris (19761977 death) J. Charles Hay (19781985) Donald J. M.

Corbett (19851990) Arthur Van Seters (19921999) J. Dorcas Gordon (19992017) John A. Vissers (2017-)A number of faculty have served as Acting Principal during vacancies and sabbaticals.

The convener of the Board of Governors of Knox College is Peter Ross.


History of Front & Inside View Camera

Controversy arising from the issue of state control in the Church of Scotland led to the Disruption of 1843 and the establishment of the Free Church of Scotland. In response, several Presbyterian ministers and congregations within the Canadian synod of the Church of Scotland switched their affiliation to the new denomination.

Queen's College, a Presbyterian seminary in Kingston, decided in 1844 to remain affiliated with the Church of Scotland, prompting some of its students to defect and establish Knox College in Toronto. Named for Scottish Reformation theologian John Knox, the new college became affiliated with the Free Church. The first class included 14 students and took place on November 5, 1844, in the home of Rev.

Henry Esson on James Street, at the present site of Toronto Eaton Centre. For the next two years, Knox College transitioned to larger buildings acquired at Adelaide Street and later Front Street, at the present site of the Fairmont Royal York Hotel. Scottish minister Rev.

Dr. Michael Willis, the founding president of the Anti-Slavery Society of Canada (1851), became the first principal of the college in 1857. Willis came to Toronto in 1846 from St.

John's Renfield Church, Glasgow, where he followed Thomas Chalmers and took part in the Disruption of 1843. Knox was formally granted its charter from the colonial government in 1858, thereby possessing the authority to confer academic degrees. In 1861, the Canada Presbyterian Church was created from the union of the Canadian synods of the Free Church of Scotland with the United Presbyterian Church of Scotland.

Knox College absorbed the existing United Presbyterian Church theological college that was founded in London, Canada West in 1844. In 1867, Knox College assisted the establishment of The Presbyterian College, Montreal, as the second theological college affiliated with the Canadian Presbyterian Church. Knox College donated some of the books from its library collection, and several Knox alumni served as faculty of The Presbyterian College.

In 1875, Knox College moved to a new Gothic-revival building at 1 Spadina Crescent, and operated as the main seminary for the newly formed Presbyterian Church in Canada. Towards the end of the century, Knox began encouraging its students to attend non-divinity studies at the nearby University College of the University of Toronto. Knox College entered formal affiliation with the University of Toronto in 1885.

In 1890, Knox College became part of the university within a federated governance structure. In 1915, Knox College moved to its present site adjacent to University College. During World War II, Knox College accommodated faculty and students from The Presbyterian College, Montreal, whose building was used for military training until 1946.

In 1969, Knox became a founding member of the Toronto School of Theology. By virtue of an amendment of its charter, Knox College has granted theology degrees conjointly with the university and the Toronto School of Theology since 1978. Ewart College, a women's college of the Presbyterian Church, was merged into Knox College in 1991.

Founded in 1897, Ewart College was initially known as the Presbyterian Missionary and Deaconess Training School and then Ewart Missionary Training Home after Catherine Seaton Ewart in 1960. In 2005, Knox observed its 160th anniversary with a visit and lecture by Alison Elliot, the Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland.


Further reading of Front & Inside View Camera

Brian J.

Fraser. Church, College, and Clergy: A History of Theological Education at Knox College, Toronto, 1844-1994. McGill-Queen's University Press, 1995.

Gordon Goldie et al. A Covenant for Tomorrow, 1979-1987. Toronto: Knox College, 1987.

Richard W. Vaudry. "Theology and education in early Victorian Canada: Knox College, Toronto, 1844-62".

Studies in Religion, 16.4 (Fall 1987), p. 434-35.

