ID Card Printer Dubai, Biometric Access Control System UAE

ID Vision team has more than 15 years experience in end-to-end identity management solutions, including ID card printing services and other smart and security products and solutions. We are one of the major smart card and id card printer suppliers to Egypt and other Middle Eastern countries at affordable prices with fast delivery and one of best after sales service and customer support. with over 75 years of service, we have the expertise to provide reliable security solutions.

Turnstiles are an effective security solution to your access and control plan. Check out AliExpress for a variety of Access Control SystemView all posts by barryyungOriginally published at buysmartcard.com on March 5, 2019

As technology continues to innovate, there are a number of access control solutions that use biometric data to control access to a facility. Some providers can handle an unlimited number of doors. Contact us at

While many of the coworking CRMs have some kind of integration with an access control technology, it's recommended to check first before deciding on a management tool.

ID Card Printer Dubai, Biometric Access Control System UAE 1

ID Vision team has more than 15 years experience in end-to-end identity management solutions, including ID card printing services and other smart and security products and solutions. With our dedication to high quality customer service, we provide a secure and convenient ordering system. As a matter of fact, our skills and products are used by some of the most security-conscious organizations in UAE, GCC, Middle East and Africa. We deal in industry leading products & solutions. We are the leading dealers, for everything you need to create durable and professional-looking ID cards. Hence we are proudly number 1 in smart card solutions business in Dubai. Our client base includes individuals and small businesses to high profile private, government and educational institutions. We specialize in small to medium volume print runs with an extremely fast turnaround, including if required, same day service. Whether your organization is large or small, we can assist you in choosing the right ID cards or correct size and thickness of plastic that will meet your identification and laminating requirements. Our plastic Id printers are capable of printing any types of card from visual IDs to financial cards and access control cards. When it comes to Security systems, Access Control and time attendance systems, fingerprint readers, capturing devices, card software solutions, id card printing machines, no one can beat us. We are the master supplier company based in Al Mamzar, Dubai and the most trusted dealers in Abu Dhabi, Sharjah and other part of UAE. We are one of the major smart card and id card printer suppliers to Egypt and other Middle Eastern countries at affordable prices with fast delivery and one of best after sales service and customer support.

Best Access Control System For Your Door Security | Openpath

A thorough access control system review should also cover installation methods. For buildings with existing access control hardware, any new systems should be backwards-compatible with legacy control panels, and use plug-and-play wiring to make installing quick and efficient. For new builds, you have a little more flexibility. However, a system with standard wiring and plentiful input/output options offers a future-proofed installation in case you need to make updates down the road. The last thing you want is to leave your business vulnerable to a security breach because your access control deployment is taking longer than anticipated.

Physical Security Access Control Systems | Greetly

ID Card Printer Dubai, Biometric Access Control System UAE 2

The beauty of access control systems - as opposed to issuing actual keys to open physical locks - is the ability to designate which credentials can open which doors, and to turn off access at a moment's notice. it is far too easy for a physical key to be lost or stolen, requiring physical door lock changes that are quite costly.

Benefits of Implementing an Access Control System | Morefield

At morefield communications, we help find the security solutions that fit your needs, size and budget. access control systems are an excellent solution to security needs that work well on their own and as part of a physical security network. with over 75 years of service, we have the expertise to provide reliable security solutions.

Designing Access Control Guide

Many installers use the 'magnetic' bullet types in every situation and struggle with seemingly sporadic false alarms and system trouble ever after. Like other access components, choosing the right door position switch depends significantly on the door - which type of door it is, how often it is used, and even which direction it faces.

How to Set Up Access Control: The Complete Guide For Beginners

One of the biggest reasons we hear about people putting off access control is the problem with the locks. You may think you are getting in over your head when you read about all the different kinds of locks there are, and all the different skill sets and procedures that each lock require.

Access Control Installation: What You Need to Know

Costs can vary widely based on the city your facility is in, the type of ceilings in the facility, how far the doors are from the IT room and what type of locks are needed for different types of doors. In order to give a general idea of cost, we typically see an average of $650/door in installation cost and another $800/door in hardware (lock, reader, controller, motion sensor).

How NFC-enabled Smartphones can be your New Access Control?

Until recently, biometric templates such as those for iris recognition were carried on a plastic credential and presented for authentication by holding the card in front of an iris recognition camera. now, these same templates can be carried inside an nfc-enabled smartphone along with other digital id credentials for physical and logical access control.

AutomatedBuildings.com Article - Opening the Door to IP POE-Powered Access Control Systems

Ccess control systems that incorporate IP and Power-Over-Ethernet (POE) components were introduced to the marketplace almost two years ago. The evolution of access control systems to structured cabling, IP protocols and POE was inevitable; look what happen to telephone and video surveillance systems. The transformation leverages the existing IT infrastructure, eliminates the need for local power, consolidates and saves labor costs for cable installation, reduces the time to install system devices, is more scalable and provides a large base of management tools and support. The move is subtlety but surely changing the design and deployment of access control systems.

What is Access Control? Important security data protection | UpGuard

For example, an organization may employ an electronic control system that relies on user credentials, access card readers, intercom, auditing and reporting to track which employees have access and have accessed a restricted data center. this system may incorporate an access control panel that can restrict entry to individual rooms and buildings, as well as sound alarms, initiate lockdown procedures and prevent unauthorized access.

Door Access Control System: Uses, Options, and Pricing

In terms of pricing, the industry average for door access control systems ranges from $1,000 - $4,000 per door. The overall price will depend on: • Hardware needs: for instance, the number of card keys or key fobs you need to issue. • Software needs: for instance, integrating door control software with your back-end computer systems.

Biometric / Fingerprint Access Control

The new FaceStation is a dedicated face recognition terminal. It is a perfect combination of beauty and performance. Using Suprema's proprietary algorithms combined with state-of-the-art hardware, FaceStation provides near real-time template matching results. FaceStation comes with a wide array of features & functions, which can be accessed through an intuitive user friendly Graphical User Interface. It can be used in both standalone or network environments and is the ultimate in facial recognition technology. Find out more…

What Is Access Control and Why Does Your Business Need It?

Whereas the other types of authorization equipment rely on what a person owns (key fob) or knows (pin number), a biometric device measures who a person is. These devices can almost instantaneously scan thousands of points on a person's face or fingertip to know who the person is, and what areas they are allowed to access.

Buy #1 Turnstile Tripod Gate Access Control Systems Attractive Price

Turnstiles are an effective security solution to your access and control plan. Often installed in public transport stations, stadiums, factories, and warehouses, these gates serve the purpose of crowd management efficiently and ensure the safety of the location, and convenience. Turnstiles installations at factories also have the provision of attendance management along with the securing the premises. Undoubtedly, turnstiles can be used on many other errands and can be custom-made as per your requirement.

Types of Access Control System - A Thomas Buying Guide

1. discretionary access control (dac) is a form of an access control system that holds the company owner accountable for deciding which individuals are physically or digitally permitted at a particular place. compared to other systems, dac is the least restrictive, as it mainly enables full individual control over any objects they own, as well as the programs connected with those objects.

Access Control System — which is the best?

An access control system is used for security purpose, including physical security and information security; it is the selective restriction of access to a place or into a network. It can help you to secure your facilities, assets, and networks.Access Control System recognizes authenticates and authorizes entry of a person to enter into the premise or network thereby giving complete protection ensuring security with the system. There are different kinds of access control systems that can meet your unique needsSwipe card access control systemthe classic and can only see in the old moviesProximity card access control systemgood reading distance and secure, still use in a lot of corporate offices and offices.Smart card access control systembecomes the most popular choice as the same card can be used in different applications such as library card, cashless payment, loyalty cardA biometric access control systemLooks elegant with higher security and convenience. The drawback is that a small percentage of people have a bad fingerprint and cannot use it. Check out AliExpress for a variety of Access Control SystemView all posts by barryyungOriginally published at buysmartcard.com on March 5, 2019

Access Control Systems: A Guide to Keyless Entry —

As technology continues to innovate, there are a number of access control solutions that use biometric data to control access to a facility. This can be with the use of credentials from a finger print, facial recognition or retina scanning. These are commonly used in government and high-level security facilities, but are becoming more and more popular.

How to Integrate Access Control Systems With Automatic Door Openers

As businesses everywhere are working their way through the Covid-19 pandemic, we've been getting calls from our clients to help them open their doors safely - and we mean that literally. We have been installing automatic door openers to create hands-free door entry systems for office suites, office bathrooms and more.