no data
recommended articles
Knowledge Related to the Home Front
Knowledge Related to the Home Front
The Home Front may refer to: The Home Front (1940 film), a 1940 Canadian documentary short "The Home Front" (The 4400), an episode of The 4400 The Home Front, a 1943 animated short in the Private Snafu series The Home Front, a 1932 book by Sylvia Pankhurst The Home Front, a band from Manchester · Other Related Knowledge of Front & Inside View Camera Battle of Front & Inside View Camera On the morning of 1 September 1917, after a three-hour artillery bombardment, the Germans launched the assault and began the construction of three wooden pontoon bridges over the river Daugava near Ikile. 1159 German artillery guns fully suppressed 66 opposing Russian guns. Artillery fire forced Russian 186th Division to withdraw from the right bank of the Daugava, thus allowing the Germans to successfully cross the river. The commander of the Russian 12th Army, General Parsky, ordered the XLIII Army corps to counterattack the German bridgehead and deployed for this task four infantry divisions as well as the 2nd Latvian Rifleman Brigade. The Russian force, including the Latvian brigade, received orders in the afternoon of 1 September and started to move from Ropai against the Germans. The 5th Zemgale Latvian Riflemen Regiment reached fortified German positions along the river Jugla in the late afternoon. After heavy shelling at midday of 2 September by German artillery, the German attack against Latvian Rifleman positions started. Intense fighting started along the entire 14 km front line of the bridgehead. The Germans used aviation, flame throwers and gas attacks but despite this, the Latvian Riflemen managed to hold back the German advance for 26 hours. This allowed the 12th Russian Army (including 1st Latvian Rifleman Brigade which still was in the Trelis swamp positions near Olaine) to safely withdraw from Riga. In the morning of 3 September, the Latvian units were ordered to retreat and they took up new defensive positions near Sigulda and Csis. ------ Variations of Front & Inside View Camera Generally, because basic Dark chess rules are universal with respect to its "parent" classical variant, any 2-player chess variant may be played "in dark". SchemingMind provides some of the variations. Dark chess (checkmate)  standard rules of check apply (a player is notified when its king is in check, and the king cannot move into check). The goal in this variation is the same as in standard chess  to checkmate the king. Dark chess (check)  a player is notified when the king is in check, but the king can remain in check after a move. The goal in this variation is the same as in standard dark chess  to capture the king. Dark crazyhouse  combination of crazyhouse and dark chess. Dark suicide  combination of suicide and dark chess. Sun Tzu chess  combination of Double Fischer Random Chess (like Chess960, but with different positions for White and Black), crazyhouse and dark chess. Pieces can be dropped onto any possible square on the board (like crazyhouse). This chess variant was invented in 2005 by John Kipling Lewis. Lao Tzu chess  like Sun Tzu, but pieces can only be dropped on seen squares. Also invented in 2005 by John Kipling Lewis. Dark Omega chess  combination of Omega Chess and dark chess. Dark Seirawan chess  combination of Seirawan chess and dark chess. ------ Description of Front & Inside View Camera The Tulja Lena caves lie in a hill about a mile and a half or two miles north-west from Junnar, beyond the north end of Sivaneri hill. They are so named, because one of them has been appropriated by the modern Brahmans as a shrine of Tulja Devi, a form of Bhavani, the consort of Shiva (see Tulja Bhavani Temple). The caves run along the face of the cliff nearly from south-east to north-west, facing about south-west, but all the faades have fallen away. They consist of a number of cells and two small viharas, with a Chaitya cave of a form quite unique. It is circular in plan, 25 feet 6 inches across, with a dagoba in the centre, 8 feet 2 inches in diameter, surrounded by twelve plain octagonal shafts 11 feet in height, supporting a dome over the dagoba. The surrounding aisle is roofed by a half arch rising from the wall to the upper side of an architrave 7 or 8 inches deep over the pillars. The dagoba is perfectly plain, but its capital has been hewn off to convert it into a huge linga of Shiva, and even the dome is much hacked into, while some of the pillars have been notched and others broken. In front of this cave and the one on each side of it is a platform built by the modern devotes of Tulja Devi. Over the front of one of the cells to the north-east of this are left some Chaitya-window ornamentation, a larger one over where the door has been, the inner arch of which is filled with knotted ribbons etc., similar to what is over the Chaitya-cave door at the Nasik Caves, while the front of the arch is carved with flowers. On each side of this is a smaller arch; and farther to the left is a dagoba in half relief with the umbrella or chhatri over it, on each side a Gandharva or Kinnara above, and a male figure below, that to the right attended by a female, but all of them weatherworn. Over all is a projecting frieze carved on front with the "Buddhist rail pattern". Next to these are two more plain fronts, and then two with Chaitya-window heads over where the doors have been, and smaller ones between, and the "rail ornament" and quadrantal carved roll supported by slender brackets in entire relief, as at the Bhaja Caves. ------ Ulnar branch of Front & Inside View Camera The ulnar branch (ramus ulnaris; posterior branch) passes obliquely downward on the medial side of the basilic vein, in front of the medial epicondyle of the humerus, to the back of the forearm, and descends on its ulnar side as far as the wrist, distributing filaments to the skin. It communicates with the medial brachial cutaneous, the dorsal antebrachial cutaneous branch of the radial, and the dorsal branch of the ulnar. ------ Alliances and parties of Front & Inside View Camera UDF is a Kerala legislative alliance aligned with the UPA at the national level and the LDF comprises primarily of CPI(M) and the CPI, forming the Left Front in the national level. National Democratic Alliance (NDA), led by Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) contested in 19 seats. United Democratic FrontLeft Democratic FrontNational Democratic Alliance ------ Gallery of Front & Inside View Camera Equestrian statue of King Chulalongkorn and Royal Plaza in front of Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall Uthong Nai Road beside Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall Wisukam Narueman Bridge, crossing Khlong Phadung Krung Kasem linking Phara Nakhon and Dusit Districts Chamai Maruchet Bridge, crossing Khlong Prem Prachakon in front of Government House Wat Benchamabophit or Marble Temple Sanam Sua Pa, beside Royal Plaza, Bureau of the Royal Household office National Library of Thailand, Sam Sen Road Veterinary hospital on Rama V Road opposite Chitralada Royal Villa Ministry of Education Vajira Hospital, public hospital Sappaya-Sapasathan the new national legislative building ------ Political activity of Front & Inside View Camera Rondn served in the Colorado Party beginning in adolescence. During the 1960s she was the secretary of the deputies Luis Bernardo Pozzolo es and Julio Mara Sanguinetti (who was later twice president of the Republic). During the civic-military dictatorship, she was kidnapped and detained in a military unit. She was elected as an alternate official on several occasions, first in 1984, for the department of Montevideo. In the 1999 elections in which Jorge Batlle captured the Presidency of the Republic, Rondn was elected deputy for Lista 15 es, holding the position of vice president of the Chamber of Deputies for the term 20002005, and coming to occupy the ownership of the presidency of the Chamber. She has always stood out as a fighter for women's rights; along with fellow deputies Beatriz Argimn, Luca Topolansky, and Margarita Percovich, she constituted the so-called "Women's Bank", composed of women from all parties. She was part of the Equity and Gender Commission, which she chaired in 2001. In the 2005 municipal elections she headed the list of candidates of Lista 15 to the departmental board of Montevideo, being comfortably elected. That year she was elected to the national executive committee of the Colorado Party (CEN). In 2009 she supported the presidential candidacy of Jos Amorn Batlle in the sector Batllismo Siglo XXI with the group "Contra viento & marea", obtaining a place in the National Convention of the Party. For the second round, Rondn said that, against her party's recommendion, she would not vote for candidate Luis Alberto Lacalle of the National Party, but she would for the Broad Front candidate, Jos Mujica. She did not support any candidate in the municipal elections of May 2010. On 20 June 2010, Rondn announced her move to the Broad Front, along with a Batllist column led by her. Rondn worked as an advisor on gender and equity issues, and is currently director of the centers of the country's Ministry of Education and Culture.
Knowledge Related to Front Row
Knowledge Related to Front Row