Openpath, Allegion Expand Mobile & Cloud Based Access Control Capabilities to All Doors with Schlage Wireless Locks Integration

"As the tenants return to commercial buildings and offices, there is no shortage of challenges and demands for new commercial building environments that prioritize safety, offer cutting-edge technology and hybrid-schedule flexibility," said James Segil, President & Co-Founder of Openpath. "We are proud to work with Allegion and its premier brand Schlage, to help change office landscapes for the better, solving for the needs of today and tomorrow."

Best Access Control Systems Compared by Crazy Egg

Costs associated with installation vary from one system to another. Some providers can handle an unlimited number of doors. Others have capacities for each control panel. Make sure you understand these requirements ahead of time, as you might have to install additional control panels to accommodate the access control system.

Access Control System Pricing: 2021 Average Cost (Per Door)

No matter what access control solution you consider, remember that every solution (other than a traditional physical lock and key) must begin with an electric lock. With an electric lock, comes separate costs. To learn more, read the blog post First Things First: What Every Business Should Do Before Selecting an Access Control Solution.

What are the Different Types of Access Control Credentials Available?

The next step towards a more sophisticated access control system, is a physical credential for each person allowed entrance into a building. a key fob, magnetic stripe card, proximity card, or smart card (typically id badges) are all examples of physical credentials that could be used in lieu of having a keypad with a pin number. each type of physical credential operates a little differently.

Security Best Practice: Understanding Access Control for Lightning Components

When you add an attribute to your component bundle to store retrieved data, by default the access level to that data on the attribute is global.Levels of Accessprivate — Available within the component, app, interface, event, or method.public — Available to anything within your org instance. global — Available in all orgs. How to set accessYou simply set an access attribute on the aura:attribute tag, like this: Best Practice and why it matters?By default you should add access="private" to all of your data attributes. This is best practice falling under the Principle of Least Privilege. You do not want to share access to data unless it is legitimately necessary. If you are dealing with sensitive data that falls under regulations such as GDPR or HIPAA, Eigen X has experts that can help you manage sensitive data. Contact us at

Access Control vs Smart Locks for Coworking Spaces

While many of the coworking CRMs have some kind of integration with an access control technology, it's recommended to check first before deciding on a management tool. The field of API software integrations is booming, allowing related companies to foster deep partnerships, and reduces the headache for the end user.

How Do Hotel Key Cards Work? | Hotel Access Control Explained

Other possible risks associated with key cards, which can not be classified as key card myths are those ensuing from third-party vendors integrated into the same guest access management system. However, these systems are also based on strict rule compliance, so breaches are not something that needs to be expected.

Access Control Card Readers: How to Choose the Right Technology for Your Organization

However, there are many different card reader systems on the market. this makes it challenging to identify the system that best matches your company's needs. here, we explore your access control card reader options and see how you can make an informed purchasing decision that will best fit your needs.