Front Row may refer to: Front Row (software), media center software for Apple's Mac computers Front Row (radio programme), a British arts programme broadcast on BBC Radio 4 Front Row (TV program), a Philippine documentary television program broadcast on GMA Network Front Row Channel, an international digital channel Front Row (album), a 1982 album by David Meece "Front Row", an Alanis Morissette song from her 1998 album Supposed Former Infatuation Junkie In rugby football (both league and union, the three-man formation at the front of the scrum, or the players in those positions. · Other Related Knowledge of Front & Inside View Camera Progress of the operations of Front & Inside View Camera Actions of the Shorin groupOn 14 August, the troops of the Shorin group, with the support of the Volga detachment of the Volga-Kama flotilla16 boats, five cannodoks, one floating batterylaunched an offensive against the Don Army and the Caucasian Army, which numbered 12,300 bayonets, 21,900 sabers, 93 guns, and 249 machine guns. The troops of the 10th Army in cooperation with the Cavalry corps of Budyonny conducted an offensive against Kamyshin and Tsaritsyn, while the 9th Army attacked Ust-Khopyorskaya. By the end of August, the Cavalry corps of Budyonny had defeated General Sutulov's Cossack Division and together with the 10th Army struck a blow against the White troops in the village of Serebryakovo-Zelenovskaya, capturing four armored trains. In early September, heavy fighting for Tsaritsyn unfolded. On 58 September, the troops of the 10th Army and units of the Cavalry Corps of the Budenny continued to attack. Under strong White fire, they stormed several times the trenches and wire fences, but due to heavy losses were forced to stop the offensive. On 9 September, White troops launched an offensive by large infantry and cavalry forces with the support of 12 batteries, armored cars and tanks against the 10th Army, and in the course of fierce fighting in several sectors forced parts of the 10th Army to retreat. By 11 September, active fighting around Tsaritsyn stopped. The command of the Southern Front decided to withdraw the Cavalry corps of Budenny from the 10th Army, in order to send him to Novokhopersk against Mamontov's Cavalry corps. At the same time, the commander of a newly formed cavalry corps, Filipp Mironov, decided independently to march to the front against the troops of Denikin. This step was seen as rebellion, and the forces of the Cavalry corps of the Budyonny were sent to suppress it. On 13 August, Mironov was arrested, and his 500 men were disarmed. The offensive of the Ninth Army developed slowly because of the stubborn resistance of the Don Army. Only by 21 August, the 9th Army troops achieved a breakthrough and began to encroach upon parts of rivers Khopyor and Don. On 12 September, the troops of the Ninth Army crossed the Khopyor River and managed to advance 150 to 180 kilometers (93 to 112 mi). Further advance down the Don Bend failed. Selivachev groupOn 15 August, Selivachev's group launched an offensive against a part of the Don Army and the right wing of the Volunteer Army, which numbered 20,500 bayonets, 9,200 sabers, 69 guns, and 208 machine guns. The main blow was inflicted by the Strike group3rd and 42nd infantry divisions and cavalry brigade of the 13th Army, 12th, 15th, 16th, and 13th infantry divisions of the 8th Armyat the junction of the Don and Volunteer armies. The remaining divisions moved in echelons and covered the flanks. The White troops had a strong right flank and an extended center. By 27 August, the troops of the left flank of the Selivachev group had advanced 60 kilometers (37 mi), occupying Novy Oskol, Biryuch and Valuyki. On the right flank they advanced to Belgorod. In the center, after advancing 150 kilometers (93 mi), they approached Kupiansk, and came within 40 kilometers (25 mi) from Kharkov. By 1 September, the group's troops reached the line of VolchanskKupianskValuykiPodgornoy station  north of Rossosh. However, the offensive of the Selivachev group happened without interaction with the Shorin group, along divergent lines, with put the Red troops at a disadvantage. Furthermore, the Mamontov group operated in the rear, breaking up communications and logistic support to both groups. The White Army concentrated large forces on the flanks of the Selivachev group and on 26 August, went on the offensive. From the Belgorod area to Koroch and Novy Oskol, two divisions of the 1st Army Corps under Alexander Kutepov, and the 3rd Kuban Cavalry under General Shkuro, attacked. From the Karpenkov districtKrasnoe, Samoteevka, Biryuchthe 8th Plastun and 2nd Don divisions struck. With these attacks, the White Army tried to surround the main forces of Selivachev's group and defeat them. The Red troops stubbornly defended themselves by the flanks of the 12th and 42nd Infantry Divisions, and by 15 September, retreated to the Seym River, southwest of Stary Oskol and north of Novy Oskol. The 14th Army, in order to assist the Selivachev group, attempted to launch an offensive by crossing the Seym River, but did not achieve success and retreated. ------ World War II of Front & Inside View Camera "Charlie" Gratz was posted in autumn 1941 to 8. Staffel (8th squadron) of Jagdgeschwader 52 (JG 528th squadron of the 52nd Fighter Wing), a squadron of III. Gruppe (3rd group), on the Eastern Front.Note 1 In January 1942, III. Gruppe was ordered to move from Taganrog to an airfield at Kharkov and was subordinated to IV. Fliegerkorps. At the time, the Gruppe was the only fighter unit operating on the left flank of Army Group South, covering the airspace from Belgorod in the north to the Donets Basin in the south, and was equipped with Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4. On 18 January, Soviet forces launched the BarvenkovoLozovaya Offensive which created the Izium salient. On 15 February, III. Gruppe flew missions in the vicinity of Belgorod and Prokhorovka, over the front lines of the 6th Army. That day, Gratz claimed his first two aerial victories, a Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3 fighter which at the time was referred to as an I-61, and an Ilyushin Il-2 ground-attack aircraft. On 12 May, German forces launched Operation Fredericus, also referred to as the Second Battle of Kharkov, with the objective to eliminate the Izium bridgehead over Seversky Donets. That day, III. Gruppe was moved to the Charkow-Rogan airfield, southeast of Kharkov, and subordinated to the Stab (headquarters unit) of JG 52. On 13 May, III. Gruppe flew combat missions east and southeast of Kharkov. During the day, the Gruppe claimed 42 aerial victories, including three Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 fighters by Gratz. The following day, III. Gruppe predominantly flew fighter escort missions for Junkers Ju 87 dive bombers from VIII. Fliegerkorps attacking Soviet ground forces on the northern pincer, and claimed 52 aerial victories for the loss of one aircraft damaged. That day, Graz became an "ace-in-a-day" for the first time when he shot down two Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-3 and seven MiG-1 fighters, taking his total to 27 aerial victories. During the following days, III. Gruppe continued to fly missions in support of the Army. Gratz claimed two Polikarpov I-16 fighters on 15 May, a single MiG-1 on 16 May, two further MiG-1s on 17 May, and yet another MiG-1 fighter on 18 May. On 20 May, III. Gruppe moved to an airfield at Barwenkowa, approximately 40 kilometres (25 miles) south-southwest of Izium. By the end of May 24, Soviet forces opposite Kharkov had been surrounded by German formations, over the next days, Soviet forces attempt to break the encirclement. During this combat, Gratz claimed four aerial victories on 26 May over two LaGG-3s and two MiG-1s. The next day, he added three further aerial victories to his tally over a LaGG-3 and two MiG-1s. On 29 May, his total reached 42 aerial victories when shot down an I-16 and yet another MiG-1. He received the Honor Goblet of the Luftwaffe (Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe) on 8 June 1942. He and Oberfeldwebel Karl Steffen received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) on 1 July 1942. The presentation was made by Major Hubertus von Bonin. By late 1942 29 more victories had been claimed. On the Western FrontAfter a spell instructing, Gratz was posted in March 1943 to 11. Staffel (11th squadron) of Jagdgeschwader 2 "Richthofen" (JG 22nd Fighter Wing) on the English channel front. The 11. Staffel was an additional 4th squadron of I. Gruppe of JG 2 which was based at Triquerville and equipped with the Bf 109 G-3. On 1 October 1943, the squadron was renumbered and from then on was known as 4. Staffel of JG 2. On 12 March, Gratz claimed his first aerial victory on the Western Front when he shot down a Supermarine Spitfire fighter 30 km (19 mi) northwest of Fcamp. Fighter Command suffered only one casualty in combat that day. A Spitfire IX, BS548, flown by Captain O Massart of No. 340 Squadron RAF was severely damaged in battle with a Fw 190 belonging to JG 2. The pilot returned unhurt. Massart formed part of a Ramrod patrol to Rouen. On 4 April, he claimed two further Spitfires destroyed in combat 80 km (50 mi) north of Caen. Fighter Command lost ten pilots killed, one captured while two evaded capture with help from the French resistance. JG 26 claimed five, JG 2 claimed six and one fell in combat with JG 1. No. 129 Squadron RAF is known to have engaged JG 2 over the English Channel while on a Roadstead operation. JG 2 claimed two of their number. The only casualty was Flight Sergeant A J Symonds. His body was recovered by a Supermarine Walrus. The following day Gratz claimed a victory near Ostend. Fighter Command carried out two Ramrod operations in the morning and one in the afternoon, losing three fighters in total. 129 Squadron's Sergeant J S Hetherington, in Spitfire AR527, was killed in action with JG 2 on a sweep from Venturas to Landunvez. No. 332 Squadron RAF lost Spitfire ES291 and the pilot Sergeant S N Larssen killed on Ramrod 52 to Haamstede. In the afternoon, another Ramrod to Landunvez killed No. 616 Squadron RAF Flight Lieutenant P B Wright DFC in Spitfire BS465. Gratz received the German Cross in Gold (Deutsches Kreuz in Gold) on 8 June 1943. On 16 August, the Eighth Air Force of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) targeted the Le Bourget airfield near Paris with a large formation of Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress escorted by a number of Republic P-47 Thunderbolt escort fighters. In defense of this attack, I. Gruppe of JG 2 claimed three B-17s and one P-47 shot down for the loss of five pilots killed in action. In this ecounter, Gratz was credited with the destruction of one B-17 shot down 9 km (5.6 mi) southeast of Brtigny. On the Eastern FrontIn March 1944 Gratz returned to JG 52. That month, Gratz was credited with his 100th aerial victory. He was the 64th Luftwaffe pilot to achieve the century mark. and in January 1945 became Staffelkapitn (squadron leader), 10./JG 52. In the last weeks of the war Gratz was particularly successful and claimed 18 victories. After the surrender he was delivered by US military to the Soviet authorities and remained in captivity until 1949.