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Understand Logical Access Control
Understand Logical Access Control
An Introduction to logical access controlNetwork neutrality, most commonly called net neutrality, is the principle that Internet service providers (ISPs) must treat all Internet communications equally, and not discriminate or charge differently based on user, content, website, platform, application, type of equipment, source address, destination address, or method of communication.With net neutrality, ISPs may not intentionally block, slow down, or charge money for specific online content. Without net neutrality, ISPs may prioritize certain types of traffic, meter others, or potentially block traffic from specific services, while charging consumers for various tiers of service.The term was coined by Columbia University media law professor Tim Wu in 2003, as an extension of the longstanding concept of a common carrier, which was used to describe the role of telephone systems. Net neutrality regulations may be referred to as "common carrier" regulations. Net neutrality does not block all abilities that Internet service providers have to impact their customers' services. Opt-in/opt-out services exist on the end user side, and filtering can be done on a local basis, as in the filtration of sensitive material for minors.Research suggests that a combination of policy instruments will help realize the range of valued political and economic objectives central to the network neutrality debate. Combined with strong public opinion, this has led some governments to regulate broadband Internet services as a public utility, similar to the way electricity, gas, and the water supply are regulated, along with limiting providers and regulating the options those providers can offer.Proponents of net neutrality, which include computer science experts, consumer advocates, human rights organizations, and Internet content providers claim that net neutrality helps to provide freedom of information exchange, promotes competition and innovation for Internet services, and upholds standardization of Internet data transmission which was essential for its growth. Opponents of net neutrality, which include ISPs, and telecom equipment manufacturers, assert that net neutrality requirements would reduce their incentive to build out the Internet, reduces competition in the marketplace, and may raise their operating costs which they would have to pass along to their users.Net neutrality is administered on a national or regional basis, though much of the world's focus has been on the conflict over net neutrality in the United States. Net neutrality in the US has been a topic since the early 1990s, as they were one of the world leaders in online service providing. In 2019, the Save the Internet Act to "guarantee broadband internet users equal access to online content" was passed by the United States House of Representatives but not by the US Senate. However, they face the same problems as the rest of the world. Finding an appropriate solution to creating more regulation for Internet Service Providers has been a major work in progress.Legal aspects of logical access controlLegal enforcement of net neutrality principles takes a variety of forms, from provisions that outlaw anti-competitive blocking and "throttling" of Internet services, all the way to legal enforcement that prevents companies from subsidizing Internet use on particular sites. Contrary to popular rhetoric and statements by various individuals involved in the ongoing academic debate, research suggests that a single policy instrument (such as a no-blocking policy or a quality of service tiering policy) cannot achieve the range of valued political and economic objectives central to the debate. As Bauer and Obar suggest, "safeguarding multiple goals requires a combination of instruments that will likely involve government and nongovernment measures. Furthermore, promoting goals such as the freedom of speech, political participation, investment, and innovation calls for complementary policies."Issues of logical access controlDiscrimination by protocolDiscrimination by protocol is the favouring or blocking information based on aspects of the communications protocol that the computers are using to communicate. In the US, a complaint was filed with the Federal Communications Commission against the cable provider Comcast alleging they had illegally inhibited users of its high-speed Internet service from using the popular file-sharing software BitTorrent. Comcast admitted no wrongdoing in its proposed settlement of up to US$16 dollars per share in December 2009. However, a U.S. appeals court ruled in April 2010 that the FCC exceeded its authority when it sanctioned Comcast in 2008 for deliberately preventing some subscribers from using peer-to-peer file-sharing services to download large files. However, the FCC spokeswoman Jen Howard responded, "the court in no way disagreed with the importance of preserving a free and open Internet, nor did it close the door to other methods for achieving this important end". Despite the ruling in favour of Comcast, a study by Measurement Lab in October 2011 verified that Comcast had virtually stopped its BitTorrent throttling practices.Discrimination by IP addressDuring the 1990s, creating a non-neutral Internet was technically infeasible. Originally developed to filter harmful malware, the Internet security company NetScreen Technologies released network firewalls in 2003 with so-called deep packet inspection capabilities. Deep packet inspection helped make real-time discrimination between different kinds of data possible, and is often used for Internet censorship. In a practice called zero-rating, companies will not invoice data use related to certain IP addresses, favoring use of those services. Examples include Facebook Zero, Wikipedia Zero, and Google Free Zone. These zero-rating practices are especially common in the developing world.Sometimes Internet Service Providers (ISPs) will charge some companies, but not others, for the traffic they cause on the ISP's network. French telecom operator Orange, complaining that traffic from YouTube and other Google sites consist of roughly 50% of total traffic on the Orange network, made a deal with Google, in which they charge Google for the traffic incurred on the Orange network. Some also thought that Orange's rival ISP Free throttled YouTube traffic. However, an investigation done by the French telecommunications regulatory body revealed that the network was simply congested during peak hours.Aside from the zero-rating method, ISPs will also use certain strategies to reduce costs of pricing plans such as the use of sponsored data. In a scenario where a sponsored data plan is used, a third-party will step in and pay for all the content that it (or the carrier or consumer) does not want around. This is generally used as a way for ISP's to remove out-of-pocket costs from subscribers.One of the criticisms regarding discrimination is that the system set up by ISPs for this purpose is capable of not only discriminating but also scrutinizing full-packet content of communications. For instance, the deep packet inspection technology installs intelligence within the lower layers in the work to discover and identify the source, type, and destination of packets, revealing information about packets traveling in the physical infrastructure so it can dictate the quality of transport such packet will receive. This is seen as an architecture of surveillance, one that can be shared with intelligence agencies, copyrighted content owners, and civil litigants, exposing the users' secrets in the process.Favoring private networksProponents of net neutrality argue that without new regulations, Internet service providers would be able to profit from and favor their own private protocols over others. ISPs are able to encourage the use of specific services by using private networks to discriminate what data is counted against bandwidth caps. For example, Comcast struck a deal with Microsoft that allowed users to stream television through the Xfinity app on their Xbox 360s without it affecting their bandwidth limit. However, utilizing other television streaming apps, such as Netflix, HBO Go, and Hulu, counted towards the limit. Comcast denied that this infringed on net neutrality principles since "it runs its Xfinity for Xbox service on its own, private Internet protocol network". In 2009, when AT&T was bundling iPhone 3G with its 3G network service, the company placed restrictions on which iPhone applications could run on its network. According to proponents of net neutrality, this capitalization on which content producers ISPs can favor would ultimately lead to fragmentation, where some ISPs would have certain content that is not necessarily present in the networks offered by other ISPs. The danger behind fragmentation, as viewed by proponents of net neutrality, is the concept that there could be "multiple 'Internets,'" where some ISPs offer exclusive internet applications or services or make it more difficult to gain access internet content that may be more easily viewable through other internet service providers. An example of a fragmented service would be television, where some cable providers offer exclusive media from certain content providers. However, in theory, allowing ISPs to favor certain content and private networks would overall improve internet services since they would be able to recognize packets of information that are more time-sensitive and prioritize that over packets that are not as sensitive to latency. The issue, as explained by Robin S. Lee and Tim Wu, is that there are literally too many ISPs and internet content providers around the world to reach an agreement on how to standardize that prioritization. A proposed solution would be to allow all online content to be accessed and transferred freely, while simultaneously offering a "fast lane" for a preferred service that does not discriminate on the content provider.Peering discriminationThere is disagreement about whether peering is a net neutrality issue. In the first quarter of 2014, streaming website Netflix reached an arrangement with ISP Comcast to improve the quality of its service to Netflix clients. This arrangement was made in response to increasingly slow connection speeds through Comcast over the course of 2013, where average speeds dropped by over 25% of their values a year before to an all-time low. After the deal was struck in January 2014, the Netflix speed index recorded a 66% increase in connection. Netflix agreed to a similar deal with Verizon in 2014, after Verizon DSL customers' connection speed dropped to less than 1 Mbit/s early in the year. Netflix spoke out against this deal with a controversial statement delivered to all Verizon customers experiencing low connection speeds, using the Netflix client. This sparked an internal debate between the two companies that led to Verizon's obtaining a cease and desist order on 5 June 2014 that forced Netflix to stop displaying this message.Favoring fast-loading websitesPro-net neutrality arguments have also noted that regulations are also necessary due to research that has shown low-tolerance to slow-loading content providers. In a 2009 research study conducted by Forrester Research, online shoppers expected the web pages they visited to download content instantly. When a page fails to load at the expected speed, many of them simply click out. A study found that even a one-second delay could lead to "11% fewer page views, a 16% decrease in customer satisfaction, and 7% loss in conversions". This delay can cause a severe problem to small innovators who have created new technology. If a website is slow by default, the general public will lose interest and favor a website that runs faster. This helps large corporate companies maintain power because they have the means to fund faster Internet speeds. On the other hand, smaller competitors have less financial capabilities making it harder for them to succeed in the online world.
When Security Means Business.
When Security Means Business.