Knowledge Related to Front Comtois
Knowledge Related to Front Comtois
The Front Comtois is a French small political group, located in France, in the region Franche-Comt. Its ideologies include racism, islamophobia, antisemitism, historical revisionism, homophobia, opposition to the legalization of abortion and neo-nazism. It was created in 2008. Members degraded a mosque with blood and a pig's head and racist inscriptions. Now Front Comtois has between 30 and 100 members, and often demonstrate in Montbliard, Belfort and Besanon and many other small cities. The organisation was condemned and fined in 2011 for incitement to racial and religious hatred, at 6400 euros of penalty. · Other Related Knowledge of Front & Inside View Camera Performance in elections of Front & Inside View Camera Loksabha election, 2009The Congress high command had worked out an alliance with the Trinamool Congress for the 2009 Loksabha polls as a result of which the state leadership of the Congress had to accept the seat-sharing deal with the AITC on Mamata Banerjee's terms. The AITC offered 14 of the 42 seats in West Bengal for the Congress to contest, and that included several Left Front bastions for decades like Arambagh, Jhargram, Bankura and Bolpur. But the leaders eventually had to accept the "humiliating" offer for the sake of the alliance. The Congress fought 'bravely' in the Loksabha election and retained all its fortresses such as Jangipur, Baharampur, Murshidabad, Malda North, Malda South and Raiganj, but it could not open its account in the rest of South Bengal where its contested only "unwinnable" seats which the Left Front retained. Before the election, the Congress had 6 MPs from West Bengal and it remained with six even after the election. On the other hand, the AITC, with only one MP, went up to 19, thanks to the alliance. Overall as an alliance, the AITC-INC-SUCI combined crushed the then-ruling Left Front which won 15 seats as opposed to the alliance's 26. Municipal election, 2010Elections to 81 municipalities in West Bengal took place in the year 2010. Again the AITC offered very few seats to the Congress. But the municipal election being a localized one, the state leadership officially decided to go it alone in the election but left it to the local leadership of the party to decide whether to go for unofficial seat adjustments with the AITC at the local level. This election was seen as a "do or die" for the state Congress to prove its independent existence in the state and also the fact that it could win on its own. Jalpaiguri divisionThe Congress performed very well in the Cooch Behar municipality by winning eight seats but it could not open its account in Tufanganj, Mathabhanga and Dinhata municipalities. It won 16 of the 25 seats Jalpaiguri municipality. Malda divisionThe Congress improved its performance and won the Englishbazaar municipality with support from the AITC but in Old Malda municipality it could win only in 6 seats while the Left Front won 12. It also won the Beldanga, Murshidabad and Kandi municipalities and missed Dhulian by just one seat. But it could not manage victory at Jangipur and Jiaganj-Azimganj municipalities. Presidency divisionIt retained Santipur and Birnagar municipalities but lost Ranaghat. It also won a few seats in Nabadwip and Kalyani. INC performed quite well and required support of AITC to form the municipal boards. In Kolkata, it secured as many as 10 seats. INC emerged as the single largest party in Jaynagar-Majilpur municipality and formed the board with external support. But it failed to win any seat in Ashoknagar-Kalyangarh, Kamarhati, Khardaha and Bidhannagar, Baruipur, Bally, Gayeshpur, Taherpur, Baranagar, Titagarh, New Barrackpur, Kanchrapara, Garulia, Taki and Bongaon Burdwan divisionThe Congress formed the municipal board in Rishra by emerging as the single largest party and the AITC required the Congress's support to control Sreerampur, Champdani and Konnagar. Though the Congress won substantial seats in Bansebria, Bhadreswar, Baidyabati and Hooghly-Chinsura it was blanked out in Chandannagar, Uttarpara-Kotrung, Tarakeswar and Arambagh. The Congress won all 19 seats and won Katwa municipality and emerged as the single largest party in Dainhat. The AITC required the support of 5 Congress councillors to form the board at Kalna. The Congress also won an impressive number of seats in Memari and opened its account in Jamuria, but it remained a negligible force in Raniganj. The Congress won an impressive 8 and 6 seats in Bolpur and Suri respectively and it secured 4 in Rampurhat. Medinipur divisionINC won 2 seats in Tamluk municipality but could not win any seat in Kanthi. Also performed well in Ghatal, Kharagpur and Ramjibanpur where it formed the boards along with the AITC. But it could not make its presence be felt in Kharar, Khirpai and Chandrakona. The Congress secured 8 seats in Purulia municipality and gained control of it along with the AITC but it could not snatch Jhalda from the Left. It also won a seat in Raghunathpur. The Congress won 5 seats in Bankura, but it drew a blank in Sonamukhi and lost control of Bishnupur. Overall, the Congress won 330 (18.4%) of the 1791 wards that went to polls in the year 2010. This was indeed an impressive result for the party, as it had fought alone - without the AITC. Assembly election, 2011This time also, an "illogical and humiliating" offer of 65 of the 294 assembly seats had to be accepted by the state Congress as the high command wanted the AITC-INC alliance to remain intact. The Congress performed well by winning 42 of the 65 seats with excellent results from Malda and Murshidabad districts and pockets of North and South Bengal. It joined the Mamata Banerjee-led government and had two Cabinet ministers and 5 Ministers of State representing the party before withdrawing support from the state government . Municipal election, 2012Municipal elections to Dhupguri, Durgapur, Haldia, Panskura, Nalhati and Coopers' Camp were held in 2012. The Congress fought independently and field candidates in 105 of the 129 wards for which elections were held. The Congress could not win any seat in Dhupguri, Haldia and Panskura municipalities. It won a seat in Durgapur Municipal Corporation. In Nalhati (from where Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee's son Abhijit is elected to the assembly), the party managed three of the 15 seats. But the party received a shot in the arm when it registered a victory in Coopers' Camp winning 11 of the 12 seats. The AITC won one. ------ World War II of Front & Inside View Camera World War II in Europe began on Friday 1 September 1939 when German forces invaded Poland. Brndle received the Iron Cross 2nd Class (Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse) on 20 April 1940. He claimed his first aerial victory on 10 May 1940 during the Battle of France, shooting down an Arme de l'Air (French Air Force) Morane-Saulnier M.S.406 south of Sedan. In total Brndle claimed two victories over France before he was wounded on 26 May 1940. During takeoff on a maintenance test flight he crashed into a Dornier Do 17 injuring himself in the head. He spent the next few weeks in the military hospital at Heidelberg. After recovering from the hospital, Brndle claimed his second victory during the Battle of Britain over the Royal Air Force (RAF) on 11 August 1940. On 26 August 1940, he was tasked with the leadership of 5. Staffel (5th Squadron) of JG 53. Following his fourth aerial victory, he was awarded the Iron Cross 1st Class (Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse) on 3 September 1940. He was officially appointed Staffelkapitn (squadron leader) of 5. Staffel on 15 September 1940. On 11 November 1940, he claimed his 6th and 7th aerial victories and was awarded the Front Flying Clasp of the Luftwaffe for Fighter Pilots (Frontflugspange fr Jagdflieger) in Silver on 5 May 1941 and in Gold on 7 June 1941. The bulk of the Geschwader's air elements were moved via Jever, in northern Germany, to Mannheim-Sandhofen on 8 June 1941. There the aircraft were given a maintenance overhaul prior to moving east. The II. Gruppe was transferred to Neusiedel in East Prussia, present-day Malomoaiskoj in Kaliningrad Oblast in Russia, between 1214 June. On 22 June the Geschwader crossed into Soviet airspace in support of Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union which opened the Eastern Front. There, Brndle claimed further victories and by the end of October 1941 was credited with 28 aerial victories. Brndle's unit was then relocated to the Western Front again in October 1941 where it was based at Leeuwarden in the Netherlands before it was moved to the Mediterranean theater in December 1941. Based at Comiso airfield, Brndle flew combat missions against the RAF during the Siege of Malta. There he was awarded the German Cross in Gold (Deutsches Kreuz in Gold) on 25 February 1942 and four days later, on 1 March, he was promoted to Hauptmann (captain). Group commanderOn 1 May 1942, Brndle was appointed Gruppenkommandeur (group commander) of II. Gruppe of Jagdgeschwader 3 "Udet" (JG 33rd Fighter Wing), named after the World War I fighter ace Ernst Udet. Its former Gruppenkommandeur, Hauptmann Karl-Heinz Krahl, had been killed in action over Malta on 14 April 1942. At the time, the Gruppe was stationed at Plze for rest and refit before it was relocated to the Eastern Front on 18 May 1942. Too late to participate in the Battle of the Kerch Peninsula, it was located on the left wing of Army Group South, assigned to an airfield at Chuguyev in the Kharkov area. Brndle scored the Gruppe's first victory after the relocation, claiming a Polikarpov R-5 reconnaissance bomber aircraft at 3:49 am on 20 May 1942. By this date, Brndle had accumulated 36 victories. He was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) on 1 July 1942 for 49 aerial victories. On this day, he claimed his 53rd aerial victory, after he shot down an Ilyushin Il-2 "Sturmovik". Brndle often claimed multiple victories per day, three victories on 8 July 1942 took his tally to 58 and further three claims made on 10 July took his score to 61. On 16 July 1942 he filed four claims, numbers 6467. He became an "ace-in-a-day" for the first time on 26 July 1942 when he shot down five enemy aircraft, aerial victories 7377, and again five on 7 August 1942, 89 in total. In July and August 1942, he claimed 50 aerial victories in the southern sector of the Eastern Front, among them his 100th to 102nd victory on 23 August 1942. He was the 17th Luftwaffe pilot to achieve the century mark. For this achievement he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub) on 27 August 1942, the 114th officer or soldier of the Wehrmacht so honored. The presentation was made by Adolf Hitler personally. Brndle was promoted to Major on 1 March 1943. On 29 April 1943, he claimed his 135th to 138th aerial victories. On 5 July 1943, the first day of the Battle of Kursk (Unternehmen Zitadelle), he claimed five victories taking his total to 151. His II. Gruppe claimed 77 aircraft shot down on 12 July which included its 2,000 aerial victory of the war. Defense of the Reich and deathIn early August 1943, Brndle's II. Gruppe was withdrawn from the Eastern Front for service in Defense of the Reich on the Western Front. The Gruppe spent one-month training in northern Germany before they arrived at the Schiphol airfield near Amsterdam in the Netherlands on 12 September. On 3 November 1943, Brndle shot down two Republic P-47 Thunderbolts fighters escorting a formation of Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses on a mission targeting Wilhelmshaven. Later that day, he was killed in action west of Amsterdam in the Netherlands. Following an attack by a group of Martin B-26 Marauders on Schiphol airfield, II. Gruppe scrambled to counter the attack. It is assumed that he was shot down in his Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6 (Werknummer 26058factory number) by Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) fighters under the command of Wing Commander Lloyd Chadburn. His body was later washed ashore near Zandvoort on 30 December 1943 and was buried at the Heroes Cemetery in Amsterdam (field 74, grave 405) one day later. His remains were moved in January 1944 before they were reinterred for a last time on 2 December 1947, this time at the cemetery Ysselsteyn (block CW, row 1, grave 25).
Knowledge Related to Anterior Segment of Eyeball
Knowledge Related to Anterior Segment of Eyeball
The anterior segment or anterior cavity is the front third of the eye that includes the structures in front of the vitreous humour: the cornea, iris, ciliary body, and lens. Within the anterior segment are two fluid-filled spaces: the anterior chamber between the posterior surface of the cornea (i.e. the corneal endothelium) and the iris. the posterior chamber between the iris and the front face of the vitreous.Aqueous humor fills these spaces within the anterior segment and provides nutrients to the surrounding structures. Some ophthalmologists and optometrists specialize in the treatment and management of anterior segment disorders and diseases. · Other Related Knowledge of Front & Inside View Camera Military career of Front & Inside View Camera Draft and early serviceBorn in Markivka in Kharkov Governorate (today in Ukraine) to a peasant family of Ukrainian (or Russian) ethnicity, Yeryomenko was drafted into the Imperial Army in 1913, serving on the Southwest and Romanian Fronts during World War I. He joined the Red Army in 1918, where he served in the legendary Budyonny Cavalry (First Cavalry Army). He attended the Leningrad Cavalry School and then the Frunze Military Academy, graduating in 1935. In addition to his education, he was appointed to command of a regiment of cavalry in Dec. 1929, then a division in 1937, and then the 6th Cavalry Corps in 1938. Invasion of Eastern PolandOn Sept. 17, 1939, Yeryomenko led his 6th Cavalry Corps into eastern Poland as part of the operations agreed to between Germany and the Soviet Union under the MolotovRibbentrop Pact. In general, this Soviet operation was not efficiently organized. Yeryomenko (whose Corps contained light tank and other motorized elements) was forced to request an emergency airlift of fuel so as to continue his advance. Despite these difficulties, the Corps kept moving, and Yeryomenko earned the nickname "the Russian Guderian". World War IIYeryomenko was given command of the prestigious 1st Red Banner Far Eastern Army, deep in eastern Siberia, where he was serving at the outbreak of Operation Barbarossa on June 22, 1941. Eight days after the invasion began, Yeryomenko was recalled to Moscow, where he was made the Acting Commander of the Soviet Western Front, two days after its original commander, General of the Army Dmitri Pavlov, was dismissed (and later convicted and executed) for incompetence. Yeryomenko was thrust into a very precarious position. The Nazi Blitzkrieg approach to warfare quickly dominated the Western Front, but Yeryomenko motivated the remaining troops, and halted the German offensive just outside Smolensk. During this vicious defensive Battle of Smolensk, Yeryomenko was wounded. Because of his injuries, he was transferred to command the newly created Bryansk Front. In late August, Yeryomenko was ordered to launch counter-offensive operations along the Bryansk Front, primarily against Guderian's Second Panzer Group as it began to move south to trap Kirponos' Southwestern Front around Kiev. Stavka, particularly Stalin and Shaposhnikov, seemed convinced that Yeryomenko could block or distract Guderian's drive and save Kiev from encirclement. The counter-offensive failed to accomplish its objectives despite a valiant effort, leaving Bryansk Front severely weakened. In October the Germans launched Operation Typhoon, which was an offensive aimed at capturing Moscow. Most of Yeryomenko's weakened forces (3rd, 13th and 50th Armies) were partially encircled by Oct. 8 although small units managed to escape for days or weeks following. On Oct. 13, Yeryomenko was once again wounded, this time severely. He was evacuated to a military hospital in Moscow, where he spent several weeks recovering. In January 1942, Yeryomenko was appointed commander of the 4th Shock Army, part of the Northwestern Front. During the Soviet Winter Counteroffensive, Yeryomenko's army was part of the highly successful ToropetsKholm Offensive, which liberated Toropets and much of the surrounding region, helping to create the Rzhev Salient, which became a major battlefield over the next 15 months. On Jan. 20, 1942, Yeryomenko was again wounded, this time in one leg, when German planes bombed his headquarters. Yeryomenko refused to evacuate to a hospital until the battle surrounding him finished. Battle of StalingradYeryomenko's performance in the winter offensives restored Stalin's confidence, and he was given command of the Southeastern Front, on Aug. 1, 1942, where he proceeded to launch powerful counterattacks against the German offensive into the Caucasus, Fall Blau. Yeryomenko and Commissar Nikita Khrushchev planned the defense of Stalingrad, rallying and re-organizing men and equipment falling back to the city from the Don River and the steppes to the west. When one of his subordinates, Gen. Anton Lopatin, doubted if his 62nd Army would be able to defend Stalingrad, Yeryomenko replaced him with Lt. Gen. Vasily Chuikov as Army commander on Sept. 11, 1942. Chuikov and the 62nd Army went on to prove themselves as the defenders of the city, confirming Yeryomenko's judgement. On Sept. 28, the Southeastern Front was renamed the Stalingrad Front. During Operation Uranus, November 1942, Yeryomenko's forces helped to surround the German 6th Army from the south, linking up with the northern penetration at Kalach-na-Donu. German General Erich von Manstein soon attempted to counterattack the Soviet forces and break through the line to relieve the surrounded Germans. Yeryomenko successfully repelled the attack, largely with the forces of the 2nd Guards Army along their fall-back positions on the Myshkova River. After StalingradOn January 1, 1943, the Stalingrad Front was renamed Southern Front. After the end of the winter offensive, in March 1943, Yeryomenko was transferred north to the Kalinin Front, which remained relatively quiet until September, when Yeryomenko launched a small, but successful offensive. In December, Yeryomenko was once again sent south, this time to take command of the Separate Coastal Army, which was put together to retake Crimea, which was accomplished with assistance from Fyodor Tolbukhin's 4th Ukrainian Front. In April, Yeryomenko once again was sent north, to command the 2nd Baltic Front. During the summer campaign, 2nd Baltic was very successful in crushing German opposition, and was able to capture Riga, helping to bottle up some 30 German divisions in Latvia. On March 26, 1945, Yeryomenko was transferred to the command of the 