Good protection proved critical to profits at Communication Concepts, Inc. (CCI), a twenty-five-year old direct mail and marketing firm whose clients made better security at the facility a condition of doing business. Communication Concepts, Inc., (CCI) had always relied on mechanical locks to secure its facility. There were no security officers or electronic security systems the company never saw a need for them. But when two of its clients insisted that CCI increase its security measures as a condition of doing business, the company saw an opportunity not only to keep its customers happy but also to better protect its personnel and other assets. Three months and $250,000 later, the company had an electronic access control system and CCTV surveillance capability that has dramatically improved security and boosted business. CCI was founded twenty-five years ago in Ivyland, Pennsylvania, about thirty miles north of Philadelphia. The company has slowly grown over the years and now occupies seven buildings on about ten acres in an industrial park. The company's main business is to handle direct mail promotional campaigns for a variety of clients, including banks, retailers, and credit card companies. From its 80,000-square-foot lettershop, employees collate promotional materials, insert them in envelopes, and deliver them to the on-site U.S. Post Office for mailing. In all, CCI mails about 400 million packages of all sizes each year for corporate clients. In 1997, two of these clients asked CCI to improve its security. Although CCI had never had a breach of security, the clients felt that mechanical keys were no longer safe enough to protect the many sensitive documents that clients give to CCI as a routine part of business (for example, banks often hire CCI to mail out financial statements to account holders). The company responded immediately, appointing the facility and operations manager to a project team to develop a plan for access control and surveillance. SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS. CCI had a large, permanent staff of 650 employees, plus it frequently used temporary employees from employment agencies. It also had high turnover. These factors combined to make key control difficult. The project team, therefore, agreed that, though the old mechanical locks had worked well over the years, the company now required an electronic access control system. An electronic system would allow the company to remove unauthorized cardholders from the database without having to rekey an entire facility. The company also wanted an electronic access control system that could be integrated with its time and attendance system, which was scheduled to be upgraded. Having a dual system would make it easier for the company to manage both functions, while allowing employees to carry only one card. CCI also wanted a system that could be controlled from a single location. With seven buildings, the company did not want individual control stations in each building requiring someone to make multiple computer entries when changes were required, such as deleting an employee from the card database. In addition, CCI wanted a security system that could communicate over the telephone lines already in place. All of the system components also had to be Year 2000-compliant. Another initial requirement for the system was that it use proximity technology for the access card and that it be integrated with a photo ID badging station. Proximity cards tend to last longer than badges that are continually swiped through a reader. In addition, the company had already selected proximity technology for the upgrade of its time and attendance system. By using the same technology, the two systems could share one database. FEATURES. CCI met with four vendors, examined their access control products, and eventually took bids from each. The access control and video badging system offered by Hirsch Electronics was selected. The system, which was installed by Access Security Corporation of Warminster, Pennsylvania, is run from a password-protected central computer located at the company's human resource (HR) department. Authorized personnel in HR and the facility manager are responsible for administering it. They make employee ID badges, program the system for access privileges, and maintain the database. Card readers have been installed on about forty doors in the seven buildings, including both exterior and interior doors. Another forty-one doors were not equipped with card readers, although they are monitored through the access control system. These doors are locked at all times with mechanical locks, but have been equipped with magnetic contacts that will sound an alarm both at the door and the central station whenever one of these doors is opened. Card readers are wired to a control panel in the individual buildings, with each control panel connected to the central computer via the company's existing fiber optic and copper wire telephone lines. The control panels are located in secure utility closets. Each panel can handle up to eight doors, with multiple panels used in buildings with more than eight doors. The panels keep an independent audit trail of each transaction and are capable of running the access control system for their building if the main computer goes down. This setup allowed the company to centralize access control. Any changes that must be made - such as voiding someone from the system - an only be done from the central PC. Employees need a card to access all buildings as well as interior doors to most departments. Human resources and maintenance, which are both located in the same building (along with several other departments), are the exceptions. Although all employees need an access card to enter the building, the doors to human resources and maintenance are unlocked during regular business hours. This approach was taken because of the high traffic to both departments. The company felt it was important to maintain an open atmosphere. In addition, management thought it would be more convenient to keep the maintenance department open because the crew is always coming and going. Equipment theft is not a problem in maintenance since at least one employee is in the office throughout the day. The access control software was originally programmed to automatically unlock the front doors to these departments in the morning and lock them again in the early evening. However, the company realized that this system could present a serious security risk on days when the facility was not open for business, such as during a holiday. To safeguard against having unlocked doors in the human resources and maintenance departments when the facility was unoccupied, the computer has been programmed with what has been called the "first-man-in" rule. Under this system, the doors to these departments remain locked until a valid badge is presented to the door at the start of a business day (Monday through Friday). The computer then automatically locks the doors at the end of the business day. In addition, because these departments sometimes close early or are shut down temporarily (such as for a large staff meeting in another building), the company has created a "disable" and "enable" badge. In cases in which all HR personnel must leave their department during regular office hours, the office can be locked with the disable badge. The doors remain locked until an employee uses the enable badge to unlock them. HR employees can enter the department during these times, but they will need their access cards to do so. Other employees cannot access the department at these times. (The first-man-in rule does not apply when the disable card has been used.) The disable and enable cards are kept in a secure location and can only be used by the supervisor on duty. The system keeps an audit trail that records the time and day they were used. The sales department, which is in a separate building from HR and maintenance, has special access control arrangements as well. To enter the building, employees and customers must walk through two glass doors. The front door is programmed to unlock automatically during regular business hours, but the second (interior) door remains locked. A receptionist is stationed in the lobby with a clear view of the doors. Visitors can enter through the first set of doors to get out of inclement weather. The receptionist can then press a button and release the inside door to grant them entry. Only those who are recognized by the receptionist or who have an appointment are granted entry. Employees use their ID cards to gain entry. The reader is outside both sets of doors. Since the outside door is already open during normal business hours, only the inside door is unlocked by the system. During nonbusiness hours, an employee presents his or her card to the reader and the outside door unlocks for five seconds. The inside door also unlocks, allowing fifteen seconds. Card technology. Cards are issued by the human resource department. However, instead of placing employee photographs and information directly onto a proximity card, the company makes a digital photograph of an employee and, along with the employee's name and other corporate information, prints the photo onto a thin PVC badge with an adhesive back. The PVC card, which has no technology on it, is then attached to the front of a proximity card. This method turned out to be less expensive than printing photographs directly onto a proximity card. To print employee data directly onto a proximity card, CCI would have had to purchase a particular badge, costing $6.95 per card. The proximity cards chosen instead cost only $3.50 per card, plus $1.10 for each self-stick PVC badge. The company can reuse the proximity card after an employee leaves. HR simply removes the PVC photo ID badge from the proximity card. The card is voided from the system, reconfigured with a new code, and issued to another employee with a new PVC photo badge attached to it. This approach also saves money when cards are misprinted. If an ID badge has a mistake, the company need only throw away the PVC ID card - not the entire proximity card. To further cut down on cost, the company has established a fee for replacement cards. Before receiving their ID badges, employees sign an agreement that requires them to pay $10 to replace a lost card. The policy has resulted in fewer lost badges. Loading dock doors. CCI has fifty-six loading docks throughout its seven buildings, each secured with a locked overhead door and an alarm. The company wanted to use electronic access control on the loading dock doors but felt that it would be too expensive to install a card reader on each one. Instead, the company purchased Hirsch's Scramble Pad. With this system (which was integrated with the card access system), one digital keypad is used to control access to a group of several doors. For example, one building has fourteen garage doors in a row, all controlled by one keypad. Each door is secured and monitored with a magnetic contact that is wired to an access control panel. To open a specific door for deliveries, an employee enters a personal five-digit passcode into the keypad (also wired to the panel) along with the number of the door to be opened. The appropriate contact is shunted and the alarm is disarmed for thirty minutes, enough time to unload a truck. The main PC maintains a record of who opened a loading dock door and when. The keypad offers an additional security feature. Instead of having numbered push buttons in numerical order on the face of the keypad, the numbers appear on an LED touchscreen on the front of the keypad. Before an employee can enter a passcode, he or she must activate the keypad by pushing a "start" button. The start button scrambles the numbers on the screen so that they are in a different order each time, preventing an unauthorized person from guessing an employee's passcode by watching the pattern of how the number was entered. The keypad system also allows the human resource department or facility manager to disarm the alarms and locks at certain loading docks during designated hours of the day. These docks have a high volume of deliveries but do not require high security. The company decided, therefore, that it was better to have them open at all times during regular business hours. Reports. From the main computer, the facility manager and authorized personnel from the human resource department can run reports detailing the activity within the system.This feature has been especially important in helping the company keep track of false alarms. Each month, the facility manager runs a report on all alarms for each building. The reports are given to building managers, who are responsible for eliminating or decreasing the number of false alarms. Other reports are run to determine when certain events took place. These include reports on how many people accessed a particular door on a given month and how many people were denied access to certain doors. By analyzing this data, management can assess how the system is working, which may lead in the future to additional security measures