4th Ukrainian Front, the unit he controlled until the end of the war. Fourth Ukrainian was positioned in Eastern Hungary. Yeryomenko's subsequent offensive helped capture the rest of Hungary, and paved the way for the Soviet liberation of Czechoslovakia. His army liberated many cities and towns in Czechoslovakia, most notably Ostrava. Today, many streets in the Czech Republic bear his name. ------ Second formation of Front & Inside View Camera The division was reformed under the command of Colonel Alexander Chizhov between April and 13 May 1942 at Volokolamsk, just west of Moscow in the Moscow Military District, from the 55th Rifle Brigade. It included the 1026th, 1028th, and the 1030th Rifle Regiments, as well as the 738th Artillery Regiment. The 260th was assigned to the Moscow Defense Zone in July, and then to the Voronezh Front reserves in September. In late September it was moved to the front as part of the 1st Guards Army of the Don Front, holding positions to the northwest of Stalingrad. In late September, for "nonfulfillment of military tasks" in the Samofolovka area, Chizhov was relieved of command and demoted to become chief of staff of the 273rd Rifle Division. He was replaced by Colonel Grigory Miroshnichenko, who led the 260th in counterattacks against German troops who had broken through to the Volga from the Samofolovka area. From late September, it led attacks in an attempt to capture Khutor Borodkin. The 1st Guards Army was withdrawn to the Reserve of the Supreme High Command (RVGK) in mid-October, and the division transferred to the 24th Army of the front. The division fought in the Battle of Stalingrad during Operation Uranus and Operation Koltso between November 1942 and February 1943, successively part of the 24th and 65th Armies of the Don Front. Until January, it fought in the Kotluban area at checkpoint 564. Beginning on 18 January, the 260th advanced on the Barrikady Factory. After the battle ended with the surrender of the German 6th Army in early February, the 260th was transferred to the Don Front reserve, then to the Stalingrad Group of Forces. At the end of March, the division relocated to the Tula area as part of the 11th Army in the RVGK. The army transferred to the Western Front on 12 July and to the Bryansk Front on 30 July, fighting in Operation Kutuzov and the Bryansk Offensive during the summer offensive. About 18 August Miroshnichenko was seriously wounded and evacuated to a hospital; he was replaced by Colonel Stepan Maximovsky. The 260th became part of the army's 53rd Rifle Corps in August, fighting in battles for Bryansk and the crossing of the Desna River, during which Maximovsky was wounded and evacuated. He was briefly replaced by Colonel Gennady Pankov, who was in turn replaced by Colonel Vasily Bulgakov in November, when it was part of the Belorussian Front during the GomelRechitsa Offensive. During that operation, the division crossed the Sozh River and helped capture Gomel. After it transitioned to the defensive on the approach to Zhlobin and the disbandment of the 11th Army, the division and its corps became part of the 63rd Army. In December the division fought in attacks to the north of Gomel and Zhlobin. The division transferred back to the RVGK in the Moscow Military District at the end of January, and was briefly assigned to the 70th Army, joining the 125th Rifle Corps, which was in the process of formation, in February. With the corps, the division was sent to the 47th Army of the Belorussian Front in the Sarny area later that month. With the army it fought in attacks towards Kovel. For its actions at Kovel the 260th received the honorific Kovel and the Order of the Red Banner. In May it transferred to the army's 129th Rifle Corps. The 260th fought in Operation Bagration between June and August, crossing the Western Bug and participating in the capture of the Warsaw suburb of Praga during the LublinBrest Offensive. In December Bulgakov was replaced by Colonel Ivan Popov after the former departed for courses. At the beginning of January 1945 Colonel Yakov Gorshenin replaced Popov. The division fought in the WarsawPoznan Offensive of the VistulaOder Strategic Offensive from January 1945, distinguishing itself in the capture of Jabonna, the crossing of the Vistula, and the battle for Warsaw, and the siege of Bromberg. In February, the division transferred to the army's 77th Rifle Corps. On 6 April it received the Order of Suvorov, 2nd class, for its actions. The division went on to fight in the East Pomeranian Offensive and the Berlin Offensive, in the battles for Deutsch-Krone and Schneidemuhl, the crossing of the Oder and the Havel and the capture of Brandenburg. Gorshenin was demoted promoted to deputy corps commander after late April, being replaced by Major General Pyotr Polyakov. The 260th ended the war with the corps in the Berlin Offensive in May. Postwar, the division became part of the Group of Soviet Occupation Forces in Germany with the 129th Rifle Corps, still part of the 47th Army. In early 1946, it was transferred to the 7th Rifle Corps of the 3rd Shock Army. In June 1946, the 260th was withdrawn with the corps to the Moscow Military District, where it was disbanded.
Knowledge Related to Moro Islamic Liberation Front
Knowledge Related to Moro Islamic Liberation Front
The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF; Arabic: Jabhat Tarr Moro al-Islmiyyah) is a group based in Mindanao, Philippines seeking an autonomous region of the Moro people from the central government. The group has a presence in the Bangsamoro region of Mindanao, the Sulu Archipelago, Palawan, Basilan, and other neighbouring islands. The armed wing of the group was the Bangsamoro Islamic Armed Forces (BIAF) although the name of the parent organization MILF, was often used to refer to BIAF. · Other Related Knowledge of Front & Inside View Camera Struggles of Front & Inside View Camera Memorandum of Agreement on Ancestral DomainOn August 4, 2008, the Supreme Court of the Philippines issued a temporary restraining order, preventing the Government and the MILF from officially signing the Memorandum of Agreement on Ancestral Domain, which would conclude all dispute and begin formal talks that would lead to the drafting and eventual signing of a Final Comprehensive Compact between the two groups. The Court accepted motions by the southern provincial governments that object to the extended boundaries for the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao envisioned in the peace deal. The MOA-AD would have allowed the Moro people gained control of the region under the concept of human rights with the right to establish a police force and to control natural resources. The MOA-AD was initialed by former governor and peace panel chair Rodolfo Garca and Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process Hermogenes Esperon and MILF peace panel chair Mohagher Iqbal on July 27 in Malaysia. It was scheduled for formal signing on August 5, but the Supreme Court issued no negotiation preventing the executive department from signing the agreement. The MOA-AD is the last of several agenda items under the 2001 agreement of the GRP-MILF. after security and relief and rehabilitation, prior to the discussion on the political settlement. The Young Moro Professionals Network (YMPN) appealed to the public not to be afraid of the MOA-AD and to "open your hearts to the Moro grievance". The YMPN said in a statement dated August 21: "In these times of hardship, we hold hands as one, with our Christian and Islamic neighbours, in the name of peace, acceptance and justice. We are committed to democratic and peaceful resolution of the conflict. Do not be afraid of the MOA-AD. To the national public, open your hearts to the Moro grievance. "Over the next month, several MILF commanders were tagged by government officials as having initiated an offensive campaign. This was responded by the Armed Forces of the Philippines, which immediately deployed ten battalions composed of a total of 6,000 soldiers into Mindanao under the command of Lt. Gen. Cardozo Luna. The violence displaced over 600,000 people and left about 300 dead. On October 14, 2008, the Court conducted a series of divided votes declared "contrary to law and the Constitution" the MOA-AD of the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and Moro Islamic Liberation Front Tripoli Agreement of Peace on 2001. The document of Conchita Carpio-Morales ruled: "In sum, the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process committed grave abuse of discretion when he failed to carry out the pertinent consultation process. The furtive process by which the MOA-AD was designed and crafted runs contrary to and in excess of the legal authority and amounts to a whimsical, capricious, oppressive, arbitrary and despotic exercise thereof. It illustrates a gross evasion of positive duty and a virtual refusal to perform the duty enjoined." Civil society organizations such as Consortium of Bangsamoro Civil Society had submitted a Motion for Reconsideration. However, the Supreme Court affirmed its October 14 ruling that declared unconstitutional the initialed MOA-AD between the Philippine government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front on November 21, 2008. MILF soldiers offered to help free the Irish priest father Michael Sinott, who was kidnapped in the Philippines on October 14, 2009 and sought permission to deploy about 100 of its soldiers in the area where Sinnott is believed to be held. However it was turned down by the Philippine government. Modification of demandsOn September 23, 2010, Mohagher Iqbal said that the MILF will pursue a substate, likened to a U.S. state, instead of independence from the Philippines. The Muslim substate would not exercise power over national defense, foreign affairs, currency and coinage, and postal services, which the central government exercises. Igbal further added that the substate would not have its own armed forces but instead would have troops for internal security. Peace talksOn October 7, 2012, President Benigno Aquino announced a peace deal with the MILF and that "This framework agreement paves the way for a final and enduring peace in Mindanao". MILF Vice Chairman Ghazali Jaafar is quoted as saying "We are very happy. We thank the president for this." The deal was signed on October 15, 2012. Its aim is to pave the way to enduring peace between the two parties by officially envisaging an autonomous region in Mindanao. According to the framework, this semi-independent Muslim area would have a more just share of revenues from the extraction of its own plentiful resources, budgetary autonomy, its own police, and sharia law only for Muslims. In exchange for this, the MILF will stop armed movements against the government for autonomy and will allow the national government to retain its control of national security and foreign policy. The autonomy agreement to be gradually implemented will also rename the region Bangsamoro after the Moro people. Chief peace negotiator Miriam Coronel-Ferrer said that the government was cautiously optimistic for a final agreement soon following six days of talks on July 13, 2013. He said: "This signing indicates that both sides are really committed to finish the peace negotiations. Nobody wants this not to reach its fruition." The agreement would see government allowances for the MILF to have a 75 percent share of earnings from natural resources and metallic minerals in a proposed autonomous region. For other energy resources, earnings would be split equally in accordance with Malaysia-brokered talks. Peace agreementOn January 24, 2014, Philippine government chief negotiator Miriam Coronel Ferrer and MILF chief negotiator Mohagher Iqbal signed a peace agreement in Kuala Lumpur. The agreement would pave the way for the creation of the new Muslim autonomous entity called "Bangsamoro" under a law to be approved by the Philippine Congress. The government aims to set up the region by 2016. The agreement calls for Muslim self-rule in parts of the southern Philippines in exchange for a deactivation of rebel forces by the MILF. MILF forces would turn over their firearms to a third party selected by the MILF and the Philippine government. A regional police force would be established, and the Philippine military would reduce the presence of troops and help disband private armies in the area. President Rodrigo Duterte signed the law, a key step to ending a Muslim rebellion in the south of the mainly Catholic Philippines. In early January 2020, the OPAPP announced progress exceeding its target for the decommissioning of MILF fighters, noting that 8,879 out of the 12,000 MILF combatants were decommissioned from the last quarter of 2019. Some former rebel fighters have joined the police and military to protect certain areas of the Bangsamoro region until an elected government is established in 2022. ------ History of Front & Inside View Camera The Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) is a Moro and Lumad group formed in 1969 following the Jabidah massacre which happened in 1968 to achieve greater Bangsamoro autonomy in the southern Philippines. The MNLF took part in terrorist attacks and assassinations to achieve their goals. The government in Manila sent troops into the southern Philippines to control the insurgency. In 1976, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi brokered a negotiation between the Philippine government and MNLF Leader Nur Misuari which led to the signing of the MNLF-GRPH Tripoli Agreement of 1976 wherein the MNLF accepted the Philippine government's offer of semi-autonomy of the regions in dispute. The signing of this agreement brought about a serious rift in MNLF leadership, leading to the formation of a breakaway group in 1977 by Hashim Salamat and 57 MNLF officers. The group was initially known as "The New Leadership". Misuari expelled Salamat in December 1977, after which Salamat moved his new organization first to Cairo, Egypt and then, in 1980, to Lahore, Pakistan, where it engaged in diplomatic activities. This organization was formally established in 1984 as the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. Muammar Gaddafi became a longstanding supporter of the MILF after its emergence. In January 1987, the MNLF accepted the Philippine government's offer of semi-autonomy of the regions in dispute, subsequently leading to the establishment of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao on November 6, 1990. The MILF, however, refused to accept this offer and continued their insurgency operations. A general cessation of hostilities between the government in Manila and the MILF was signed in July 1997 but this agreement was abolished in 2000 by the Philippine Army under the administration of Philippine President Joseph Estrada. In response, the MILF declared a jihad against the government, its citizens and supporters. Under President Gloria Arroyo, the government entered into a cease-fire agreement with the MILF and resumed peace talks. Despite peace negotiations and the cease-fire agreement, the MILF attacked government troops in Maguindanao resulting in at least twenty-three deaths in January 2005. The combined armies of the MILF and Abu Sayyaf were involved in days of fighting which necessitated government troops using heavy artillery to engage rebel forces. The bombing incident in Davao Airport in 2003 which the Philippine government blamed on MILF members, raised speculation that the peace negotiations might be ineffectual in bringing peace to Mindanao if the MILF is unable to control its operatives. The MILF denies ties with terrorist group Jemaah Islamiyah, although Jemaah Islamiyah is considered to have provided them with training facilities in areas they control. The MILF also continues to deny connections with Al-Qaeda, though it has admitted to sending around 600 volunteers to Al-Qaeda training camps in Afghanistan and that Osama Bin Laden sent money to the Philippines, though the group denies directly receiving any payment. From June 28 to July 6, 2006, conflict between the MILF and armed civilian volunteers under Maguindanao Province governor Andal Ampatuan who were supported by the Philippine Army had been reported. The fighting began after governor Ampatuan blamed the MILF for a June 23 bomb attack on his motorcade, which killed five in his entourage. The MILF denied responsibility, but Ampatuan sent police and civilian volunteers to arrest MILF members connected to the attack. Four thousand families were reported displaced by the fighting that followed, which was ended by a cease-fire agreement signed on July 10 and 11. Talks between the MILF and the government collapsed in 2008 after a Supreme Court decision in Sema vs. COMELEC which rejected a preliminary accord that would have expanded the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. In 2011, the MILF withdrew their demands for independence, instead saying that they would pursue substate status, likened to a U.S. state instead of independence from the Philippines.
What Functions Are Equipped with Automatic Gates_ Taigewang Technology
What Functions Are Equipped with Automatic Gates_ Taigewang Technology
Automatic gate, also known as intelligent gate, mainly plays the role of blocking vehicles in and out. Compared with ordinary gate, it has some intelligent and humanized design. At the beginning, the gate was used in highway toll collection, but with the development of society, it has been widely used in parking lots, communities, enterprises and institutions. Moreover, with the rapid growth of vehicles, the demand for road gates is more and more, the requirements are higher and higher, and the application technology is more and more advanced. For example, safety devices such as vehicle detector, infrared sensor and pressure wave are configured to avoid injury to passing pedestrians and vehicles when the brake rod drops. Hardware equipment has also been upgraded. Most of them are equipped with integrated movement, advanced transmission mechanism (such as hydraulic pressure) and more stable and accurate balance device. Several control modes are also provided, such as control handle, online control, wireless remote control, external system control (such as management computer), etc. There are also many choices for the take-off and landing time of the gate, such as 1s, 3S, 6S, etc., which can be used as needed in different places. The high-end gate is generally equipped with many functions, such as intelligent anti lifting function, resistance return device, temperature rise function (to ensure that it can be used in the environment of minus 40 degrees), exhaust cooling system (to reduce the motor temperature in time), automatic clutch device, anti-collision rod release device and so on. After talking so much, what I want to say is that the times are changing. The road gate with only basic functions can be said to be fully armed. I don't know whether it is convenient for us or we make simplicity more complicated.)
What Should Be Paid Attention to When Selecting Equipment for Intelligent Parking Lot Management Sys
What Should Be Paid Attention to When Selecting Equipment for Intelligent Parking Lot Management Sys