or programming refinements. Maintenance. Although CCI entered into a service agreement with the installer, Access Security, for general maintenance of the access control system, the company wanted to be able to replace and fix some of the components - specially the electronic locks - if they broke down. To that end, the maintenance department was given two spare electric strikes and trained on how to replace electronic locks. Also, to make it easier to replace strikes, all of the wire connections were installed with quick-disconnect terminals, which allows any qualified maintenance person to reconnect the wires without having to strip and crimp them. DOOR ALARMS. As mentioned earlier, forty-one doors were not equipped with card readers. These doors were to be alarmed at all times, and exit from them was prohibited. Limiting the number of readers to the minimum needed saved significantly on costs. (Alarms cost about $200 per door, while a card reader and electronic lock run about $3,000.) While some of these doors had been used in the past, most were not main throughways. For example, several simply led out to a grassy field. Under the new configuration, when anyone exited through an unauthorized door, multiple alarms throughout the building would sound, requiring management to respond. During the first two months of this system, there were many false alarms, as staff were accustomed to leaving through any door. The facility manager solved the problem by putting yellow caution tape across the doors that had the most false alarms. This made everyone aware that the doors were off-limits. After several months, the tape was removed - and the false alarms stopped. CCTV. With the access control system in place, CCI has begun installing a black-and-white CCTV surveillance system. There are currently twenty-two cameras monitoring two buildings, with plans to expand the system to cover all of the buildings over the next few years. The cameras monitor the building perimeters and have a view of most of the loading dock doors and the regular doors that have access card readers. The company is considering the use of cameras inside the buildings as well. Each camera is wired to the central station over fiber optic connections. Images are recorded continuously onto T160 tapes; only three videocassettes are needed to record an entire week. By securing its facilities, CCI has also secured two important clients and given itself a competitive edge in the marketplace. CCI's business is not security. But as its management has now learned, security can be a critical component of any business - whatever a company's core mission might be. Daniel Cogan is vice president of Access Security Corporation, Warminster, Pennsylvania, where he is responsible for system design and integration. He has worked in public law enforcement or private security for more than twenty years. He is a member of ASIS.
Biometric Access Control System and Cctv  Reliable Security Solution
Biometric Access Control System and Cctv Reliable Security Solution
Biometric Access Control System and Security GuardingSecurity guarding is becoming more important with every passing day because the security concerns are increasing. Vandalism, robbery, theft and other petty antisocial activities are increasing at a rapid speed. Recession has made the situation worse because many people who were laid off often got involved in such anti social activities. This is the reason why our house, office or commercial space is not completely safe and secured anymore. Access control system (like CCTV, biometric access control system, etc.) is becoming more and more important for security guarding. One of the best known access control system is Biometric Access Control System. When biological data are measured through scientific way and then analysed in a strategic manner, the process is known as Biometrics. Every human body part has some characteristic feature and these are aspects that are considered as 'biological data'. Fingerprints, facial pattern, iris and retina of eyes, hand measurement, DNA and others are some of the features that are unique for every person. This feature is used in the Biometric Access Control System. When such a system is installed at a particular place (say, a office, house or other commercial spaces), then the main motto is to give access to specified number of people only to the premises. Thus, characteristic features (fingerprints, facial pattern, iris and retina of eyes, hand measurement, DNA) of certain people are collected and then fed into the Biometric Access Control System. Once a visitor to the concerned place tries to go inside the premise then he or she is required to pass through that system, where he or she is required to match the biometrics with the input already given in the system. If all the metrics match, then the person is allowed in the concerned premise. Biometric Access Control System - The Process in BriefIf any of the characteristic features doesn't match with the already given features in the Biometric Access Control System, the system will not allow access to that particular person. The process followed in this particular access control system is given below:1.Identification2.Verification3.Authentication4.Access given or rejectedThis secured process has made Biometric Access Control System as the most secured access control system.More Information on Biometric Access Control SystemsTwo types of Biometric Access Control systems are most popular:a)Face Recognitionb)Fingerprint recognitionIt has been considered by many that this system is used in the high security zones such as defence or nuclear power plant area. However, it is now used in the commercial complexes and also in some houses. Some of the most popular ones in the schools and offices are fingerprint and face recognition Biometric Access Control systems. This biometric system is widely used in United Kingdom and is very popular in the business community. In fact, this system is so popular that it is now being used in the personal spaces too. Biometric Access Control system has become more popular among the English people after the 9/11 terrorist attack in United States of America. In fact, it has become so popular that UK has recorded the highest number of such system. Install Biometric Access Control systems and CCTV for security guarding and make your place secure and safe.
How to Get the Most Out of Your Access Control Systems
How to Get the Most Out of Your Access Control Systems
Security of your property is never an issue you can overlook. To know how to enhance the security of your home or business, you must become familiar with the basics of different security technologies. Besides providing a fool proof security to your property, access control systems also help integrate a few components to optimize their functionality. Here are the ways to maximize the benefits of your Access Control Austin systems. Place the cameras strategically When an incident of security breach happens in your building, you must resolve the issue with top priority as well as have a proper evidence to do so. This is necessary to see that the incident does not repeat itself and the persons responsible for the incident are made accountable for the same. To achieve this end, integrate your surveillance cameras with the access control system of the facility. Integrated security cameras are a sure way to streamline the process of access control. Integrate the alarms The main purpose of electronic doors is to replace the conventional keys or to achieve further automation features in order to enhance the property security. For quite some time, these types of locks are found installed in the cars. These days, some advanced technologies enable keeping the doors in locked condition until the user enters the right credentials that can signal the door to be unlocked once. This system ensures that those persons who do not have access permission to the campus are not let in. Different access levels A keypad reader can be integrated with the access control system to input the information required from a person to provide access. Proximity card reader is the most popular system used in commercial buildings. The system functions if the card is brought within a few inches distance from the reader. The reader is configured to gather the identification information contain dint he access card for checking in. the identification information is forwarded to the controller for the sake of processing. After processing the information, the system will permit or deny the access based on the genuineness of the credentials. Due to the unique technology employed, each of the cards can only talk to the reader with which it is configured. These card readers can be used to achieve varied access levels. Different personnel of the company can be given select entry to the different segments of the campus. Depute a security officer Once the cameras and alarms are integrated with the access control system, you also need someone to monitor the system. To entrust this task, you must find a knowledgeable professional who can take the necessary action during an emergency situation. Rightly trained security officers also help in taking measures to see that the concerning situations do not repeat. If an individual acts suspiciously in the cameras, the security officer will know how to react to the situation. Therefore, to get the most out of your access control system , you will certainly need a system that also has people familiar with the technology and processes.
Knowledge About Logical Access Control
Knowledge About Logical Access Control
1. By country of logical access controlGovernments of countries which comment on net neutrality usually support the concept.United StatesNet neutrality in the United States has been a point of conflict between network users and service providers since the 1990s. Much of the conflict over net neutrality arises from how Internet services are classified by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) under authority of the Communications Act of 1934. The FCC would have significant ability to regulate ISPs should Internet services be treated as a Title II "common carrier service", or otherwise the ISPs would be mostly unrestricted by the FCC if Internet services fell under Title I "information services". In 2009, the United States Congress passed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act 2009, which granted a stimulus of $2.88 billion for extending broadband services into certain areas of the United States. It was intended to make the internet more accessible for under-served areas, and aspects of net neutrality and open access were written into the grant. However, the bill never set any significant precedents for net neutrality or influenced future legislation relating to net neutrality. Through 2017, the FCC has generally been favorable towards net neutrality, treating ISPs under Title II common carrier. With the onset of the Presidency of Donald Trump in 2017, and the appointment of Ajit Pai, an opponent of net neutrality, to the chairman of the FCC, the FCC has reversed many previous net neutrality rulings, and reclassified Internet services as Title I information services. The FCC's decisions have been a matter of several ongoing legal challenges by both states supporting net neutrality, and ISPs challenging it. The United States Congress has attempted to pass legislation supporting net neutrality but have failed to gain sufficient support. In 2018, a bill cleared the U.S. Senate, with Republicans Lisa Murkowski, John Kennedy and Susan Collins joining all 49 Democrats but the House majority denied the bill a hearing. Individual states have been trying to pass legislation to make net neutrality a requirement within their state, overriding the FCC's decision. California has successfully passed its own net neutrality act, which the United States Department of Justice is challenging on a legal basis.CanadaNet neutrality in Canada is a debated issue in that nation, but not to the degree of partisanship in other nations such as the United States in part because of its federal regulatory structure and pre-existing supportive laws that were enacted decades before the debate arose. In Canada, Internet service providers (ISPs) generally provide Internet service in a neutral manner. Some notable incidents otherwise have included Bell Canada's throttling of certain protocols and Telus's censorship of a specific website critical of the company. In the case with Bell Canada, the debate for net neutrality became a more popular topic when it was revealed that they were throttling traffic