With the improvement of living standards, private motor vehicles can be seen everywhere. The following problems are also exposed, such as difficulty in parking and finding cars. Since 2012, intelligent parking lot management system has been a hot topic. From the charging mode of one person, one bag and one bench in the 1980s to the parking charging management mode in the early 1990s to the current intelligent parking lot management system mode, we have been looking for the best parking management mode. At present, the latest intelligent parking mode combines cloud computer technology and Internet of things technology to effectively solve a series of traditional parking problems, such as car search, parking, departure prompt, parking guidance, self-service payment and so on. So now there are many kinds of intelligent parking lot management systems in society. What should we pay attention to when choosing? Now let's follow taigewang to see how to choose parking equipment? At present, the common problems of our intelligent parking lot management system are mainly reflected in the problems of parking lot hardware equipment, computer host, anti smashing and anti-collision of parking gate, communication mode, etc., which need to be paid attention to when selecting equipment. First of all, we need to consider the equipment stability of the intelligent parking lot management system. The stability of the parking lot management system in use is the premise. In case of equipment paralysis and other problems, it will damage the interests of the owner. At present, most controllers still have some faults, so we should choose a CPU motherboard with high stability. Secondly, the parking lot gate system lasts for a long time, and there are situations such as the gate smashing, not opening, and the aisle gate not lowering the lever. Therefore, when selecting the parking lot gate, we should select the anti smashing brand with good crash configuration, movement, control motherboard, controller and vehicle detector with low failure rate. At present, there are four anti smashing modes most used in the intelligent parking lot, digital anti smashing, Pressure wave anti smashing, vehicle detector ground induction coil induction and infrared anti smashing. At present, digital anti smashing is widely used. In addition, the charging computer also needs to be carefully selected. The computer records the card information, so a backup charging scheme is needed in the preliminary design to reduce losses. At the same time, various charging methods can prevent the trouble caused by power failure. At ordinary times, it is also necessary to distinguish between temporary vehicles and fixed vehicles. At present, there are two types of self-service payment and manual payment, which can be selected according to the actual situation of the parking lot. Finally, pay attention to the communication mode of the parking lot system. Before, most of them used RS485 communication mode, which is greatly affected by the environment and equipment. At present, it is recommended to choose TCP / IP communication mode, which has fast download and upload speed, no load problem, anti-interference, stable operation and can be used in all sizes. Intelligent parking lot management system will be used more and more widely. Different parking lot systems have different functions, and some large supermarkets, shopping malls, office buildings and unit parking will be different. Therefore, some details need to be paid attention to in the design and selection.
Five Advantages of Intelligent Parking System in Community Application_ Taigewang Technology
Five Advantages of Intelligent Parking System in Community Application_ Taigewang Technology
Now the newly-built communities are equipped with intelligent parking lot system. The intelligent parking lot system has irreplaceable advantages in community vehicle management, which is mainly reflected in the following aspects. 1、 Multiple charging methods to flexibly meet various management needs. The intelligent parking lot system has a flexible payment method, which can easily meet the needs of different users, such as temporary users, fixed users, special users, monthly rent users, etc. These can be set in the system to meet different management needs. 2、 High degree of automation, reduce staff work intensity and improve management efficiency. The intelligent parking lot adopts a variety of advanced technologies, such as smart card technology, Bluetooth technology, license plate recognition technology, etc., which can realize the unmanned management of the entrance, improve the management efficiency and reduce the cost of workers. 3、 Improve safety precautions to prevent vehicles from being stolen. The intelligent parking lot system is equipped with a surveillance camera to automatically capture and compare incoming and outgoing vehicles, so as to effectively prevent vehicles from being stolen. 4、 The system is user-friendly and easy to operate and manage. Moreover, the parking lot equipment is equipped with computer voice prompt, help intercom, highlighted led Chinese and English, digital display screen, automatic parking space statistics, full space prompt, etc., which is convenient for users. 5、 Rigorous charging and blocking charging loopholes. The intelligent parking lot system adopts computer billing and charging, and each payment is recorded in the system. The charging is accurate. At the same time, it also has a variety of means to block the charging loopholes, avoid cash loss and ensure the income of the parking lot.
What Are the Methods of Face Recognition_ Taigewang Technology
What Are the Methods of Face Recognition_ Taigewang Technology
First, the face recognition method of geometric features: geometric features can be the shape of eyes, nose, mouth and the geometric relationship between them (such as the distance between them). These algorithms have high recognition speed and small memory, but the recognition rate is low. Second, face recognition method based on feature face (PCA): feature face method is a face recognition method based on KL transform, which is an optimal orthogonal transform of image compression. After KL transformation, a new set of orthogonal bases is obtained from the high-dimensional image space, and the important orthogonal bases are retained, which can be expanded into a low-dimensional linear space. Assuming that the projections of human face in these low dimensional linear spaces are separable, these projections can be used as feature vectors for recognition, which is the basic idea of feature face method. These methods need more training samples, and are completely based on the statistical characteristics of image gray. At present, there are some improved feature face methods. Third, face recognition method of neural network: the input of neural network can be face image with reduced resolution, autocorrelation function of local region, second-order moment of local texture, etc. Such methods also need more samples for training, and in many applications, the number of samples is very limited. Fourth, the face recognition method of elastic graph matching: the elastic graph matching method defines a distance that is invariant to the usual face deformation in two-dimensional space, and uses the attribute topology to represent the face. Any vertex of the topology contains a feature vector to record the information of the face near the vertex. This method combines the gray characteristics and geometric factors, allows the image to have elastic deformation during comparison, and has achieved good results in overcoming the influence of expression change on recognition. At the same time, it does not need multiple samples for training for a single person.
Intelligent Parking Lot Enters the Era of Unmanned Management_ Taigewang Technology
Intelligent Parking Lot Enters the Era of Unmanned Management_ Taigewang Technology
With the rise of artificial intelligence technology, various business models represented by no one are rising rapidly. Although this concept is not new, it has been limited by technology and its applications are relatively limited. The development of artificial intelligence technology has opened up a new way to realize the unmanned mode. The unmanned economy represented by unmanned retail stores is rapidly popularizing. In the intelligent parking industry, the application represented by unattended parking has also become the torrent of the era of unmanned economy! With the continuous improvement of unattended parking management technology in parking enterprises, the next step will be the development of unattended parking system. Similar to the development of intelligent parking lot, the level of intelligent parking lot in China is still less than 5%. The reason is that, on the one hand, the intelligent parking system is not perfect, and the intelligent parking technology is developed late in China; On the other hand, it is the pressure of capital cost, and the construction cost of parking lot is still low. The emergence of unattended parking lot has greatly improved the product technology and effectively solved the problems of identification, transportation and so on. In terms of capital cost, the use of unattended parking lot system will greatly reduce the cost of parking operation, which is one of the attractions of intelligent parking lot construction. Although China's driverless parking is based on the style of driverless economy, different from the services provided by driverless stores, the successful experience of driverless parking and the long-term attention of domestic parking companies to driverless parking technology will make driverless parking faster and better. There are difficulties in this regard, but the future is also bright. I believe that the intelligent parking lot will eventually be unmanaged
no data
Shenzhen TGW Technology Co.,Ltd is the leading access control solution provider for vehicle intelligent parking system, license plate recognition recognition system and pedestrian access control turnstile and face recognition terminals.
no data

Shenzhen TigerWong Technology Co.,Ltd

Tel: +86 0755-23773884 


Add: Room 601-605, Building 6, 1980 Science and Technology Industrial Park,  Longhua Street, Longhua District, Shenzhen


Copyright © 2021 Shenzhen TigerWong Technology Co.,Ltd  | Sitemap
chat online
Please message us and we’ll be sure to respond ASAP, what product you intrested in?