by limiting people's accessibility to view Canada's Next Great Prime Minister, which eventually led to the Canadian Association of Internet Providers (CAIP) demanding the Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) to take action on preventing the throttling of third-party traffic. In October 22, 2009, the CRTC issued a ruling about internet traffic management, which favored adopting guidelines that were suggested by interest groups such as OpenMedia.ca and the Open Internet Coalition. However, the guidelines set in place require citizens to file formal complaints proving that their internet traffic is being throttled, and as a result, some ISPs still continue to throttle internet traffic of its users.IndiaIn the year 2018, the Indian Government unanimously approved new regulations supporting net neutrality. The regulations are considered to be the "world's strongest" net neutrality rules, guaranteeing free and open Internet for nearly half a billion people, and are expected to help the culture of startups and innovation. The only exceptions to the rules are new and emerging services like autonomous driving and tele-medicine, which may require prioritised internet lanes and faster than normal speeds.ChinaNet Neutrality in China is not enforced, and ISPs in China play important roles in regulating the content that is available domestically on the internet. There are several ISPs filtering and blocking content at the national level, preventing domestic internet users from accessing certain sites or services or foreign internet users from gaining access to domestic web content. This filtering technology is referred to as the Great Firewall, or GFW. In a journal analyzing the political climate behind net neutrality in China, Henry Hu concluded that Chinese ISPs have become a political tool for the country to heavily regulate information rather than providing neutral internet content for its users. In contrast to countries such as the United States, values such as equality and free speech are not considered in the net neutrality debate.------2. Issues of logical access controlDiscrimination by protocolDiscrimination by protocol is the favouring or blocking information based on aspects of the communications protocol that the computers are using to communicate. In the US, a complaint was filed with the Federal Communications Commission against the cable provider Comcast alleging they had illegally inhibited users of its high-speed Internet service from using the popular file-sharing software BitTorrent. Comcast admitted no wrongdoing in its proposed settlement of up to US$16 dollars per share in December 2009. However, a U.S. appeals court ruled in April 2010 that the FCC exceeded its authority when it sanctioned Comcast in 2008 for deliberately preventing some subscribers from using peer-to-peer file-sharing services to download large files. However, the FCC spokeswoman Jen Howard responded, "the court in no way disagreed with the importance of preserving a free and open Internet, nor did it close the door to other methods for achieving this important end". Despite the ruling in favour of Comcast, a study by Measurement Lab in October 2011 verified that Comcast had virtually stopped its BitTorrent throttling practices.Discrimination by IP addressDuring the 1990s, creating a non-neutral Internet was technically infeasible. Originally developed to filter harmful malware, the Internet security company NetScreen Technologies released network firewalls in 2003 with so-called deep packet inspection capabilities. Deep packet inspection helped make real-time discrimination between different kinds of data possible, and is often used for Internet censorship. In a practice called zero-rating, companies will not invoice data use related to certain IP addresses, favoring use of those services. Examples include Facebook Zero, Wikipedia Zero, and Google Free Zone. These zero-rating practices are especially common in the developing world.Sometimes Internet Service Providers (ISPs) will charge some companies, but not others, for the traffic they cause on the ISP's network. French telecom operator Orange, complaining that traffic from YouTube and other Google sites consist of roughly 50% of total traffic on the Orange network, made a deal with Google, in which they charge Google for the traffic incurred on the Orange network. Some also thought that Orange's rival ISP Free throttled YouTube traffic. However, an investigation done by the French telecommunications regulatory body revealed that the network was simply congested during peak hours.Aside from the zero-rating method, ISPs will also use certain strategies to reduce costs of pricing plans such as the use of sponsored data. In a scenario where a sponsored data plan is used, a third-party will step in and pay for all the content that it (or the carrier or consumer) does not want around. This is generally used as a way for ISP's to remove out-of-pocket costs from subscribers.One of the criticisms regarding discrimination is that the system set up by ISPs for this purpose is capable of not only discriminating but also scrutinizing full-packet content of communications. For instance, the deep packet inspection technology installs intelligence within the lower layers in the work to discover and identify the source, type, and destination of packets, revealing information about packets traveling in the physical infrastructure so it can dictate the quality of transport such packet will receive. This is seen as an architecture of surveillance, one that can be shared with intelligence agencies, copyrighted content owners, and civil litigants, exposing the users' secrets in the process.Favoring private networksProponents of net neutrality argue that without new regulations, Internet service providers would be able to profit from and favor their own private protocols over others. ISPs are able to encourage the use of specific services by using private networks to discriminate what data is counted against bandwidth caps. For example, Comcast struck a deal with Microsoft that allowed users to stream television through the Xfinity app on their Xbox 360s without it affecting their bandwidth limit. However, utilizing other television streaming apps, such as Netflix, HBO Go, and Hulu, counted towards the limit. Comcast denied that this infringed on net neutrality principles since "it runs its Xfinity for Xbox service on its own, private Internet protocol network". In 2009, when AT&T was bundling iPhone 3G with its 3G network service, the company placed restrictions on which iPhone applications could run on its network. According to proponents of net neutrality, this capitalization on which content producers ISPs can favor would ultimately lead to fragmentation, where some ISPs would have certain content that is not necessarily present in the networks offered by other ISPs. The danger behind fragmentation, as viewed by proponents of net neutrality, is the concept that there could be "multiple 'Internets,'" where some ISPs offer exclusive internet applications or services or make it more difficult to gain access internet content that may be more easily viewable through other internet service providers. An example of a fragmented service would be television, where some cable providers offer exclusive media from certain content providers. However, in theory, allowing ISPs to favor certain content and private networks would overall improve internet services since they would be able to recognize packets of information that are more time-sensitive and prioritize that over packets that are not as sensitive to latency. The issue, as explained by Robin S. Lee and Tim Wu, is that there are literally too many ISPs and internet content providers around the world to reach an agreement on how to standardize that prioritization. A proposed solution would be to allow all online content to be accessed and transferred freely, while simultaneously offering a "fast lane" for a preferred service that does not discriminate on the content provider.Peering discriminationThere is disagreement about whether peering is a net neutrality issue. In the first quarter of 2014, streaming website Netflix reached an arrangement with ISP Comcast to improve the quality of its service to Netflix clients. This arrangement was made in response to increasingly slow connection speeds through Comcast over the course of 2013, where average speeds dropped by over 25% of their values a year before to an all-time low. After the deal was struck in January 2014, the Netflix speed index recorded a 66% increase in connection. Netflix agreed to a similar deal with Verizon in 2014, after Verizon DSL customers' connection speed dropped to less than 1 Mbit/s early in the year. Netflix spoke out against this deal with a controversial statement delivered to all Verizon customers experiencing low connection speeds, using the Netflix client. This sparked an internal debate between the two companies that led to Verizon's obtaining a cease and desist order on 5 June 2014 that forced Netflix to stop displaying this message.Favoring fast-loading websitesPro-net neutrality arguments have also noted that regulations are also necessary due to research that has shown low-tolerance to slow-loading content providers. In a 2009 research study conducted by Forrester Research, online shoppers expected the web pages they visited to download content instantly. When a page fails to load at the expected speed, many of them simply click out. A study found that even a one-second delay could lead to "11% fewer page views, a 16% decrease in customer satisfaction, and 7% loss in conversions". This delay can cause a severe problem to small innovators who have created new technology. If a website is slow by default, the general public will lose interest and favor a website that runs faster. This helps large corporate companies maintain power because they have the means to fund faster Internet speeds. On the other hand, smaller competitors have less financial capabilities making it harder for them to succeed in the online world.
New Telescope Will Let You View Earth From the Moon by 2015
New Telescope Will Let You View Earth From the Moon by 2015
With our hundreds of telescopes and observatories, both here on Earth and floating in space, we have an amazing view of the universe around us, but starting in 2015, we're going to be able to look where no telescope has showed us before - our own planet.The International Lunar Observatory precursor (ILO-X) will be the first private telescope launched to the Moon, featuring an internet-access control system that will let anyone on Earth use it via their web browser, and, as suggested by the name, this telescope is just the precursor to a permanent telescope to be set at the Moon's south pole sometime after.[ Related: Moon's craters may harbour alien minerals from meteorites ]The telescope was commissioned by the International Lunar Observatory Association (ILOA), and was designed and built by the private corporation Moon Express Inc. Representatives of both were on hand during the announcement of the project at the ILOA Galaxy Forum Canada 2013, in Vancouver on Saturday."The primary goal of the International Lunar Observatory is to expand human understanding of the Galaxy and Cosmos through observation from our Moon," said Steve Durst, the founder and director of the ILOA, in a press release. "We are extremely excited about sending the ILO-X to the Moon as soon as possible, and continuing our progress toward a permanent human presence on the Moon."Moon Express is the company behind the Google Lunar X Prize Competition, which is pitting privately-funded teams against each other in a race to see who can be the first to land a robot rover on the surface of the Moon. The prizes for the winning team will total $30 million, but Moon Express hopes that the payoff for humanity will be much larger. It's their goal to develop new, privately-funded missions to the Moon, not only to develop the Moon for our benefit here on Earth, but also to establish a permanent presence on our natural satellite.[ More Geekquinox: Precognitive robot learns to predict our future needs ]The way the IOLA and Moon Express are going about this is perfect, too. Private industry will be able to drive space exploration far faster than public organizations, especially when it's done by companies that are dedicated to the goal, rather than governments whose resource are usually pulled in numerous different and competing directions. It's the involvement of the public that will get them even further, though.We all saw Chris Hadfield's adventures on the International Space Station, as we checked out his Twitter feed for new photographs, and the Canadian Space Agency's YouTube channel for his latest videos. Having those views from orbit, and details about living in space, really got people's attention and caused renewed interest in the space program. By putting a telescope on the Moon, the public will be able to get a sneak-peak at the spectacular view they'd be afforded if they lived there or at least visited, generating a wave of interest for future lunar missions. Also, as an added bonus, having that awe-inspiring view may actually help us to save planet too.(Photos courtesy: NASA, The Canadian Press/HO-Moon Express)Geek out with the latest in science and weather.
Biometric Access Control System Cctv Makes Commercial  Residential Space Secure
Biometric Access Control System Cctv Makes Commercial Residential Space Secure
What is Biometric Access Control System?Biometrics is the scientific measurement and strategic analysis of biological data. When we say 'biological data', we refer to the unique characteristic features of certain body parts of human body. Some of these features include facial patterns, measurement of hand, retinas and irises of eyes, fingerprints, DNA and many more. This feature is utilized by Biometric access control system to control access of different people to particular areas. The reason behind the same is the uniqueness of the characteristic features of some of the human body parts, mentioned above. It is being found that no two individual posses the same DNA structure, fingerprint, retina and iris of eyes, etc. This characteristic feature helps people get distinguished from one another. In the Biometric Access Control System, some of these characteristics of certain person are fed in the access control system so that it can help the system to identify, verify, authenticate and ultimately access control.There is a general notion that Biometric Access Control System is used by intelligence agencies only. However, nowadays, these systems are used by residences and commercial buildings too. The rise of vandalism, terrorism and theft has pushed the businesses as well as the residences to use Biometric system to control access of people to their premises. In order to safeguard valuables and also to control access to specific regions, Biometric Access Control System is used and the success rate is 100% guaranteed. This is the reason why the commercial buildings as well as the residences are using this access control system. Biometric Access Control System - How does it Work?From the above we have come to know about the concept of Biometric Access Control System. Now, let elucidate about its working. This system works on verification of certain body parts of human like finger prints, DNA, etc. In fact, a single Biometric Access Control System is capable of considering more than one characteristic feature of our body. In fact, such an access control system verifies different criteria. It then scans all the characteristic features of the body parts of that person who is seeking permission to access the secured resource. Once the scanning process is done, the scanned features of that person are matched with the data fed in its database. If the data matches with that of the person then he or she is allowed to access the secured resource or area. In case the feature is unmatched, the person is not allowed. What is CCTV and How Useful is It as Access Control?The full form of CCTV is Closed Circuit television. It consists of a series of closed circuit cameras that are fitted with specific monitors to which the signals are transmitted. This should also be remembered that the range of transmission of signal to the specific monitors is limited. Note that the transmission of signal in case of CCTV system is not done in an open manner like that of the broadcast televisions. With the help of these cameras, commercial buildings, airports, ATMs and even residences can be guarded. This is a unique security guarding system that helps in monitoring the different nooks and corners of a place, even the ones where manual guarding is not possible. Nowadays, shops, commercial buildings, casinos and military bases are using CCTV access control systems for properly guarding their premises.To make the premises of residential areas and commercial spaces completely secure, one can install Biometric Access Control System and CCTV system.
Biometric Access Control: Types of Access Control
Biometric Access Control: Types of Access Control
Biometrics is not a recent technology. It has been prevalent since a very long time. However, its varied use started only recently. Few decades back, one could only imagine an electronic door open by the touch of a finger or by the look of a person before a camera. Scenes have changed completely now! Biometric access control is not merely limited to science fiction movies. It can be seen in corporate offices, highly sensitive Government offices, restaurants, and even schools and colleges. It can use a fingerprint device, face recognition access control system, or any other biometric technology. Face recognition access control system is a comparatively advanced biometric access control. Most of the devices available in the market contain software for face recognition and a high resolution camera. The software is installed in the central server or the main PC. Camera is fixed at the entrance point. First-time users are required to enroll their identity. Enrolled individuals are granted access by the machine, whenever, they look before the camera. All the faces are scanned by the system. If the facial details match one of the templates, already present in the database, permission is granted. Or else, permission is denied!Basic functioning of the machine is as stated above. However, the structure and functions of a biometric access control may vary with the instrument. Access Control may be classified into the following types:*Non-intelligent Access Control: This is simplest type of face recognition access control system. Control panel is a must in this device. Facial details are transferred to the control panel and output an ID number. This device is mostly based on Wiegand protocol. It is widely used.* Semi-intelligent Access Control: In this type of a device, readers do not make any decisions pertaining to access. However, they have all inputs and outputs related to door hardware. The user details are sent to the main controller and the response is obtained from there. Such readers may stop functioning or work in a degraded mode if connection to the main controller is interrupted.*Intelligent Access Control: This biometric access control can make access decisions independently. Control panel sends configuration updates and retrieves events from the machine. Some of readers may also not have a control panel and readers communicate directly to the PC. The intelligent readers are also known as IP readers.These are the various types of biometric access control available in the market. Apart from this classification, this system can also be classified on the basis of the type of identification. The techniques by which identification is done can also be classified separately. In this era, life is getting easier, for sure! Making life more secured, however, is equally important. Biometric access control helps in achieving this goal. All of the above types are a means to ensure that life is more secured. This application helps in restricting the entrance of undesired elements. Only selected individuals can enter the premises. Any of the types of access control mentioned above may serve the purpose.
Knowledge About Physical Access Control
Knowledge About Physical Access Control
1. "Great advocate for Open Access" of physical access controlIn a post made in 2003, Stevan Harnad, another Open Access advocate, called Arunachalam "India's and the Developing World's great advocate for open access". Arunachalam had then been named as Co-Director of the CogPrints Archive.Arunachalam has said that his "interest in promoting Open Access specifically started around 1996, when I began working as a visiting faculty at the Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai".He has argued that research performed in India, and funded by Indian taxpayers, is reported in a few thousand journals, both Indian and foreign. But since some of these journals are very expensive, "many Indian libraries -- including sometimes the author's own institutional library -- are not able to subscribe to them. As consequence, other Indian scientists working in the same, or related, areas are unable to read these papers. This is a problem common to all developing countries."Arunachalam's view is that "if all these papers were published in OA journals, or if the authors made them freely available on the Web by self-archiving them either in institutional OA archives or in central archives like arXiv and CiteSeer then the problem would vanish." He is known to favour the self-archiving route for Indian researchers. This is because, he says, "it would allow us to achieve 100% OA (open access) more quickly."Indian research are believed to published in equal proportions in both Indian and foreign journals, but most Indian ones have a very poor circulation. Resultantly, Indian research work does not reach a wide audience "affecting both its visibility and its impact". Hence, Arunachalam has argued that Open Access archives are "very important" for the Indian researcher, whom it could offer greater visibility.------2. Introduction of physical access controlIAPS is an association of physics students and student societies from around the globe, working to promote peaceful collaboration amongst its members. These are represented by national and local committees, who meet regularly to ensure the relevance of activities.Since 1987, IAPS has worked continuously to support friendly relations and collaboration between physics students. The group supports its members in their academic and professional work by discussing and acting on scientific, social and cultural issues. IAPS is a recognised non-governmental organisation run entirely by students from around the world.IAPS runs an annual International Conference of Physics Students (ICPS), one of the biggest student organized conferences in the world. IAPS also organizes visits to global research institutions such as CERN or Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, international physics competitions, summer schools, exchange programmes and multinational meetings.On a daily basis, IAPS is run by an Executive Committee, which is elected at the Annual General Meeting (AGM), held during the ICPS with the participation of all member societies. Most of the activities are run through the help of student volunteers, whose collaboration is necessary to ensure that all activities are offered at prices that allow participation from countries with weaker economies.Throughout its existence, IAPS has been accumulating a number of partnerships with several international organizations. Between the most long-standing collaborators stand the European Physical Society (EPS) and the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP). IAPS continuously pursues collaborative partnership efforts with other organizations to have a positive impact in the global scientific community.------3. Generic cell rate algorithm of physical access controlThe generic cell rate algorithm (GCRA) is a leaky bucket-type scheduling algorithm for the network scheduler that is used in Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) networks. It is used to measure the timing of cells on virtual channels (VCs) and or Virtual Paths (VPs) against bandwidth and jitter limits contained in a traffic contract for the VC or VP to which the cells belong. Cells that do not conform to the limits given by the traffic contract may then be re-timed (delayed) in traffic shaping, or may be dropped (discarded) or reduced in priority (demoted) in traffic policing. Nonconforming cells that are reduced in priority may then be dropped, in preference to higher priority cells, by downstream components in the network that are experiencing congestion. Alternatively they may reach their destination (VC or VP termination) if there is enough capacity for them, despite them being excess cells as far as the contract is concerned: see priority control.The GCRA is given as the reference for checking the traffic on connections in the network, i.e. usage/network parameter control (UPC/NPC) at usernetwork interfaces (UNI) or inter-network interfaces or network-network interfaces (INI/NNI). It is also given as the reference for the timing of cells transmitted (ATM PDU Data_Requests) onto an ATM network by a network interface card (NIC) in a host, i.e. on the user side of the UNI. This ensures that cells are not then discarded by UPC/NCP in the network, i.e. on the network side of the UNI. However, as the GCRA is only given as a reference, the network providers and users may use any other algorithm that gives the same result.------4. Federal elections of physical access controlWith a final total of 247 seats (56.78%) in the House and 54 seats in the Senate, the Republicans ultimately achieved their largest majority in the U.S. Congress since the 71st Congress in 1929.Congressional electionsSenate electionsAll 33 seats in Senate Class II were up for election. Additionally, three special elections were held to fill vacancies in Class III.Of the 36 Senate races, the Republican Party won 24 (a net gain of nine seats, which represents the largest gain for a party in the Senate since 1980, and the largest Senate gain in a midterm since 1958) and the Democratic Party won 12, thus resulting in the Republicans regaining control of the Senate for the first time since 2006, with a total of 54 seats. The race in Louisiana headed to a run-off on December 6, 2014, in which Rep. Bill Cassidy (R) defeated 3-term incumbent Sen. Mary Landrieu 55.9% to 44.1%.House of Representatives electionsAll 435 voting seats in the United States House of Representatives were up for election. Elections were held to select the delegates for the District of Columbia and four of the five U.S. territories. The only seat in the House not up for election was the Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico, who serves a four-year term. The Republican party won 247 seats (a net gain of 13 seats) and the Democratic Party, 188 seats. Thus, the Republicans gained their largest majority in the House since 1928. Nationwide, Republicans won the popular vote for the House of Representatives by a margin of 5.7 percent.On March 11, there was a special election for Florida's 13th congressional district, won by the Republican Party.------5. Current superintendent of physical access controlTonya Hoover, National Fire Academy SuperintendentTonya Hoover is the Superintendent of the U.S. Fire Administrations National Fire Academy (NFA). She was named to this position in May 2017. As Superintendent, Ms. Hoover provides leadership for the NFA, which focuses on enhancing the ability of fire and emergency services and allied professionals to deal more effectively with fire and related emergencies.Ms. Hoover is an accomplished executive with more than 20 years of management experience in both local and state government. She has successfully worked at high levels of government in developing and implementing fire protection, fire prevention, fire training, and community risk reduction programs.From July 2009 to July 2016, Ms. Hoover served as the California State Fire Marshal, where she was responsible for statewide fire prevention, fire service training, pipeline safety, code and regulations development, and analysis and implementation. She was the California Assistant State Fire Marshal from September 2007 to June 2009. Previously, Ms. Hoover served as a fire marshal/battalion chief for a local fire department and was a deputy campus fire marshal for the University of California at Berkeley. Ms. Hoover was on the Board of Directors for the National Fire Protection Association and the International Fire Service Training Association, and is an active committee member with the International Code Council.Ms. Hoover received her MBA in Business and Human Resources from the University of Phoenix in 2006 and a Bachelor of Science in Technical Education, specializing in Fire Protection and Safety, from Oklahoma State University in 1985. She holds an associate degree in Fire Protection Engineering Technology (also from Oklahoma State University) and possesses a California lifetime teaching credential for fire science.------6. Turnout of physical access controlNationwide voter turnout was 36.4%, down from 40.9% in the 2010 midterms and the lowest since the 1942 elections, when just 33.9% of voters turned out, though that election came during the middle of World War II.The states with the highest turnout were Maine (59.3%), Wisconsin (56.9%), Alaska (55.3%), Colorado (53%), Oregon (52.7%) Minnesota (51.3%), Iowa (50.6%), New Hampshire (48.8%), Montana (46.1%) and South Dakota (44.6%), all of which except for Iowa and Montana featured a competitive gubernatorial race and all of which except for Maine and Wisconsin also featured competitive Senate races. The states with the highest turnout that had no Senate or gubernatorial race that year were North Dakota (44.1%) and Washington state (38.6%).The states with the lowest turnout were Indiana (28%), Texas (28.5%), Utah (28.8%), Tennessee (29.1%), New York (29.5%), Mississippi (29.7%), Oklahoma (29.8%), New Jersey (30.4%) and West Virginia and Nevada (31.8%). Indiana and Utah had no Senate or gubernatorial elections and the others all had races for at least one of the posts, but they were not considered competitive. Turnout in Washington, D.C. was (30.3%).According to CNN Young Americans aged between 18-29 accounted for 13%, down from 19% in the presidential election two years before.Analysis by the Pew Research Center found that 35% of non-voters cited work or school commitments, which prevented them from voting, 34% said they were too busy, unwell, away from home or forgot to vote, 20% either didn't like the choices, didn't know enough or didn't care and 10% had recently moved, missed a registration deadline or didn't have transportation.The New York Times counts apathy, anger and frustration at the relentlessly negative tone of the campaigns as the reasons of low turnout and stated, "Neither party gave voters an affirmative reason to show up at the polls."------7. Communist Organisation in the British Isles of physical access controlThe Communist Organisation in the British Isles (COBI) was a Marxist-Leninist political party in Britain and Ireland. It was founded in 1974 by members of the British and Irish Communist Organisation (BICO) who disagreed with BICO's stance on workers' control, which the COBI described as reducing "the working class to a plastic object of bourgeois history" and"fundamentally anti-Marxist". The COBI, however, retained several of BICO's policies, including supporting the partition of Ireland, backing the UK joining the European Economic Community, and opposition to Trotskyism.The new group had already begun studying the work of the De Leonist Socialist Labour Party, also taking its arm-and-hammer logo as its own. It rapidly published a series of publications all bearing the name of their journal Proletarian, of which at least four issues were published, variously described as texts, broadsides or simply as pamphlets. COBI stated that it would use the work of "Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Mao as bases" and also defended the idea of the vanguard party as the means for achieving socialism.It was known for its strict entry conditions, which included knowledge of at least one language other than English, and a commitment from members to "maintain himself/herself in a state of mental and physical fitness and preparedness". Members were also required to develop theoretical work to a standard satisfactory to the organisation as described in the group's Platform, published in September 1976.In 1977, the party was officially renamed Communist Formation. Always small it disbanded a few years later, some of its last remnants joining the Socialist Unity coalition.Notable members included the Scottish computer scientist Paul Cockshott and the Welsh historian Gwyn A. Williams.
Things You May Want to Know About Logical Access Control
Things You May Want to Know About Logical Access Control
An overview of logical access controlFort Saint Anthony (Portuguese: Forte de Santo Antnio; Dutch: Fort Sint Anthony) was a fort built by the Portuguese in 1515 near the town of Axim, in what is now Ghana. In 1642, the Dutch captured the fort and subsequently made it part of the Dutch Gold Coast. The Dutch expanded the fort considerably before they turned it over, with the rest of their colony, to the British in 1872. The fort is now the property of the Ghanaian state and is open to the public.As the westernmost fort of the Dutch possessions, Fort Saint Anthony was the first fort encountered by Dutch traders, and the place where provisions and fresh water were taken in. Fort Saint Anthony remained an important fort in the Dutch possessions, with its commandant serving as senior commissioner (Dutch: oppercommies) in the Colonial Council in Elmina, together with the commandant of Fort Nassau at Moree, the commandant of Fort Crvecoeur at Accra, and the commandant of the factory at Ouidah, on the Dutch Slave Coast. In contrast to many other Dutch possessions on the Gold Coast, Fort Saint Anthony was never abandoned during the 19th century, and remained occupied until 1872.3D Model of logical access controlIn 2013, the Zamani Project documented Fort Saint Anthony with terrestrial 3D laser scanning . The non-profit research group from the University of Cape town (South Africa) specialises in 3D digital documentation of tangible cultural heritage. The data generated by the Zamani Project creates a permanent record that can be used for research, education, restoration, and conservation. A 3D model, panorama tour and plans of Fort Saint Anthony are available on www.zamaniproject.orgHistory of logical access controlDue to a lack of study of the Portuguese archives of the sixteenth century, little is known about the early years of Fort Saint Anthony and about the reason for the Portuguese to settle themselves at Axim, although a desire to control the gold trade in the area seems a logical motivation. The first evidence of Portuguese involvement near Axim is a letter from the governor of Elmina to the King of Portugal from 1503, to send construction materials to captain Diogo d'Alvarenga, who was in charge of the construction of the "House of Axem." After this house was destructed by local peoples, the Portuguese constructed a new post slightly more to the east, probably on the site on which the current Fort Saint Anthony still stands.In contrast to the other forts on the Gold Coast, the authority of the commander of fort Saint Anthony reached far beyond the fort and the town of Axim. In the Treaty of Axim that the Netherlands signed in 1642 with local peoples after their conquest of Saint Anthony from the Portuguese in the same year, they claim joint jurisdiction over a number of settlements surrounding Axim, pretending to have inherited this jurisdiction from the Portuguese. Moreover, in November 1656, at the request of Director-General Jan Valckenburgh, a declaration was signed by representatives of Gyommre, "Abripiquem," Ankobra, Ebokro, Axim and "Encasser," in which they declared to have been allies since time immemorial, and to always have put their disputes in front of the commandant of Fort Saint Anthony at Axim.The large area of jurisdiction is thought to be the result of Portuguese attempts in the early 17th century to restore their dominance in the gold tradewhich in recent years had been taken over by the Dutchby directly accessing the sources of the gold trade in the interior. In 1623, the Portuguese founded a fortified outpost on the Ankobra River, some 20 kilometres from Axim, near the present-day village of Bamianko, from which they established a gold mine on Aboasi Hill, some eight kilometres from this outpost. After the Dutch conquered Axim, they took over the Portuguese attempt to control the gold trade in the interior. However, the fort that they built for this purpose on the Ankobra River, Fort Ruychaver, was blown up by its commandant only five years after its construction, after a conflict with local people.After the Dutch West India Company lost its monopoly on the slave trade in 1730, it tried to develop cotton plantations at Axim.The commandant of Fort Saint Anthony continued to have some legal jurisdiction over the mentioned indigenous states well into the 19th century. When in the late 1850s the Dutch reformed their possessions on the Gold Coast into districts and instructed their fort commandantsnow referred to as "residents"to make reports of the peoples under its jurisdiction, the resident of Fort Saint Anthony, Julius Vitringa Coulon, indeed drew a map which displays a jurisdiction similar to the one proclaimed by Valckenburgh.
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